Page 1
Page 2
Page 3
Page 4
Page 5
Page 6
Page 7
Page 8
Page 9
Page 10
Page 11
Page 12
By Paula Maday Staff Writer By Sue Erickson Staff Writer RETIREMENTCAFO On the cover Open water spearfishing for walleye pictured muskellunge and other species begins as ice melts away from Ceded Territory waters each ziigwan spring. Southern lakes harvested by the St. Croix Band and Sokaogon Mole Lake Tribe typically achieve ice-out the earliest. photo by Charlie Otto Rasmussen Giga-waabamin After five starts at writing this each one making tears well up I am biting my lip as I announce my retirement as GLIFWCs Public Information Director and editor of Mazinaigan. I have truly loved my work and the people who have worked with me and guided me through my 32 years at GLIFWC. This includes staff the many people from our member tribes who have shared stories and struggles through these years and all the wonderful readers who have stuck with us through thick and thin. During my tour of duty I witnessed the tremen- dous growth of GLIFWC as well as progress and positive change in tribal communities. But those years also witnessed the ugly racism evidenced on the boat landings in the mid-to-late 1980s bitter court battles and continuing struggles to protect the resources from a myriad of dangers like invasive species the potential plunder of mining and climate change WhenIfirstsignedupwithGLIFWCtheorganiza- tion was in its infancy. I had a typewriter no computer. Henry Buffalo Jr. was the executive administrator. We did layout by waxing strips of text set by a professional typesetter and then sticking the strips carefully down on the layout paper. Our graphics came from a local grocer. The darkroom was rigged in the janitors closet in the old St. Marys School building. We straddled an open manhole that harbored a sump pump down below. The pump would suddenly slam on and youd practically jump out of your skin standing there in total darkness trying to carefully wind black and white film onto a reel without a crinkle. But despite the growing pains we had a mission and the staff was united behindthatmissiontoprotectandpreservethetribestreatyrightsandthenatural resources on which they depend.And we strove to do that to the best of our ability as demanded by our third Executive Administrator Jim Schlender Sr. ThankstoJimSchlenderSr.TobasonakwutKinew and Fred Kelly traditional spiritual elements became incorporated into the routine of GLIFWCpipes the GLIFWC drum prayers as meetings opened solstice feasts and talking circles. We carried staffs on soli- darity runs to heal ourselves from the hatred felt on boat landings. Those early runs became the annual GLIFWC Healing Circle Run. We carried a special staff and prayers on a relay from Lac du Flambeau to Washington DC for the 1998 Supreme Court hearing of the Mille Lacs case. We gather annually at Sandy Lake in Minnesota to recognize the Ojibwe ancestors who perished in 1850 as part of an effort to remove them to Minnesota. Their refusal to stay ultimately led to permanent reservations for many Ojibwe bands. All these things and more have made GLIFWC a very special place to work to live to care to share to be furious to laugh and to cry. While conditions at the office have changed significantly since 1984 and I nowhavetwocomputersandasmartphoneGLIFWCs mission has not changed.And the challenges continue. I am happy to leave my post to an extremely com- petentandcommittedstaffwhowillcontinueourefforts to assure treaty rights can be exercised in a meaningful way by coming generations. I thank them for their dedication and perseverance. And I must also thank our current Executive Administrator James Zorn who not only watches out for the tribes treaty interests but also consistently provides caring leadership for GLIFWCs staff. So they say there is no word for good-bye in Ojibwemowin. Thats a good thing leaving open the potential for future meetings and exchanges. Without that potential it would be absolutely heart-wrenching for me to retire which I did on January 31 this year. I will be working part-time for a while organizing our mas- sive photo collection and then head down to sunny Florida where my daughter runs an equestrian center. I will be gardening baking cookies and helping out wherever I can. City of Ashland Bayfield County take action to hinder CAFO dangers Twolocalgoverningbodiesrecent- ly took action to prevent potential dan- gers of the proposed Badgerwood LLC ConcentratedAnimalFeedingOperation CAFO in Bayfield County. OnJanuary26theBayfieldCounty Board unanimously approved a final reportandtworecommendedordinances presented by the Large Scale Livestock StudyCommitteeLSLSCacommittee madeupofelectedofficialsandresidents whose charge was to research ana- lyze and synthesize scientific literature