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PublishedbytheGreatLakesIndianFishWildlifeCommission2014MazinaiganSupplementGanawendanGinibiiminaanTakingCareofOurWaterBoozhoohelloMynameisTommySky.IamelevenyearsoldandIliveontheBadRiverReservationinnorthernWisconsin.Ilivewithmysistermymomandmydad.WecallourselvesAnishinaabeah-nish-ih-nah-baymeaningtheoriginalpeople.SomepeoplealsocallustheChippewaorOjibwe.InOjibwemyreservationiscalledMashkiziibiiwhichmeansWetlandMedicineRiver.ExploringawatershedwithTommySkyMapbyEstebanChiribogaGreatLakesIndianFishWildlifeCommissionGeographicInformationSystemsmappingspecialist. MAZINAIGANSUPPLEMENTPAGE22014MyfamilyandIspendalotoftimeoutside.Weliketodothingslikehuntingwaawaashkeshideerfishingogaawalleyecampingandgatheringmanoo-minwildricetogether.Ireallylikedoingthesethingswithmyfamilybutmyfavoriteactivityisfishing.WhatisyourfavoriteoutdooractivityIamprettyexcitedbecauseitisalmostsummer.ThereisnoschoolandIgettoplayinnibiwaterwithmyfamilyandfriends.TherearesomanylakesriversandstreamswhereIlive.GichigamiLakeSuperiorismyfavorite.Itissobig.MyfavoriteriverisMashkiigong-ziibiitheBadRiver.Itflowsrightbymyhouse.IspendalotoftimebytheBadRiverwithmyfriends.Mydadusuallycomestowatchus.SummerisalsowhenIgettospendtimewithmygrandparents.Theytakecareofmewhenmomanddadareatwork.Ireallylikespendingtimewithmymishomisgrandfatherandnookomisgrandmother.Ilovehearingstoriesaboutwhentheyweremyage.Theyhadtoworkhardandevencarryalltheirwaterfromawellwhentheywereyoung.DoyourgrandparentsorfamilymemberstellyougoodstoriesMyfavoritestoryisonemynookomisgrandmothertoldme.Itisthestoryaboutthejourneyofaraindrop.ThestoryisreallyabouttheimportanceofwatertotheOjibwepeople.IntheOjibweculturewomenareconsideredtobeKeepersoftheWater.Itstheirjobtoprotectthewaterandkeepitclean.Shetellsmethatweneedtorespectourwatershed.DoyouknowwhatawatershedisNookomisshowedmeonamapthatallwaterinthearealeadstomyfavoritelakeGichigamimeaninggreatwaterseefrontcovermap.Shesaidthatourwatershedisshapedlikeagreatbigbowl.Allnibikaan-ingwaterwaysandeverythingtheycarryleadsintoGichigami.Shetoldmethatthequalityofourlivesdependsonthequalityofthewaterswherewelive.Nookomissaidthatweneedtomakesurethateverylittleraindropthatcomesdownfromtheskyandflowsfromthelittlestreamshigh-upinthePenokeeHillsbringscleanwaterasittravelsdownhillandthroughourreservationintoLakeSuperior.Watershesaidisthesourceoflife.Allanimalsplantsandpeoplelikemyfamilyneedcleanwatertosurvive.Itriedtoimaginewhatourreservationwouldbelikewithoutanywater.Icouldntthinkoflifewithoutfishingswimmingorseeingallofthedifferentkindsofanimals.Ibegantounderstandwhycleanwaterissoimportant.In2011WaterwalkerscamecarryingwaterfromfourdirectionsandarrivedontheshoresofLakeSuperior.Waterwalkerscallattentiontotheneedtorespectourwaterandkeepitclean.HelpRainytheraindropfindherwaytothelake.MyfriendJacksoncaughtanicebass. PAGE3MAZINAIGANSUPPLEMENT2014MashkiikiiZaagaiganCarolineLakeLoonsmaangwag.PhotobyTravisNovitskyOnedaymymishomistookmeouttothinkmoreaboutthejourneyoftheraindrop.FirstwewenthighupintothePenokeeHillsthatsurroundpartofourreservation.Thisiswherewaterstartsitsjourneydownthroughthewater-shed.WestoppedatCarolineLakewheretheBadRiverbegins.Heusedtofishwithhisdadatthislake.HelearnedeverythingheknowsaboutfishingfromhisdadthoughsomeofhisstoriesareprobablywhoppersAtCarolineLakewecaughtgiigoonhfishthatwewouldsharewithourfamilyandeatfordinner.Wealsosawawazhashkmuskrattwomaangwagloonsandawaawaashkeshideer.WhilewewerefishingIaskedgrandfatheraboutaminethatmightbebuiltclosetoCaro-lineLake.Iheardmymomanddadtalkingaboutitonedayandtheyseemedworried.MymishomistoldmethataminecouldbebuiltveryclosetoCarolineLake.Hetoldmethattheminecouldpollutethewaterthatrunsdownfromthehillsandthiswouldnotbegoodfortheanimalsandpeoplewholiveinthewatershed.Theanimalsthefishandpeopleallneedcleanwatertosurviveonthereservation.Muskratwazhashk.ReprintedfromWikipediaGichigamiloonsnibikaaningCarolineLakeogaamuskratmanoominLakeSuperiorwazhashkwaterwaysmaangwagwalleyegiigoonhdeerwaawaashkeshiwildriceMashkiikiiZaagaiganfishOjibwelanguagereviewLetsseeifyoucanremembertheOjibwewordsyouhavelearned.Drawalinetothematchingwords.Deerwaawaashkeshi.PhotobyTravisNovitskyAnswersonpage12. MAZINAIGANSUPPLEMENTPAGE42014ThebabyBadRiverrushesdownthePenokeeHillstojointheBadRiver.AsweleftCarolineLakewesawthebabyBadRiveralsoknownastheUpperBadRiverflowingoutonitswaytoGichigamiandmymisho-mistoldmethatwaterflowsandgrowsasotherriversjoinit.Heex-plainedhowthebabyBadsupportsthebigBadRiverbyflowingintoitandhelpingitgrow.FindtheUpperBadRiveronthemaponthecoverFuthermorehesaideveryrain-dropisimportant.Whenoneraindropispolluteditcouldflowtothenextwatersourceandpollutethataswell.Therearemanysourcesofpollution.Someofitevencomesfromdirtyairmygrandfathertoldme.WaynaboozhooandtheGreatFloodAdaptedfromTheMishomisBookbyEdwardBenton-BanaiLongagotheworldwasfilledwithevil.Menandwomenlostrespectforeachother.TheCreatorGitchieManitowasunhappyaboutthisanddecidedtocauseagreatfloodtopurifytheearth.Waynaboozhoowastheonlypersonwhosurvivedalongwiththeanimals.Afterfloatingaroundonalogformanydays.WaynaboozhoodivedintothewaterandattemptedtograbahandfulofEarthtohelpcreateanewworld.Thewaterwastoodeepforhimandhecouldnotmakeittothebottom.Maangloonthentriedtoswimdowntothebottomandgrabsomeofthemud.Sadlymaangcouldnotswimallthewaydown.ThenexttotrywasZhing-gi-bisthehelldiver.Hewasgonealongtimeandsaidhealsocouldnotreachthebottom.Zhon-gwayzhtheminkthentriedbutcouldnotmakeit.Ni-gigtheotterandMi-zhee-kaytheturtlealsotriedunsuccessfully.Thenthelittlewa-zhushkmuskratsaidhewouldtry.Waynaboozhooandtheotheranimalsdidntthinkhecoulddoitbutlethimtryanyway.AfterwaitingforalongtimewazhashkfinallyfloateduptothesurfacewhereWaynaboozhoograbbedhimandrealizedhewasdead.Butwithhimhebroughtupahandfulofmudfromtheoldearth.WaynaboozhootookthemudfrommuskratspawandplaceditonthestrongshellofMi-zhee-kay.Thewindsfromallfourdirectionsblewandblewandstretchedthemudthatwasonturtlesback.Theearthgrewandgrewuntilitformedanmi-ni-siislandinthewater.Waynaboozhoothensangasongandtheanimalsdancedinacircleontheislandasitcontinuedtogrow.Finallythewindsstoppedblowingandthewaterbecamestill.Ahugeislandsatinthemiddleofthegreatwater.Sincewazhashksacrificedhislifetocreatethenewworldhehasforeversincehadgreathonoramongtheanimals.Waynaboozhoodecidedthatbecausemikinakheldthenewearthonhisbackthathewouldbeabletoliveinbothworldslandandwater. PAGE5MAZINAIGANSUPPLEMENT2014MashkiiziibiiBaawitgongColorthepicturesfromtheGreatFloodstory.ReprintedwithpermissionbyEdwardBenton-BanaiThelowerBadRiverFallswheremanyofourwildfriendslive.ForournextstopontheraindropjourneymymishomistookmetoBadRiverFallsandtoldmeaboutspearfish-ingherewhenhewasmyage.HewouldgooutwithhisfatherandgrandfatherlikeIdoandstandintherapidswatchingforfish.MishomisandIwentthereandwalkedaround.Thisiswherethelittleraindropispartofarushingriverrollingdownstream.Itmingleswithmillionsofotherraindropsandracesoverrocks.HetoldmeaboutonedaywhenhisdadandhewerespearfishingheretheysawahugeogaawalleyeinthewaterbutbeforetheycouldspearititswamawayIhopesomedayIcancatchareallybigfish.ThatwayIcouldfeedmywholefamilyNookomishadpackedanicepicniclunchsowesatonthebanksoftheriverandateoursandwichesbutwewerecarefultotakeourgarbagewithus.IamnotgoingtothrowgarbageintheriverGrandfatherremindedmeofthewildanimalswesawearlierwaawaasheshkideermaangloonandwazhashkmuskratandhowtheyallusethewater.Ifthewaterispoisonedthentheymightnotbeabletolivehereanymore.ThismademethinkabouthowmuchIlovetheseanimalsandhowimportantthenibiwateristothem.Healsotoldmeaboutthewatersongthatmygrandmothersings.Ineverknewwhatthesongwasforbutnowthewordsmakemoresense.Thesongisabouthowweneedtolovethewaterandtakecareofitforeveryone.ItcallswaterthebloodofMotherEarth.BadRiverFalls MAZINAIGANSUPPLEMENTPAGE62014OgaakaagaangBiitooshkoAfteralongdaytogethermymishomisde-cidedtostopbytheKakagonSloughstoseehowthemanoominwildricewasgrowing.ThisisatthebottomofthewatershedwheretheraindropisalmostreadytoenterGichigami.Hereiswhereourmanoomingrows.Hesaidthatthericehereripensfirstsothisiswherepeoplestartharvestingthericeinearlyfall.MymishomissaidthatheusedtogoricingwithhisfatheranduncleattheKakagonSloughs.Whenhewasakidhewouldsitinthecanoeandhisfatherwouldpushthemthroughthewaterwithalongpole.Thenhisunclewouldusestickscalledknockerstogatherthericeintothecanoe.Wedothesametoday.NowthatsoundslikehardworkAnditis.Grandfathertaughtmehowlastyear.Butitisworthitbecausemanoominisoneofmyfa-voritefoods.Sometimesmynookomiscooksitandsweetensitup.Shecallsthisglorifiedwildrice.ItishersecretfamilyrecipebutshesaidIcouldshareitwithyouseepage7.Iloveitthatway.YoushouldtryitMymishomistoldmethatmanoominisverysensitivetochangesinthewater.Hesaidthatpollutedrun-offfromaminecouldbeharmfultothericebeds.Mishomistoldmethattherearealotofwaysthatthewatercouldbeharmed.Hesaidthatclimatechangecanalsoharmthericebeds.Climatechangeiswhentheearthgetshotterorcolder.Whenpeoplepollutetheairthatcancauseclimatechange.LearninghowtoriceatBadRiver.Lastyearsomeofourtribesricerstookthetimetoteachyouthhowtorice.Itlookseasybutitisnot.Youwanttouseacanoesoitcanslipeasilythroughthericebedswithouthurtingthericeandcanoesaretippy.Soyouhavetobecarefulstandingbacktherepolingthecanoeandyouhavetobestrong.Weweretaughttobeverycarefulknockingthericetojustbenditgentlywithoneofourriceknockersandtapitgentlyintothecanoe.YoudontwanttosmashorbreaktheplantorwastethericeWealsohelpedremovecattailsfromthericebedsintheKakagonSloughs.Thereisanewkindofcattailthatisntsupposedtobethere.Ithaspushedoutourriceplants.Ithinktheycallitaninvasiveplant.Wellthoseallhavetobepulledupbyhandsowehadtoreallyworkhardforseveraldaystryingtogetridofthoseinvaders.Ifwedidntourmanoominbedswouldnolongerbethere.CanoeCattailGatherKakagonKnockersManoominOjibwePoleRicersSloughWaterWildRiceEONACTCVNyWATERRJDIASREKCONKMRAQELOPNROCWILDRICEOANOGAKAKHNTOOPCNPATATOJIBWELAMASRECIRCGKIWBSLOUGHULWildricewordsearch PAGE7MAZINAIGANSUPPLEMENT2014NookomissGlorifiedWildRice2cupscookedwildrice2cupsdrainedcrushedpineapple1cupminiaturemarshmallowscupgrapesMixallingredientstogetherandchillforatleasttwohours.Beforeservingfoldin1cupwhippedcreamorcoolwhipandserve.Servesabout10people.MaysubstituteMaraschinocherriesforthegrapesaashanKakagonSloughsBesideswildricefishinthelakesandriverscanbehurt.OurtribecaresalotaboutthefishintheBadRiverandinLakeSuperior.IknowbecauseIvisitedourtribalhatcherylastspring.Theyraisemillionsofbabywalleyesthere.Isawalltheeggsinspecialjarswithwatergoingthroughandthenwesawgreatbigpondswherethebabiescalledfryareplacedtogrowbeforebeingputbackintotheriver.Mypeoplehavealwayseatenwildriceandfish.Thosearepartofeveryfeastandcel-ebration.Ifourfisharesickenedwithpollutionorbecausethewatergetstoowarmthenwecouldnoteatthemanymore.WalleyeeggsarehatchedinBelljars.ThebabyfryareraisedinbigpondstobefngerlingsthenremovedwithseinenetstobestockedbackintotheBadRiverandLakeSuperior.HelpthewalleyefingerlingsfindtheirwaytoGichigami MAZINAIGANSUPPLEMENTPAGE82014GichigamiLakeSuperiorSandybeachalongtheshoresofLakeSuperior.NibicrosswordpuzzleACROSS2.Ojibwewordforsh.3.Whatisthefoodthatgrowsonthewater5.WhotoldTommyaboutmercuryandpollutantsinourwaterDOWN1.OjibwewordforLakeSuperior.4.WhotoldTommyabouttheKeepersofthewaterFunfactsaboutGichigami1.Itisthelargestfreshwaterlakeintheworldbysurfacearea.2.ItisthecoldestdeepestandhighestinelevationofanyoftheGreatLakes.3.Weatherandclimateofthesurroundingareasaremoderatedbythelakewinteriswarmerandsummersarecooler.4.Over300streamsandriversemptyintoLakeSuperiorwiththelargestsourcebeingtheNipigonRiverinCanada.5.LakeSuperiorcontains10ofalltheearthsfreshsurfacewaterthatisnotfrozeninaglacieroricecap.6.LakeSuperiorisabout10000yearsold.7.LakeSuperiorcontainsasmuchwaterasalltheotherGreatLakescombinedeventhrowingintwoextraLakeEries.8.TheLakeSuperiorshorelineifstraightenedoutcouldconnectDuluthMinnesotaandtheBahamaIslands.NextmymishomisandIstoppedbyGichigamionthewayhome.Ilovebeingonmyfavoritelake.OurpeoplecallitGichigamiwhichmeansGreatWater.IalwaysliketolookacrossandseeMooningwanekaaningMadelineIsland.MadelineIslandisoneoftheoriginalplacesthattheOjibwepeoplelivedandstillisasacredplacetoday.Theycametherelookingforthefoodthatgrowsonthewaterwhichiswildrice.GrandfatherstatedthatallwaterthatwesawinthewatershedtodayflowsintoGichigami.Weneedtoprotectitandkeepitclean.IrememberoverhearingmyfriendsdadwhoisagreatfishermanonLakeSuperiortalkaboutsomethingcalledmercury.Ihadnoideawhatmercurywasorwhyitwasinthelake.Iaskedmygrandfatherwhatitwas.Hetoldmethatmercuryisoneoftheharmfulmaterialsthatcouldcomefromminingandothersourceslikebigsmokestacks.