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Mikinaak is on the move Watch out for turtles on Ceded Territory roadways as spring moves into summer. Mother mikinaakwag are looking for high ground to lay their eggs. Others are on the go as part of seasonal migrations between different wetland habitats. Ifpossibleandsafefirstturnonyourvehicleshazardlightswhenpreparing togiveturtlesahandcrossingtheroad.Alwaysmoveturtlesinthedirectionthey are going or theyre likely to turn around and attempt another crossing. Move large snapping turtleslike this oneby holding the rear edge of the shell or back legs. Do not pick them up by the tail. While its temping to examine these fascinating creatures once safely off the roadway less handling is always best. Biologists believe highway mortality is a major factor in turtle declines in the Ceded Territory and across the United States. COR NEWS BRIEFSINLAND FISHERIES Ceded Territory News Briefs Updated Process the Price details mining risks From exploration activity to fully constructed mines interest in mineral development in the Ojibwe Ceded Territory remains high in the 21st Century. To better evaluate the environmental risks associated with metallic mining GLIFWC produced the 76-page publication Metallic Mineral Mining The Process the Price. The full-color booklet includes an overview of mining processesandhighlightslawsandregulationsfromstateprovincialandfederal permitting agencies. PotentialnaturalresourcesdegradationisadirectthreattotheAnishinaabe cultural spiritual and subsistence lifeway. GLIFWCs member tribes take risks to natural resources like water quality very seriously. The Process the Price provides a detailed look into scientific environmental cultural and legal considerations that factor into metallic mineral extraction. For hard copies of the document contact GLIFWC Treaty Resource Specialist Dawn White at 715.685.2131. For a digital copy see www.glifwc.orgpublications pdf2016Process.pdf COR Spring juvenile survey planned for Lake Mille Lacs GLIFWC Fond du Lac Band and Mille Lacs Band will coordinate efforts to conduct a late spring survey at Mille Lacs Lake to measure relative abun- dance of juvenile walleyes. When water temperatures rise to near 60 degrees crews will spend 3-4 nights depending on conditions electrofishing around the entire shoreline of the large walleye lake. During late spring after the adult walleye have finished spawning young walleye move to nearshore habitats to feed. This provides biologists with an opportunity to evaluate the abundance of age one and age two walleye. Results from this survey can be compared to surveys from the fall before the survey and the fall after the survey to evaluate survival of young walleye during criti- cal increments of their early life stages. Because poor juvenile walleye survival has been indicated as a key com- ponent of the Mille Lacs walleye population decline results from this survey will be tracked closely. Mark Luehring World treaty generates hope for climate tribal homelands As native communities across Turtle Island increasingly grapple with negative effects of climate change world leaders formally pledged to lower planet-warming greenhouse gas emissions on April 22. Representatives from some 175 nations signed the Paris Climate Treaty at the United Nations in New York City during an Earth Day ceremony. Native people residing on ancestral homelands are especially vulnerable to the impacts of climate change. During international climate negotiations in Paris last December American Indian tribes from the Pacific Northwest sent representatives to push for a strong agreement that can provide relief for future generations. Ancient communities like the Quinault village Taholah are being uprooted as rising ocean waters breach seawalls and damage homes. Increasing global temperatures have melted vast regions of the Arctic elevating ocean levels across the world. Without action to significantly reduce carbon emissions scientists warn that global temperatures may reach catastrophic levels in the second half of the 21st Century. For more on GLIFWCs work to manage treaty resources in the face of climate change see pp 12-13. COR Sick whitetails No reprieve from chronic wasting disease The distribution of the always-fatal wawashkeshi killer chronic wast- ing disease CWD reached an unsettling milestone after a recent round of testing by the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources. For the 10th con- secutive year CWD infection rates continued to rise in the states wild deer wawashkeshi herd. While the vast majority of diseased deer appear to be located outside the Ceded Territory authorities have identified CWD on northern game farms and in a wild adult doe in Washburn County. Since the infected doe discoveryin an area between St. Croix and Lac Courte Oreilles LCO Reservationsfour years of surveillance and testing on more than 2000 deer have not produced any new positives. Tribes are dependent on deer meat for food said LCO and GLIFWC Chairman Michael J Isham. If those animals are contaminated and we cannot eat them thats a problem. CWD is now present in captive deer and elk farms in Michigan Wiscon- sin and Minnesota. Isham said that too many animals from these high-fenced shooting operations escape into the wild. Since downed timber commonly cre- ates breeches in fences Isham said state regulators should seriously consider requiring treeless buffer zones. COR GLIFWC completes walleye population estimates Assists WDNR with Turtle-Flambeau Flowage walleye survey After an early warm-up winter returned to the upper Midwest and delayedice-outonmanyCededTerri- torywatersuntilmid-April.Whenthe icefinallydidgooutGLIFWCcrews began walleye population estimate work in beautiful spring conditions. Several days with high tempera- turesinthe60sand70sbroughtprime mid-40s water temperatures which drew walleye into nearshore rock cobble and gravel habitats to spawn. GLIFWC inland fisheries crews took advantage of the nice weather and completed walleye population esti- mates on 25 lakes in the 1837 and 1842 Ceded Territory of Wisconsin Michigan and Minnesota. One of the main highlights of the season was the joint survey effort led by the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources WDNR on Turtle-Flambeau Flowage which was last surveyed in 2009. With 13545sprawlingacresand211miles of winding shoreline the Turtle- Flambeau Flowage provides good walleyeharvestopportunityfortribal members and a very popular angling opportunity for state harvesters. GLIFWC crews helped out by electrofishing about 20 miles of shoreline on the recapture portion of the survey. In addition to the walleye population estimate WDNR will be conducting a survey of angling effort and harvest from May 2016 through the 2016-2017 ice fishing season. Results of the spring population esti- mates will be finalized prior to August. For a complete list of GLIFWC walleye survey lakes see page 10. By Mark Luehring GLIFWC Inland Fisheries Biologist Asaawe. Ed White photo PAGE 3 MAZINAIGANSUMMER 2016