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URAL ation launched at LdF school rights to hunt fish and gather on public lands within Ceded Territories students har- vested the wiigwaas used to cover the inner wiigiwaam from the Northern Highland American Legion State Forest. Similarly the giizhik-wanigek used to cover the outer wiigiwaam was ceremonially harvested from the Chequamegon-Nicolet National Forest. Fourteen students attended the cedar harvest on the National Forest to lay tobacco beg pardons from the trees and thank them for their gifts. This stage of the project also emphasized the importance of collaboration between governments and agencies. These harvests took representatives from the Tribe GLIFWC the U.S. Forest Service as well as the Wisconsin DNR to help locate the species needed for the project to ensure they were of the right quality and to help facilitate the permitting process. The bark shells are sewn and secured to the maple frame leaving a small open- ing at the top center of the wiigiwaam directly above the fire-pit. The dome shape of the structure guides any excess smoke up and out of this hole which also makes for great star-gazing in the long winter nights. Once the two wiigiwaam shells are completed about eight inches of space separates the inner shell from the outer shell. This space is perfect for the dried moss insulation that the team harvested from the Powell Marsh Wildlife Area. This moss insulation works similarly to modern insulation in a home. It provides an added layer of heat retention but also requires good ventilation to accomplish this. The smoke opening at the top of the structure also provides air circulation to the insulation. With the main structure of the wiigiwaam in place complete with heated floors insulation and ventilation it is time for finishing touches. Clay or soil is built up around the base on the outside of the lodge to seal it from excess moisture entering the floor space after a rain or when the snow melts. Floors are covered with woven anaakanoshk bull-rush mats for comfort along with spruce or balsam boughs that can be regularly replaced to maintain a fresh scent. Animal hides are used to seal openings as well as create comfortable and dry sleeping spaces. All through the process the ENVISION team used various forms of cultural knowledge and western knowledge in math science and physics. They collaborated with different governments to practice their treaty rights and traditional teachings. Lessons that were taught to them by teachers community elders and peers were directly applied in a real-world scenario that resulted in a product the students are proud of. This is the type of educational project that stimulates and excites students while learning about science math government and their culture But now for the best parttesting it out February 21 2014 was one of the coldest days of that year with the temperature averaging -37 degrees Fahrenheit. The team started the fire in the lodge early in the day and around 230 pm the fire burned down well enough to create hot embers and warm the rocks. Once the door was closed the temperature within the lodge jumped up to 72 degrees Fahrenheit throughout the afternoon. Team members that stayed in the lodge overnight said the temperature hovered around a warm 68 degrees all night. urces and tradition PAGE 7 MAZINAIGAN The ceiling of the wiigiwam. Doorway and dried moss insulation. Clay is built up at the base as a moisture seal. Completed bibooni-wiigiwaam. See Culturally responsive education page 10