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PublishedbytheGreatLakesIndianFishWildlifeCommissionWinter20142015TreatynighthuntstillunresolvedChicagoIl.Adecisionaboutwhethertribeswillbeabletoengageinoff-reservationtreatynighthuntingfordeerisbackinthehandsoftheFederalDistrictCourtWesternDistrict.OnOctober92014theSeventhCircuitCourtofAppealsreversedJudgeBarbaraCrabbsdecisionlatein2013denyingthetribesrequesttoallownighthuntingandremandeditbacktohercourtforfurtherconsideration.TheSeventhCircuitdeterminedthattheevidencepresentedbythetribesshowedthatnighthuntingfordeerinthecededterritoryisunlikelytocre-ateasafetyproblembutleftthepossibilityopenthatthelowercourtmaywishtohearadditionalevidence.Thispartofthecasebeganin2012whentheStateofWisconsinfiledamotiontoconfirmthenighthuntingprohibitionwhilealmostsimultaneouslythesixplaintiffOjibwetribesLacCourteOreillesLacduFlambeauSokaogonRedCliffBadRiverandSt.CroixsoughtaninjunctiontopreventthestateofWisconsinfromenforcingitsnighthuntinglawsagainstthetribes.Thetribesclaimedtherewasnobiologicalbasisforpreventingnighthuntingandbelievedsafetyissueswerefullyaddressedbyrequiringadditionalsafetyproceduresincludinganadvancedsafetyclassmarksmanshiptestingandashootingplanwithafiringzonedesignation.Atthetrialin2013thetribespointedouttotheCourtthatnighthuntingofwolveshadbeenlegislativelyapprovedforthestatewolfhuntandthestatehadusednighthuntingtocontrolchronicwastingdiseaseCWDincertainareas.Nighthuntingofwolveswassubse-quentlymadeillegalbythestatein2013.InaDecember132013rulingJudgeCrabbdeniedthetribesmotionforreliefstatingcircumstanceshadnotsignificantlychangedsincetheoriginal1991rulingsotherewouldbenoreasontorevisitthedecision.Herdecisionatthetimefocusedonpublicsafetyissues.ThetribesappealedJudgeCrabbsdecisionandahearingwassetforSeptember162013beforetheSeventhCircuitCourtofAppealsinChicagowheresafetyissuesdominatedthediscussion.InitsdecisionissuedonOctober92014theSeventhCircuitdismissedthestatesargumentthatnightdeerhuntingisinherentlyunsafeandemphasizedtheimportanceoftreatyrightstothetribes.TheSeventhCircuitreturnedthecasebacktoJudgeCrabbDistrictCourtWesternDistrictwithinstructionsonhowtofurtherproceed.AtthistimethetribeswaitforfurtherdirectionfromtheDistrictCourt.TheStatehasnotasyetannouncedwhetheritwillappealthedecision.Thetribesoff-reservationnighthuntingruleswillnotbeimplementeduntilthelitigationisresolved.BySueEricksonStaffWriterPAGE1MAZINAIGANWINTER2014-2015BalsamApracticalspiritualresourceOdanahWis.TomanythatcelebrateChristmastheiconicfigurethatbalsamcreatesinthemindsymbol-izescheerandholidayspirit.Forsomethemagicalbalsamfirlendsitsboughsforalittleextraspendingcasharoundtheholidays.Howeverforaselectfewpeoplethetreeisamedicinecupboardforaplethoraofailmentsandtraditionaluses.BalsamfirisaconiferousspeciesofcoldclimatetreethatgrowsquitewellinthenorthernhemisphereespeciallynorthernWisconsin.Itsprivytomois-turedrivensoilandhumidity.Thereforebogsandwetlandsprovideyearroundhabitatforthefirwhichwillgrowinconjunctionwithspruceandtamarack.TribalharvesterandLCOtribalmemberTonyPricepicksbalsamforavarietyofreasons.Tonyhasbeenhar-vestingforover20yearsandnotonlydoeshesellthebalsambythepoundheandhisfamilyalsomakewreathes.Theyhavebeenmakingwreathesforyearsandheseesitashisjobtokeepthetraditionalive.Tonymakesalotofcrosswreathesforthosewhohavepassedontothespiritworld.HereminiscesTherearealotofdeathsduetodrinkinganddrivingandIputthesecrosswreathesatthesiteoftheseaccidentstohonorthosethathavepassedonandtoremindouryouthandcommunitymemberstostaydrugandalcoholfree.Tonyleadsthewaythroughathicklowlandforestandfindsaharvestabletreealmostimmediately.ArmedwithjustapairofgloveshesaysSomepeopleusefancyequipmentorclippersbutwejustuseourhandssothatwefeelthetreeandknowwheretotakethebranch.Ifyouclipthebranchtooclosethetreemightdie.StevenGarskeGLIFWCforestpestprojectcoordinatorremindshar-vesterstocollectboughsinasustainablemanner.HeadvisesRemoveboughsfromthelowerhalfofthetree.Whentheendsofthebranchareremovedthetwigbehindthecutareawillbegintogenerateanewbranchwithinthenext5-6years.Garskealsoexplainsthatwildbalsamgrowinginthemiddleofthewoodswillphotosynthesizelessthereforeaffectingtheirabilitytoregenerateatafasterrate.InacompilationofinterviewsentitledBalsamFirandBurnsMDSaraWarberinterviewsanelderfromtheLeelanaupeninsulaofMichiganknownasKeewaydinoquay.Keewaydinoquayspeaksaboutherchildhoodandastoryrelatingtobalsam.SherecognizesthetreeasNimisse.NimisseintheOjjibwelanguagetranslatesintoelderByDylanJenningsGLIFWCPIOLTEPriortothenighthunthearingattheUS7thCircuitCourtofAppealsinChicagotribalattorneysandrepresentativesgatheredforaceremony.PicturedfromtheleftareEricArnoldBadRivertribalattorneyJamesZornGLIFWCexecutiveadministratorHowardBichlerSt.CroixtribalattorneyDavidUjkeRedClifftribalattorneyPhilomenaKebecGLIFWCpolicyanalystCourtneyAllensworthLacCourteOreillestribalattorneyColetteRoutelleadattorneyrepresentingLacduFlambeauMicIshamLacCourteOreillestribalchairmanKekekJasonStarkLacCourteOreillestribalattorneyandScottSmithLacduFlambeauVoigtIntertribalTaskForcerepresentative.photobyDylanJenningsBalsamgathererTonyPriceLCOandhisfamilysellbalsamandalsomakecrosswreaths.photobyDylanJenningsSeeBalsampage10 WAAWAASHKESHIEABLastyearthearrivaloftheemeraldashborerEABinWisconsinsDouglasCountywasthenews.Thisyearthevoraciousash-destroyingpestarrivedinOneidaCounty.FoundonpublicpropertyinRhinelanderthisfallthecritterwasdetectedononeofthepurpletrapsdesignedtonabEAB.InresponsetothendingOneidaCountyhasbeenplacedunderquarantine.ThequarantinemakesitillegaltomoveashashmaterialandhardwoodrewoodoutofthequarantinedareawithoutacomplianceagreementissuedbyWisconsinDepartmentofAgricultureTradeandConsumerProtection.WhilemovementofashashmaterialsandhardwoodrewoodintoorwithinthequarantinedareaisallowedtheWDNRbelievesthatoverallrewoodmovementisabadideabecauserewoodinadvertentlycarriesnumerousforestpeststhatmayinfecttreesatthedestinationpoint.COREABarrivesinOneidaCountyFirewoodisoftentheculpritRedCliffReservationWis.Itsacrispautumnday.Leavesswirlaroundthetreesasiftheyaredancingtoagoodpowwowsong.FalltimenetsarebeingsetinsomelakesandthehuntersbegintopreparejustasNimamaAkiMotherEarthandallofcreationprepareforthewarmblanketsofsnowtocome.OnOctober20th2014tribalmembersandeldersfrommanyOjibwebandsgatheredatMiskwaabikaangRedCliffandsharedadayoflaughterwisdomandmemories.RedClifftribalmembersMarvinDefoeandBrianBainbridgeweretwoleaderswhoresolutelymovedtheeventfromanideatotherealdeal.Afewmonthsearlierinahuntingregulationmeet-ingwithGLIFWCWildlifeSectionLeaderJonGilbertthegroupbegantoveerintooldtimestoriesofhuntingandthejoythatcamewithtellingthesestories.MarvinDefoesuggestedthatitwouldbeagoodideatogetagroupofeldersfromallthebandsofOjibweandhavethemsitinarelaxedenvironmentandtelloldtimestories.JonGilbertproceededtoorganizeandsetuptheeventinagoodwaywithasemaabeingbroughttoeldersandcommunitymembers.Over40peoplewereinattendancerepresentingseventribes.Eldersandcommunitymemberssharedfirsthuntstorieswithrelativesmanytimeswithhumor.BadRiverelderJoeRoserecalledhisfirsttimehuntingwithhisgrandfather.Igrewupinatimeofkerosenelampsandwoodheat.Whenwegotourdeerorbearweskinnedthemoutandthenwehungthemintheshed.Wedidnthaverefrigeratorsorelec-tricity.Lifewithoutelectricitywouldbesubstantiallydifficultformanypeoplenowadays.ThecommoditiesandluxuriesthatelectricityprovidesareoftentakenSt.CroixelderCarmenButlershareshisstoryatGiiwoseDibaajimowinan.photobyDylanJenningsGaryKemoKmieciktellsafunnyhuntingstorylightinguptheroomwithlaughter.photobyDylanJenningsforgranted.Manyoftheeldershavelivedtoseethevastchangesinsocietyjustoveraspanof70years.Othersreminiscedontheimportanceofsubsistenceandtakingcareoftheresources.St.CroixtribalelderCarmenButlerrecalledsomeofthethingshisteacherstaughthim.Wetakewhatweneedandweusewhatweneed.Wedontwastethingsweuseeverything.JustliketheCreatorhegivesuswhatweneedandsometimesnotwhatwewant.WeareAnishinaabeandtheCreatorgaveushuntingfishingandallthosethingsweweresupposedtodo.ForsometheeventwasatimetotalkaboutthethingsthatcanbedonetopreserveAnishinaabewaysoflife.ForExampleBayMillselderBuckoTeeporememberedThatswherethosedeerwillbejustafterdarkinthosemushroompatches.ItakeituponmyselfwhenayoungguywantstoknowItakethemthroughthatwholeprocessyouhonorthatdeerwithtobaccobeforeyouleaveandwhenyoutakehim.Itrytoteachyoungpeopleaboutthemoldstylewaysofsharing.Sharingseemedtobeastrongmotifforgiiwosedibaajimowinan.Thesharingofstoriesthesharingoflaughterandthesharingofwawaashkeshiideerwasgoodmedicine.Thestoriesrecollectedbytheeldersarefarandfewnowadays.Abigchimiigwechtotheonesthatmadetheeventpossibleandtotheeldersandcommunitymembersthatcameandsharedalittlebitofwisdomwitheverystory.Takingpartinthe2014off-reservationdeerhuntisKyleOjaBadRiverwhowasabletobringhomesomemeatforthedinnertable.AsofNovember42014tribeshaveharvested425deerintheWisconsinMichiganandMinnesota1837and1842cededterritories.Theoff-reservationtreatybearharvestasofNovember42014totals39.photobyDylanJenningsMAZINAIGANPAGE2WINTER2014-2015GiiwosedibaajimowinanHunterstoriesByDylanJenningsGLIFWCPIOLTE MAIINGANOnthecoverOfalltheseacaveslocatedaroundtheApostleIslandsandRedCliffreservationthemostextensivegroupislocatedontheWisconsinmainlandeastofCornucopia.InbiboonaseriesofnaturalspringsjoinintermittentsnowmeltandwaterfromLakeSuperiortocreateremarkableicesculptures.photobyKeithRolofWisconsinitesseemtobeo.k.withthepresenceofbrothermaiinganwolfaccordingtotheresultsofanextensivesocialsurveymeasuringWisconsinsattitudestowardswolvesandwolfmanagement.ThesurveyindicatesmoreofthestatescitizensviewwolvesfavorablythannotandarewillingtotoleratethespeciespresenceatlevelsconsiderablyhigherthantheWisconsinscurrentwolfmanagementgoalof350wolves.ReleasedinAugust2014bytheWisconsinDepartmentofNaturalResourcesWDNRthePublicAttitudestowardWolvesandWolfManagementinWis-consinstudymeasuresattitudesofresidentsbothwithinandbeyondwolfrange.Whilethestudyfrequentlycontraststheopinionsofrespondentslivinginandoutofwolfrangeattitudesofvariousidentitysegmentsarealsocomparedsuchaspeopleself-identifyingasdeerhunterswolfadvocatesorenvironmentalists.Accordingtothestudythenumbersregisteringfavorableattitudestowardswolvesweregreateroutofwolfrangethanwithintherangebutoverallwhetherinoroutofwolfrangemorerespondentsregisteredfavorablethanunfavorableattitudestowardsthisrecentlyrecoveredresidentofthestate.Thesurveyresultsindicatethatamongindividualswithanopinion54ofrespondentswithinwolfrangesupportedhavingasmanyormorewolvesasarenowpresentinthestate.Similarlyanotherquestionresultshowedmostpeoplewantedwolfnumbersmaintainedatcurrentlevelswithintheircounty.AccordingtotheWDNRs2014late-winterwolfcountWisconsinhadaminimumof658687wolvesatthetimeornearlydoubleofthestates350popu-lationgoal.Inadditionthiscountwasnotreleaseduntilafterthesurveyhadbeencompletedthemostrecentcountavailableatthetimethesurveywasconductedpeggedthelatewinterpopulationatover800wolves.Outsideofwolfrangeattitudeswereevenmorefavorablewiththosefavor-ingasmanyormorewolvesleadingthosewhofavoredpopulationreductionbya31margin.Butbothinandoutofwolfrangeawidespectrumofattitudeswasfoundtoexistvaryingfromwantingasmanywolvesaspossibletowantingtotalextermination.Thestudyshowsthatdeerhuntersandruralresidentswithinwolfrangewereleasttolerantofwolves.Thesurveyalsoshowsthecitizenssupporttheregulatedhuntingandtrappingofwolves62inrangeand51outofrangewiththehighestpercentageinruralcountieswithinwolfrange.Severalprioritymanagementobjectivesreceivedanacross-the-boardmajoritysupportincludingtheneedtokillwolvesthathavethreatenedhumansafetyoraredepredatingdomesticlivestock.Differentself-identitygroupshadtheirowndistinctmanagementpriorities.Forinstancesevenoftendeerhunterswouldreducewolfnumbersinnortherncountiesduetoconcernsaboutwolfpredationondeer.Ontheotherhandindividualswhoidentifiedthemselvesaswolfadvocatesthoughtthecreationofwolfrefugesthepromotiondiverseanimalcommunitiesandanincreaseinenforcementtocurtailillegalshootingofwolvesshouldbehighmanagementpriorities.Prioritiesfortheenvironmentalidentitygroupincludedeliminationofwolvesfromareasoflivestockdepredationandcreationofrefugeareastoprotectwolves.AccordingtoDavidMacFarlandWDNRlargecarnivorespecialistthesurveyprovidessoundscientificinformationaboutWisconsinitesvaluesandattitudesinregardtowolvesandwasdesignedtobetterinformmanagementdecisions.Itisonepieceofacomplicatedpuzzlehesays.Itistooearlytotellwhatitsimpactwillbeorwhatthedecision-makerswilldo.GLIFWCWildlifeBiologistPeterDavidnotedthevalueofthesurvey.Inthepastsomuchmanagementbythestatewasbasedonassumptionsabouthowthestatepublicfeltaboutwolves.Forthefirsttimethestatehasgooddatafromawell-designedstudyandIthinktheresultssurprisedmany.Whilemostman-agementofwolvesinWisconsinhasbeendrivenfromanegativeperspectiveitturnsoutthegeneralpublicdoesntseewolvesthiswayandneitherdomostinthetribalcommunity.Thestateshouldleanheavilyonthisdocumentasitproceedswiththerevisionofitswolfmanagementplanandestablishpopulationgoalsandothermanagementprioritiesthatbetterreflectthegeneralpublicandnotjustthosewhoareleasttolerantofwolves.Italsoindicatesaneedforthestatetomodifythenon-DNRmembershipofitsWolfAdvisoryCommitteewhichiscurrentlyheavilyslantedtowardsgroupswithlittletoleranceofwolves.Thesurveywasmailedoutto8750householdsinWisconsinandgota59percentresponserate.Fortheinrangecategoryelevenclustergroupsweredes-ignatedeachgroupaclusterofcounties.Thetwelfthclustergroupincorporatedallout-of-rangecounties.Thesurveyiscurrentlyindraftformtobefinalizedfollowingareviewfromanexternalgroupofresearcherstoevaluatebiasinmethodsandresults.Thecompletestudyisavailableathttpdnr.wi.govtopicWildlifeHabitatwolfdocumentsWolfAttitudeSurveyReportDRAFT.pdfBySueEricksonStaffWriterWolvestakeextrahitinWIAsWisconsinsthirdconsecu-tivewolftrappingandhuntingseasonwindsdowntribalwildlifebiologistsarereviewingthestatesmanagementsystemwhichallowedkillstoexceedharvestgoalsbynearlydoubleinatleastonezone.TheoverageisareminderthattheStateofWisconsinisstillreallyoperatingonitslearningpermitwhenitcomestoharvestingwolvessaidPeterDavidGLIFWCwildlifebiologist.GLIFWCmembertribesareonrecordinoppositiontotherecreationalharvestofmaiinganorwolfinWisconsinMichiganandMinnesota.TheWisconsinwolfseasonopenedOctober15acrosssixzonesthatcovertheentirestate.WithindaystheDepart-mentofNaturalResourcesDNRannouncedapairofzoneclosuresaswolfkillstookoffatablisteringpace.Asinpreviousseasonslegholdtrapsareprovingtobethemostefficientwaytokillwolvesfollowedbyhuntersusingfirearms.WisconsinistheonlystateintheUSthatallowshunterstousedogstoharvestwolves.UndertheDNRsmanagementsystem10permitsareissuedforeveryanimalinthequota.Thepermitsareunrestrictedmeaningharvesterscanpursuewolvesinanyopenzone.ThecurrentsystemcanbeexpectedtoproducesoverageswhenquotasaresmallDavidsaid.InDNRwolfzone2thecededterritoryofnortheastWis-consinsporthuntersandtrapperswerepermittedtokill15wolvesbuttook29beforestateofficialsclosedtheseason.WithwolfmortalityalreadyhighfrompoachingvehiclecollisionsanddepredationcontrolsGLIFWCsVoigtIntertribalTaskForcepassedamotioninAugust2013layingclaimtoallthewolvesintheWisconsincededterritory.Inrecognitionofteachingsthathigh-lighttheoriginaltreatyforgedbetweenmaiinganandtheAnishinaabetheTaskForcecalledforlivewolvestoremainonthelandscapeperformingtheirecologicalandculturalfunctions.Stateauthoritieshoweverwereunmovedandthe2013seasonproducedatotalwolfkillof257includingsome215fromthecededterritory.InMinnesotastateofficialsareagainmovingaheadwithawolfseasonsplitbetweenearlyandlatetimeperiods.AfterMichigans2013inauguralseasonintheUpperPeninsulaareferendumdrivebywolfadvocatesultimatelypreventedtheNaturalResourcesCom-missionfromapprovingahuntthisyear.ByCharlieOttoRasmussenStaffWriterwolffacts.orgPAGE3MAZINAIGANWINTER2014-2015SocialattitudesaboutmaiingansurveyedFavorableattitudeprevailsbyslimmargininwolfrangeMaiingan.photobyCharlieOttoRasmussen