Mercuryinourwaterscanhurtthefishthatliveinthosewatersandmakethemunsafeforustoeat.Hesaidifpeopleeatfishwithlotsofmercuryinthemtheycangetreallysick.Itisimportantwhenfishingtoreadwarn-ingsignsaboutfishwithmercury.Hewalkedmetoasignandwesawamapshowingtheamountofmercuryinthelakes.Toprotectourselvesweneedtoprotectourwaters.MishomistoldmethatourpeopletheAnishinaabeah-nish-ih-nah-bayneedcleanwatertofishricehuntandgatherfortodayandmanyyearstocome.Heagaintoldmehowimportantitisthateveryraindropispurebecauseitgivesusandeverythingarounduslife.MydaywithmymishomisandnookomiswasreallyfunandIlearnedalotYoushouldalwaystaketheopportunitytospendadaywithyourgrandparentsoranyotherfamilymembers.fforever.2345KayakersenjoyabreakonaLakeSuperiorbeach.1 PAGE9MAZINAIGANSUPPLEMENT2014EverybodylivesinawatershedIhaveshownyouaroundtheBadRiverwatershedbuteverybodylivesinawa-tershedsomewhere.Thatswhyitsimportantforallofustotakecarehowwetreatourwater.Youmayliveinacityandnotbyariverlikemebutyouusewaterinyourhouseandrainwaterrunsthroughyourstreetsandflowsdownstormdrains.Sometimesifweusechemicalsliketocleanourcarsorsprayourlawnsthosechemicalscanrunintothestreetandgodownthestormdrainpollutingourgroundwater.SoweallhavetotakecareofourwaterWetlandsvs.WatershedWhatisawetlandWetlandsarelow-lyingareasbetweendrylandandaquaticsystemssuchasriverslakesoroceans.Oncethoughttobeuselesswetlandsreallydomanyimportantthingssuchasholdingextrafloodwaterpurifyingwaterandgivingplantsandanimalsaplacetolive.WhatsthedifferencebetweenawetlandandawatershedWellyoureprobablynotsittinginawet-landrightnowbutyouredefinitelysittinginawatershed.AwatershedisanareathatdrainstoacommonwaterwaylikeacreekorstreamwhichthendrainstoalargerbodyofwaterlikeLakeSuperior.Wetlandsprovidealinkbetweenwatershedandwater.Wetlandsfilterthewaterrunningintothestreamriveroroceancleaningitoftoxinsthatcouldcausepollutioninmajorwaterways.Asyoucolorthepictureseeifyoucannametheseplantsandanimalsbymatchingthenumbertothecorrectnamebelow.____sandpiper____turtle____waterlily____frog____raccoon____baldeagle____egret____dragonfy____duck____snail____minnow____bluegill____redwinged____greatblueblackbirdheronCircle11thingsthatarewrongwiththispicture.EveryoneneedstodotheirparttokeepGichigamiclean.12WhoLivesinaWetlandactivityandtextreprintedfromSouthwestFloridaWaterManagementDistrictandHowStuffWorks. MAZINAIGANSUPPLEMENTPAGE102014TipstocarefornibiAftermydaywithmygrandfatherandalltheplaceswehavebeenIrealizedtheimportanceofprotectingthewholewatershed.Icannowimaginearaindropflowingthroughoutthesenibikaaningwaterways.Iunderstandhowthewaterqualitycanaffecttheanimalsplantsandevenpeoplelikeme.Inowbelievethatthequalityofourlivesdependsonthequalityofthewaters.Iwilltryhardto1.Helpcleanuptheriversandlakes.Pickupanygarbageyouseeonthegroundhelpremoveinvasivespeciesandalwaysmakesureyoudontleavetrashwhereveryougo.5.Respectthewateraroundyougivethanksthatitisthereforyou.4.Carryyourownreusablewaterbottleratherthanbuyinganewoneeverywhereyougo.uselesswaterandkeepthewaterclean.IwillfollowtheSevenValuesmynokomistaughtmeandthattheOjibwehavefollowedforever.Thosevaluesincludewisdomloverespectbraveryhonestyhumilityandtruth.