regarding the impact of large-scale live- stock facilities on ground water surface water and air quality specifically as those issues apply in Bayfield County. The first ordinancethe Large- ScaleConcentratedFeedingOperations Ordinanceis a 19-page document designed to comprehensively regulate the operations of large-scale CAFOs of 1000 animal units or greater. The goal of the ordinance is to protectpublichealthsafetyandgeneral welfare to prevent pollution and the creation of private nuisances and public nuisances and to preserve the quality of life environment and existing small- scale livestock and other agricultural operations of Bayfield County. The second ordinancethe South Fish Creek Watershed Animal Waste Storage and Management Ordinance requires that manure storage in the South Fish Creek Watershed region be addressedinaparticularfashionexceed- ing state standards due to evidence that the watershed already suffers from impairment. Under Wisconsin Statute 92.15 the county is required to seek furtherpermissionfromtheDepartment of Natural Resources DNR for this ordinance. It would become effective once approved by the DNR. The passing of the ordinances was a welcome action in northern Ojibwe country where concern about the health of natural resources and the tribescon- tinued ability to exercise treaty rights is central. The CAFO is proposed to be located in the heart of the 1842 Ceded Territory. Both the Bad River and Red Cliff Tribes passed resolutions in 2015 rec- ognizingthenegativerisksandimplica- tionsbroughttocommunitiesbyCAFOs including threats to air quality water qualityandresourcessuchasmanoomin wild rice. Bad RiverTribal Chairman Robert BlanchardwhoattendedtheJanuary26 meetingaddressedtheBayfieldCounty Board saying As your neighbor the BadRiverTribeencouragesandsupports the Bayfield County Board efforts to Continued from page 1 protectthesharedwatersoftheChequa- megon Bay Lake Superior. On February 9 the Ashland City Council unanimously approved a reso- lution asking the Ashland and Bayfield County Boards and the DNR to imme- diately and for the foreseeable future suspend any and all livestock siting plans and permits that would allow the construction of a CAFO in the Ashland Source Water ProtectionArea SWPA. The SWPA is the area that supplies drinkingwaterforAshlandandBayfield counties. It is over 200 square miles and includes Chequamegon Bay which receives runoff from many sources including Fish Creek whose drainage site includes the area of the proposed CAFO. The resolution though hav- ing little direct policy impact since the CAFO is outside of Ashland city and county limits sends a statement to the counties and to the state about the depth of the citys concern about the proposed CAFO on area water quality. According to a poll conducted by the Northland College Center for Rural Communities in December 2015 63.3 of households in Ashland and Bayfield counties currently oppose the CAFO.JoeRoseSr.aBadRiverElder Ashland County Board member and former professor of Native American Studies at Northland College has been an active voice in the fight against the CAFO noting wisely that the potential pollution has no political boundaries. For 40 years the water the air the ecosystems have been protected from out-of-state interests he said. Today local governments organizations such as Farms not Factories and grassroots efforts are all coming togetherto keep protecting it. ing First Nations respected elder Nancy Jones showed the student how to clean the waabooz the way she had been taught. A very powerful teaching moment that will never be forgotten. The day culminated with an education panel at the college. School faculty and experts in various fields answered questions about the schools in the area issues problem solving and new approaches in the education realm. UW Green Bay professor and former DPI Native American Liaison JP Leary gave a com- prehensive presentation on Act 31 in Wisconsin. Professor Leary addressed the successes and shortfalls in the modern day classroom regarding Indian education and he offered strategies and words of advice to those looking to structure educa- tion in a similar manner. Education day and the Treaty 3 meeting were a testament to the reciproc- ity that exists between our Anishinaabe nations. There is a constant exchange of knowledge ideas values and teachings which in turn guide the people in bimaadiziwin or a good way of living. Treaty 3 Grand Chief Warren White acknowledged everyone for all of the work that was done for this two-day event and thanked the tribes for the hospitality shown to the delegation. Ancestors from both sides could be reassured that this relationship forged centuries ago is still thriving to this day. No borders for Anishinaabeg PAGE 3 MAZINAIGANSPRING 2016