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CULTURAL TRAININGCWD ChronicwastingdiseaseCWDcontinuestomakenewsthroughthemidwest and ceded territories. There have been three significant developments regarding CWD either in or immediately outside the Ojibwe ceded territories in Michigan and Wisconsin. The first incident involves the discovery of CWD in wild free-ranging deer in Ingham County Mich. just outside of the 1836 ceded territory near Lansing Mich. This is the first case of CWD in free-ranging deer in Mich. and will trigger several actions by the Mich. Department of Natural Resources. A CWD manage- ment zone and core areas are created in the counties surrounding this case and within that core area there will be unlimited antlerless deer tags issued. A feeding and baiting ban will be implemented within the management zone. Here yet again we see a case of CWD seemingly come out of nowhere far from any current CWD in free-ranging deer. How might this occur The next two cases may shed some light on this. In June of this year a deer on a game farm near Eau Claire Wis. died and according to protocol was tested for CWD. It came back positive. This game farm is just southeast of Eau Claire and just outside of the Wisconsin 1837 ceded territory. The farm has been quarantined and depending on the results of the investigation the herd may be euthanized. This continues a trend of CWD cropping up on game farms despite efforts to curtail the spread. The second case also in June was a CWD positive deer on a game farm in Ohio. How is this relevant to tribes in Michigan Minnesota or Wisconsin Rules established to regulate the captive cervid industry require that game farms keep all records on sales and transfers of captive deer. Through this record keeping requirement we have learned that the deer that died in Ohio came from a game farm in Fredrick Wis. There is another interesting fact related to the Ohio game farm and the origin near Fredrick. Several years ago there was a single deer which tested positive for CWD near Shell Lake Wis. This deer was found only about 20 miles from the game farm in Fredrick which had the positive CWD deer ultimately found in Ohio. Could these have been related We may never know for sure but it is suspicious. So now we have evidence that CWD is found on game farms on a regular basis. Since there is no live test for CWD these deer are being sold and transferred all over the country. And now we have evidence that CWD has been transferred with those captive deer from Wisconsin to Ohio. This long distance spread of CWD may help answer the question as to how CWD got to Lansing Mich. It seems clear that banning captive cervids and the transfer of those animals around the United States would be a prudent action to take to curb the spread of CWD. Thoughts on the spread of CWD By Jonathan Gilbert PhD GLIFWC Wildlife Biologist Striving to understand Wis. Chapter of the Wildlife Society receives cultural training at Waswagoning Lac du Flambeau Reservation Wis.Its a cloudy and misty day in Waswagoning Lac du Flambeau yet everythingfeelsmizhakwadclearsky. About 25 members of the Wisconsin Chapter of the Wildlife Society arrived at Waswaagoning for a two-day work- shopinJunetolearnmoreaboutOjibwe perspectives pertaining to wildlife and the environment. The Wildlife Society is the pro- fessional international organization for wildlife biologists and was formed in 1937 to address national and interna- tional issues that affect the current and futurestatusofwildlifeinNorthAmerica and throughout the world. States and provinces have their own chapters. By Dylan Jennings Staff Writer Every group works diligently to bring its members the experience necessary to work in the field. Every year the Wisconsin chapter discusses future trainings and poten- tial technical topics. A majority of the membersrequestedsomeformofcross- culturaltrainingwithtribalentities.Jona- than Gilbert GLIFWC wildlife section leaderorganizedthetwo-dayworkshop for these professionals in hopes to help bridgethegapofunderstandingbetween tribal and non-tribal communities in the wildlife field. The first day was intended to break the ice and provide a base of relevant cultural practices that one might see in atribalcommunity.Theseconddaypro- vided members with technical breakout sessions. Breakout sessions included languageandculturetribalsovereignty Traditional Ecological Knowledge TEK and tribal consultation. This is a really good thing that youguyscomeheretolearnthesethings and sit down with the tribal communi- ties said biskakone Johnson Lac du Flambeau LdF member and Ojibwe artist in his welcome address at the LdF campground. His invocation was followed by a traditional feast and pipe ceremony. The group shared food and good words with tribal members in a setting that was culturally sound and appropriate. In todays mainstream society tribal perspective isnt always consid- erednorreveredasimportant.However the knowledge that Native American people carry cannot be undermined nor ignored. Science is deeply rooted in observation however tribal com- munities that have been around their ancestral homelands for generations have observed and lived within these natural environments for centuries. Attheendofthedayitwasrefresh- ing to see such all-around positive interaction.Everybodyinattendancehad different teachings however everyone could respect and relate to the environ- ment and the awesiiyag animals that help to sustain a way of life. As Dr. Gilbert put it Its now up tothememberstotakethingsawayfrom thistrainingandapplyitintheirownlives and work force. A big chi-miigwech goes out to all who helped make this event a success including all the staff cooksparticipantsandvolunteers.Good things and blessings come even on the cloudiest of days. Wesley Ballinger GLIFWC language specialist talks about the identity of Anishinaabe people. photo by Dylan Jennings 2015 GLIFWC enforcement youth activitieseducation Class Date Place Contact Hunter Safety August 31 Sept 1 2 Mole Lake Roger McGeshick 715.889.3200 ATV Safety September 5-6 Mole Lake Roger McGeshick 715.889.3200 Hunter Safety September St. Croix Brad Kacizak 715.562.0030 Trapper Education October 17 18 Mole Lake Roger McGeshick 715.889.3200 Hunter Safety October Bad River Vern Stone 715.292.8862 Clip Save All classes are tentative and subject to change. For updated information on these events and others please be sure to check our website at www. glifwc.org visit us on Facebook or call your nearest GLIFWC warden. MAZINAIGAN PAGE 22 FALL 2015