WhenItoldnokomisaboutmydaysheremindedmethatwomenarethekeepersofthewater.Herearesometipsthatmyno-komisandIcameupwithtohelptakecareofthewater.3.Turnthewateroffwhenyouarebrushingyourteeth.2.Donotfushanythingdownthetoiletthatdoesnotbelongthere. PAGE11MAZINAIGANSUPPLEMENT2014Therearemanywaystotakecareofourwater.Onewayistohonorandrespectthewaterwithawaterceremonyinthespringlikesomeofourwomendoeachyear.Wealsostudythewater.Lastsummeryouthhelpedwithsomeofthewaterstudiestakingsamplesofwaterfortestingandmakingalistofwhatwefoundinthewater.Wealsotookthewaterstemperature.Thatscalledgettingbaselinedata.Ilearnedthatwhenwewereouthelping.TheGichigamiwatershedTheGichigamiwatershedishugeseemapMywatershedtheBadRiverwatershedisjustonesmallwatershedthatispartoftheLakeSuperiorwatershed.Over300streamsandriversemptyintothebiglakefromboththeUnitedStatesandCanada.GichigamiistheworldslargestfreshwaterlakeItalsohas10percentoftheworldsfreshsurfacewater.ThesearethingsmyNookomistoldmeaboutthebiglakeandbecauseitissuchanimportantresourcewemustrespectthelakeandalwaystakecaretokeepherwatersclean.ThatmeansallofuswholiveinwatershedsthatemptyintoGichigamimustkeepthatwatercleantooCanyoufndtheBadRiverwatershedonthemapLookforaplacecalledOdanah. MAZINAIGANSUPPLEMENTPAGE122014SupplementCreditsTextCarlySniderandKellyHolmesUW-MadisonBadRiverCapstoneStudentsNelsonInstituteSueEricksonMazinaiganStaffEditingSueEricksonLynnPlucinskiMazinaiganStaffJessieConawayUW-MadisonInstructorNelsonInstitutePhotographyBadRiverYouthOutdoorswithJessieConawayGLIFWCStaffArtworkEvaPrattTommySkydrawingWesleyBallingerEmilyNelisbiskakoneJohnsonfloralsLayoutCarlySniderKellyHolmesLynnPlucinskiMazinaiganTalkingPaperisaquarterlypublicationoftheGreatLakesIndianFishWildlifeCommissionGLIFWCwhichrepresentselevenOjibwetribesinMichiganMinnesotaandWisconsin.Additionalcopiesofthissupplementcanbeorderedonlineatglifwc.orgbyemaillynnglifwc.orgbyphone715685-2150orbymailGLIFWCP.OBox9OdanahWI54681.Onecopyofthissupplementisfree.Additionalcopieswillbe30eachpluspostage.WhathaveyoulearnedSeeyoulaterThankyouforlisteningtomystories.IhopeyoucomebacknexttimeAnswertocrosswordpuzzleonpage8Across2.giigoonh3.manoomin5.mishomis1.WhatistheOjibwenameforTommySkysfavoritelake2.WheredoestheBadRiverbegin3.WhataretheanimalsthatTommyandhismishomissawinthewatershed4.WhatdoestheOjibwewordnibikaaningmean5.WhataresomeofthethreatstowaterthatTommysMishomistoldhimabout6.Whatlandareasflterwaterinawatershed7.WhatwatersheddoesTommySkyliveinDoyouknowwhatwatershedyouliveinIfnotyoucanfindoutbygoingtocfpub.epa.govsurflocateindex.cfm.1sandpiper13minnow8dragony3waterlily5redwingedblackbird10snail4raccoon2turtle14bluegill11egret9frog7greatblueheron6duck12baldeagleLetsseewhatyouhavelearnedpage121.Gichigami2.CarolineLake3.giigoonhfshwazhashkmuskratmaangwagloonsandwaawaashkeshideer4.waterways5.mercuryminingpollution6.wetlands7.BadRiverwatershedWholivesinawetlandpage9MenawaaGigawaabaminWhatswrongwiththepicturepage9Ojibwelanguagereviewpage3gichigamiloonsnibikaaningCarolineLakeogaamuskratmanoominLakeSuperiorwazhashkwaterwaysmaangwagwalleyegiigoonhdeerwaawaashkeshiwildriceMashkiikiiZaagaiganfishDown1.gichigami4.nookomis