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TREATY RIGHTS EDUCATION Find us on Facebook Lakes where walleye population estimates were completed in 2016 State County Lake MI Gogebic Cisco MI Gogebic Thousand Island MN Chisago Green MN Chisago Chisago WI Bayfield Siskiwit WI Douglas Lower Eau Claire WI Forest Butternut WI Forest Jungle WI Iron Turtle-Flambeau Flowage WI Oneida Bearskin WI Oneida Buckskin WI Oneida Hasbrook WI Oneida Manson WI Oneida Pelican WI Oneida Squash WI Oneida Squirrel WI Sawyer Teal WI Vilas Horsehead WI Vilas Kentuck WIMI Vilas Lac Vieux Desert WI Vilas Little John WI Vilas Sherman WI Vilas Squaw WI Vilas Star WI Washburn Bass-Patterson Tribes GLIFWC focus on youth treaty rights education Shane Cadottes fillet knife is no ordinary fillet knife. The story goes that Shane and his cousin Richie had decided to go spearing at Bad River Falls a couple years back. When they arrived they realized after fumbling through their backpacks that they had forgotten a fillet knife. Disappointed and wondering how they were going to fillet any fish they started walking down the trail to the falls when Shane happened to glance at the ground where something caught his eye. Approaching the item he was astonished to find that it was a fillet knife tucked in an envelope with an eagle feather sticking out. At the landing Shane took the knife around to other spearfishers seeking to reunite the precious object with its owner. Surely someone had dropped it. No one claimed it. Finally he said I took it to my elder Mike Barbano. You found this on the ground like this he asked. Yes Cadotte replied. Barbano gave the knife back to Cadotte. Thats your knife he said. Cadotte understood. He secured the knife and went out on the water where he speared one of his most successful harvests to date. Cadottes story was one of many stories shared on Friday April 15 at the Birch Hill Community House where Bad River harvesters gathered with youth to tell fish stories talk about treatyrightsandrelivememoriesofbeingyoungAnishinaabe. The gathering was a feast meant to acknowledge and give thanks to the ogaawag that help to feed tribal families. For some who spoke spearfishing has been a part of their livessincetheywereyoung.Butforothersitissomethingthey neverknewasyoungpeopleandarejustnowlearning.Cadotte says he didnt hold a spear in his hand until he was 30 years old. Part of his message to the youth attending the feast was to take advantage of the opportunities that are being presented to them now to learn about Ojibwe culture and lifeways. Its a good thing to learn about when youre young Cadotte said. I didnt learn about it until I was older. When I was younger I was more interested in going to open gym or walking around Odanah. As an older person I was almost too shy to ask for help because I had so much to learn and catch up to. Expanding outreach through partnerships This year alone Bad River has organized several opportunities for youth to learn about treaty rights. In addition to the feast Birch Hill Community House partnered with the Healthy Lifestyles program and the Boys Girls Club to organize a youth event wherein veteran harvesters took kids in 4th-12th grade out spearing. The Bad River Natural Resources Department also planned and hosted By Paula Maday Staff Writer Approximately 300 students from the Chequamegon Bay area attended Bad Rivers Treaty Education Day on April 22 2016. Inset Bad River Youth Drum Medicine Wolf sings an honor song to start Treaty Education Day in a good way. Paula Maday photos a Treaty Education Day at Northern Great Lakes Visitor Center which brought in close to 300 high school students from Chequamegon Bay area schools to learn about treaty rights. That day included educational booths a treaty rights presenta- tion by GLIFWC staff a panel of active harvesters from Bad River and Lac du Flambeau and a youth discussion on strategies for protecting rights and resources for the next seven generations. Ervin Soulier Director of Bad River Natural Resources Department said in his opening remarks that his inspiration for the event came from his experience interviewing tribal members for positions within his department who had little to no knowledge about treaty rights. In 2009 similar concerns spurred GLIFWC in partnership with its member tribesandtheUSForestServicetocreateCampOnji-AkiingattheOttawaNational Forests Environmental Education facility at Camp Nesbit in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan. The five-day annual summer camp aims to prepare a new genera- tion of tribal leaders to protect and preserve natural resources in the treaty-ceded territory. The camp is an impressive mixture of leadership building science and outdoor education traditional ecological knowledge and cultural traditions for tribal youth in grades 5-8. In fact Camp Onji-Akiing was selected as a semi-finalist for Harvard Univer- sitys 2016 Honoring Nations Program a nationally recognized awards program that identifies celebrates and shares outstanding examples of tribal governance. Final awardees will be selected later this year. Tribal leaders from GLIFWCs member tribes were looking to build on the success of Camp Onji-Akiing when they signed a resolution in 2015 supporting additionaleffortstopromoteeducationalleadershipintheareasofnaturalresource management and protection for tribal youth. This has prompted the start of work in surveying tribal youth needs identifying effective and appropriate delivery methods creating new partnerships and researching funding opportunities. Sig- nificant work lies ahead as many youth claim to be in the same boat as Cadotte was as a young person not having consistent exposure to harvesting or cultural activities. This makes the work all the more important. To end his spearfishing stories at the Birch Hill Community House Cadotte gave some special advice to those who had never gone out spearing before about half of those in attendance. Dont give up he said. The first time the first couple times I went out I didnt get anything. I was about to give up but decided to go out one last time. I was on my boat when I thought I saw something out of the corner of my eye. I looked closer at the water and saw between two rocks a walleye looking up at me waiting. It was the most beautiful thing I have ever seen in the natural world. I got to experience that and you can too if you dont give up when things get hard. At GLIFWC we are proud to be undertaking the work of forging a path for tribal youth to become leaders and environmental stewards. Along the way we know the Creator will help us find the tools we need so that our youth can one day look deep into the eyes of a walleye and experience complete harmony with the spirit of Inaakonigewin. MAZINAIGAN PAGE 10 SUMMER 2016