MOUMANOOMINCOMMITTEETribesForestServicereviewMOUimplementationLacduFlambeauWis.VoigtIntertribalTaskForceVITFrepresenta-tivesmetwithUSForestServiceUSFSstaffatLacduFlambeauonOctober1fortheirannualmeetingtodiscussissuesrelatingtotheimplementationofthe1998MemorandumofUnderstandingMOUsignedbyGLIFWCmembertribesandtheUSFS.TheMOUimplementsthegovernment-to-governmentrelation-shipbetweenthetribesandtheUSFSandrecognizesthetreaty-reservedrightsofGLIFWCmembertribestohuntfishandgatheroncededlands.SpecificallytheMOUprovidesavehicletosetstandardsbywhichthetribesandUSFSwillactonUSFSlands.TheannualmeetingsprovideaformattoshareinformationregardingnumerousactivitiesonnationalforestswithinthecededterritoriesincludingintheChequamegon-NicoletinWisconsinandtheOttawaHiawathaandHuron-ManisteeinMichigan.ItisalsoanopportunitytoidentifynewissuesthattheUSFSandtribescanworkonandtodiscusspotentialamendmentstotheMOUifneeded.LawenforcementisoneareawhereGLIFWCandUSFShavepartneredcom-pletingjointsurveyflightsandtrainingtoidentifyhotspotswithintheforestslargelyrelatingtoillegaldrugactivity.AhighlightofthepartnershipisthesuccessofCampOnjiAkiingwhereUSFSstaffandGLIFWCofferaweek-longcampfortribalyouthfocusingonleadershipskillsSTEMlearningandAnishinaabeculturalvalues.Informationisalsosharedontribalfeeexemptcampgroundusageinthenationalforestsaswellastribalharvestofwildplantsandnon-timberforestproductsduringtheyear.Alsodiscussedthisyearwastribalharvestoffirewoodandmethodstomakeacquisitionoffirewoodmoreefficientfortribalmembers.VITFrepresentativesstressedtheneedforfirewoodintheircommunitiesespeciallywiththepriceofpropanesoaringasitdidlastwinter.Updatesoncooperativeprojectssuchasthelong-termAmericanpinemar-tenstudyandtheunderstoryplantprojectweregivenaswellasreportsonforestresourcesandpaperbirchinthecededterritories.TheUSFSconsultsthroughouttheyearwithtribesonagovernment-to-governmentlevelinrelationtoUSFSdecisionswhichcouldpotentiallyimpactnaturalresourcesinForestServicelandsortribalaccesstothoseresources.BySueEricksonStaffWriterTheannualTribalForestServiceMOUmeetingwasco-chairedbyGLIFWCPolicyAnalystAnnMcCammonSoltisandUSFSRegion9TribalLiaisonMaryRasmussen.photobySueEricksonLarryHeadyregionaltribalrelationsspecialistUSFSRegion9centerjoinedtheGLIFWCDrumandsangwithrepresentativesfromtheVoigtIntertribalTaskForcepriortotheTaskForcemeetingonOctober2atLacduFlambeau.photobySueEricksonWhytwowildricecommitteesinWisconsinWhatisthepurposeThesearejustacoupleofquestionsthatarosewhentheWisconsinDepartmentofNaturalResourcesWDNRrecentlycreatedanewWildRiceAdvisoryCommittee.CommitteemembersconsistprimarilyofWDNRstaffandgroupsthestateviewsasstakeholdersinthewildriceworldincludingrepresentativesfromtheWisconsinWetlandsAssociationWisconsinWaterfowlAssociationDucksUnlimitedWisconsinLakesAssociationWisconsinWildlifeFederationtheWisconsinCountyForestAssociationtheConservationCongresstheUSForestServiceandUSDAWildlifeServices.ThelonerepresentativeoftribalinterestsisaGLIFWCrepresentativeapositionthatisrequiredaspartofthestipulationoftheVoigtdecisionwhichupheldtheexistenceofcededterritorytreatyrights.ThepurposeandroleofthenewcommitteeisstillintheprocessofbeingdefinedaprocesswhichGLIFWCisobservingwithkeeninterest.Inageneralwaycommitteesofthisnatureofferawayforvariousinterestgroupstoexpresstheirmanagementdesiresandconcernstothestatewhiletechni-callybeingstrictlyadvisoryinnaturetheyprovidethemembergroupsagreateropportunitytoinfluenceresourcemanagementinthestate.WhatisuniqueintherealmofmanoominwildricemanagementhoweveristhataseparatestatetribalwildricemanagementcommitteehasexistedinWisconsinforovertwodecadesaproductoftheVoigtdecision.WDNRcreatesnewWildRiceAdvisoryCommitteeByGLIFWCstaffGLIFWCconcernedaboutimpactstoexistingStateTribalWildRiceManagementCommitteeAccordingtoGLIFWCWildlifeBiologistPeterDavidGLIFWClooksforwardtoworkingcooperativelywithallthestakeholdersonthenewcommitteeandwewelcomeandappreciatetheircommitmenttomanoomin.Infactwehavealreadyworkedonsomeaspectofricemanagementoreducationwithnearlyallofthesegroupsinthepast.YetDavidholdssomeconcernsabouttheWDNRsintentforthenewcom-mitteeaswellTheVoigtstipulationdefinessomeclearrolesforthepreviouslyexistingstatetribalmanagementcommittee.ForexamplethestipulationindicatesthatthestatetribalcommitteewillhavethetaskofdevelopingguidelinesandobjectivesfortheprotectionandenhancementofriceincludingestablishingabundanceobjectiveswewanttobecertainthatthestateadherestotherequirementsoftheVoigtcaseanddoesnttrytoreassignthoserolestothenewcommitteewherethetribeshavelittlestanding.Theseconcernsdonotseemtobeunfounded.Davidnotedthatthestatetribalcommitteerecentlyspentthreeyearscooperativelydevelopingawildricemanagementplanforthecededterritory.AsthatprocesswasconcludingandthedraftplanwasbeingpreparedforadoptionbythestateandtribesthestateindicatedtheynolongerhadanyinterestinthecooperativeplanbutintendedtotaskthenewlyformedAdvisoryCommitteewithdevelopingaricemanage-mentplanforthestateinstead.ThestategavenoexplanationforitsreversalanddidntevenidentifyanydeficienciesinthecooperativelydevelopedplanDavidsays.Itsdiscouragingwhenpoliticstrumpsconcernforthenaturalresourcesuponwhichwealldependhenoted.Unfortunatelythesekindsofactionsservetoundermineaverypositiveworkingrelationshipthathasexistedbetweenthestateandthetribesinmanoominmanagementforovertwodecades.GLIFWCunderstandstheroleofstakeholdersonthestatesAdvisoryCommitteebutitremainsunclearifthestatesintentforthenewcommitteeistoimprovemanage-mentofwildriceoranattempttounderminethetribesresponsibilitytocareforthisculturalandecologicaltreasure.MAZINAIGANPAGE4WINTER2014-2015 INLANDFISHERIESTribalhatcheriesreleasedover37millionfishintobothonoff-reservationwatersin2013TribeHatcheryRearingComponentYellowPerchLakeSturgeonWhitefishBrookBrownRainbowTroutLakeTroutLargemouthBassNorthernPikeTotalBadRiver57000003205001110116131511GrandPortage25000275000300000KeweenawBay850000173292228610070899685LacCourteOreilles400000425802000444580LacduFlambeau1475000085191220001459214871783LeechLake131000001535907883113332421Menominee1000005000105000MoleLake600600RedCliff2178120839123017RedLake1000010000100001000040000SaultSte.Marie4796391314480953St.Croix112457112457WhiteEarth1946282512197140TOTALS350946281229064220002000111011125121038314427171007010000131437039147MuskellungeFryFgl.GLIFWCelectroshingcrewmemberJimParisienholdsadipnetlledwithjuvenilewalleyescoopedupduringfallelectroshingsurveyswhilefellowcrewmemberBillSouliertakesmeasurements.Oncedataarerecordedthesharereturnedtothelake.photobyButchMieloszykWalleyeFryFgl.PAGE5MAZINAIGANWINTER2014-2015GLIFWCInlandFisheriesTechnicianEdWhitewithcrewmemberNoahArbuckleastheyprepareforanightofelectroshing.photobyDylanJenningsOdanahWis.GLIFWCassessmentcrewsandpartnersfromBadRiverFondduLacMoleLakeSt.CroixandUSFishandWildlifeServiceUSFWSconductedfallelectrofishingsurveysoncededterritorywatersinMichiganMin-nesotaandWisconsin.Duringthefalljuvenilewalleyeage0andage1arefoundfeedinginnear-shorelakehabitatatnight.Electrofishingcrewssamplethesefishtodetermineyear-classstrengthfromnaturalreproductionortoevalu-atestockingefforts.In2014GLIFWCcrewssurveyed109lakesincluding12jointsurveyswithWisconsinDNR.SurveysinWisconsinincludedsomeofthelargeflowagessuchas13545-acreTurtleFlambeauFlowageand15300acreChippewaFlowage.InMinnesotaGLIFWCUSFWSandFondduLaccrewscollaboratedtosurveyabout95oftheshorelineonMilleLacsLake.Biologistsusethedatacollectedinthefallsurveystoindexyear-classstrengthandclassifywalleyepopulationsassustainedthroughnaturalreproductionorstock-ing.Thesesurveysalsoprovideanearlyindicationofpotentialdeclineinwalleyepopulations.Naturalreproductionvarieswidelybyyearevenonlakeswithlargeadultwalleyepopulationsbutiffallsurveysshowanumberofyearswithpoororlowreproductionbiologistshaveadvancewarningthattheadultpopulationmaydecline.Inthesecasessomemanagementactionmayneedtobetakentoprotectthewalleyepopulationandrestorenaturalreproduction.Whilemostofthesurveysfocusonlakeswithnaturalreproductionsomefallsurveysarealsousedtoassessthecontributionofstockedfishtotheyear-class.StockedfishcanbemarkedwithoxytetracyclineOTCandfishcanbeexaminedformarkstodeterminethepercentageofstockedfishintheyear-class.SurveycrewscollectedfishforOTCanalysisfromLacVieuxDesertontheWisconsinMichiganborder.GLIFWCassessmentcrewssurveycededterritorywatersforjuvenilewalleyeByMarkLuehringGLIFWCInlandFisheriesBiologistChi-MiigwechGLIFWCwouldliketoofferaMiigwechtoEdWhiteButchMieloszykBenMichaelsErnestSamQuagonJoshJohnsonKrisArbuckleNoahArbuckleShaneCrambDaveMooreDaveParisienJimParisienLouisPlucinskiMartinPowlessBillSoulierandDennisSoulierforalltheirgoodworkontheGLIFWCsurveycrewsthisfall.Totalnumberofoneorcombinationoftroutspecies. ANAFORESTPESTPROJECTMAZINAIGANPAGE6WINTER2014-2015BySteveGarskeANAForestPestEnv.GrantCoordinatorUpdateonGLIFWCsANAforestpestprojectAsthethirdyearofGLIFWCsforestpestprojectgetsunderwayinvasiveforestpestscontinuetoadvanceeatingtheirwaythroughNorthAmericasforests.ThepestsTheemeraldashborerEABattacksandkillsashtrees.Italmostcertainlyarrivedhereintheearly1990sonsolidwoodshippingmaterialfromChina.FirstdetectedinDetroitin2002theEABnowinfestsashin24statesandtwoprov-inces.IthasalreadykilledtensofmillionsofashtreesineasternNorthAmerica.TheAsianlonghornedbeetleALBalsoarrivedinsolidwoodpackingmaterialfromoverseas.Itsfavoritefoodismaplebutitcanalsoattackbirchwillowsandelm.Thelarvaeburrowthroughthewoodbeforeemergingthroughdime-sizedexitholesas1-inchlongadultsriddlingthetreewithtunnelsuntiliteventuallycollapses.Since1996ALBinfestationshavebeenfoundinNewYorkNewJerseyChicagosouthernOhioMassachusettsandTorontoOntario.TheChicagoandtheNewJerseypopulationshavebeensuccessfullyeradicated.TheTorontopopulationwasdeclarederadicatedin2013butlaterthatyearasmallpopulationwasfoundinneighboringMississauga.MeanwhileinfestationsstillexistonLongIslandandinOhioandMassachusetts.Theselasttwopopulationsareparticularlyworrisomeasthequarantinedareasnowcover61and110squaremilesrespec-tivelyandincludenaturalforest.Tensofthousandsoftreeshavebeenremovedtotryandstopthispest.TheALBhasthepotentialtodestroymorethanhalfthetreesineasternNorthAmerica.Ifitescapesthequarantinedareasandbecomespermanentlyestablisheditwilldev-astateNorthAmericasforests.Theentirefoodwebfrominsectsandmicetopredatorssuchasmartensfishersandevenwolveswouldbeseverelyimpacted.Soilerosionwouldincreaseanddrinkingwatersupplieswouldbethreatenedasforestslosetheirabilitytoholdandpurifywater.TheALBcouldalsoputanendtothemaplesugarharvest.BasedonestimatesbytheUSForestServiceandotherstheeconomicimpactoftheALBintheUSalonewouldreachwelloveratrilliondollars.IneasternNorthAmericabalsamfirandhemlockarebeingdevastatedbytwotinycloselyrelatedinsectscalledadelgids.ThebalsamwoollyadelgidBWAattacksbalsamtrees.Itinjectssalivaintotheyoungtwigsandneedlescausingthetwigstoswellupcalledgoutingandtheneedlestoturnyellowandfalltotheground.Whilethebalsamwoollyadelgidmightnotkillitshostthebranchesaredistortedandworthlessforwreathesorotherornaments.ThehemlockwoollyadelgidHWAhasasimilareffectonhemlockexceptthattheHWAoftenkillsitshostwithinseveralyears.Balsamandhemlockbothprovidefoodandhabitatforavarietyofwildlifeandplayacriticalroleinprovidingwintershelterfordeer.FinallyoakwiltcontinuestoshowupatnewsitesintheUpperPeninsulanorthernWisconsinandnorthernMinnesota.Newinfestationsoftheoakwiltfungususuallyresultfrompeopletransportinginfestedlogsorfirewoodtounin-festedareas.Redandblackoaksarekilledwithinafewyearswhileburoakandotherwhiteoaksmayslowlydeclineanddieoveradecadeormore.Acornsareavaluablefoodsourceforallsortsofwildlifeincludingturkeysanddeer.Andofcourseoakprovidesexcellentfirewood.ALBlarvaeriddlehosttreeswithtunnelsbeforeemergingas1-inchlongadults.photobyE.RichardHoebekeCornellUniversityBugwood.orgTotherightAlongwithdime-sizedexitholesshallowdepressionschewedoutbyegg-layingfemalesaresuresignsofALBinfestation.photobyDennisHaugenUSForestServiceBugwood.orgThespringsugarbushcouldbecomeathingofthepastiftheAsianlonghornedbeetlebecomespermanentlyestablished.photosubmittedTheBWAfeedingcausesbalsamrbranchestoswellandloseneedlesmakingthemuselessforboughs.photobyLaddLivingstonIdahoDept.ofLandsBugwood.orgAdelgidsexcretewaxfromtheirbodiesmakingthemlooklikelittlebitsofcotton.ThishemlocktwigisinfestedwiththeHWA.photobyConnecticutAgriculturalExperimentStationArchiveBugwood.orgKnowndistributionofoakwiltbycountyinMNWIandMI.Oakwiltisoftenwidelyestablishedinthesouthernportionofthisregionwhilethenortherncountiesgenerallyhaveonlyahandfulofinfestations.mapcompiledfromMNWIandMIDNRdataSeeGLIFWCsANAforestpestprojectpage17 INVASIVESPECIESDuluthMinn.Preservationofmanoominwildricebedsisachallengefacedbymanytribes.Weathercondi-tionsclimaticchangeandinvasivespe-ciesbothplantandanimalcontributetothechallenge.The1854TreatyAuthorityAuthorityiscurrentlytakingacloserlookatthepossibleimpactonmanoominofoneinvadertherustycrayfishthroughamulti-yearpilotstudy.TheAuthorityinitiatedthestudyin2013intheWhiteIronChainofLakesnorthernSt.LouisCountywherereportsofwildricedeclinecorrespondedwiththedetectionofrustycrayfishinFarmandWhiteIronLakesaccordingtotheAuthorityBiologistTylerKaspar.Theprojectinvolvedsettingupexclosuresinlakesegmentsknowntoproducewildrice.Theexclosuresaredesignedtokeeptherustysoutsoresearcherscanmeasurericedensitydifferencesinsidetheexclosureagainsttheoutsideareainhabitedbyrustycrayfish.Trapsaresetinsidetheexclosurestocaptureanyrustycrayfishthatmaybewithin.Theexclosuresareplacedshortlyaftericeoutsowildricehasntgermi-natedyetandtherustycrayfishwouldhavenoimpactpriortotheirplacement.Kasparsaystheyalsotrytoinstalltheexclosuresfromtheboattoavoiddis-turbingthelakebed.In2013onWhiteIronLaketheexclosuresuccessfullykepttherustysoutbuttherewasalsolowricedensityandfewrustys.OnFarmLaketheexclosurewasremovedafteronlyamonthbecausetherockybottomandwoodydebrismadeitimpossiblefortheexclosuretofullysealoffthecrayfish.Laterobservationsoftheareawhichsupportedadensestandofricerevealedthatmostlynativecrayfishwereinthericebedwiththerustysprimarilyoutsideintherockysubstrate.ThisyearexclosuresweresetupinFarmLakeandGardenLakebothwithareassupportingdensewildricestands.OnFarmLakeKasparreportsthatrustycrayfishwerefoundmostlyoutsidethericebedsintherocksandfewerrustysandafewnativecrayfishinthesoftmuckysedimentofthewildricebed.OnGardenLakeonlyafewrustyswerecaughtmostlyoutsidethewildricestandandmorenativecrayfishwerecaughtoverallprimarilyinthewildriceandwithintheexclosure.Neitherexclosuresucceededintotallykeepingthecrayfishouthereportsachallengeindesignthattheywillbelookingtoimprovefor2015.WhilethestudyhasnotrevealedanydefiniteconclusionsabouttherustycrayfishsimpactonmanoominasofyetAuthorityresearcherswillcontinuethestudy.Nextyeartheywilleitherselectdifferentlakesorsettheexclosuresondifferentlocationsinthecurrentlakes.Kasparsaystheymayalsoneedtoiden-tifyareasthatusedtohavewildricebuthaventsincetheestablishmentoftherustycrayfish.The1854TreatyAuthorityhead-quarteredinDuluthMinnesotaman-agestheoff-reservationhuntingfish-ingandgatheringrightsoftheGrandPortageandBoisForteBandsoftheLakeSuperiorChippewainthe1854Treatycededterritory.AnexclosuredesignedtokeepinvasiverustycrayshoutofasegmentofamanoominbedonFarmLakeinMinnesotaispartofongoingresearchregardingtheimpactofrustycrayshonwildrice.Thisisaresearchprojectofthe1854TreatyAuthorityandisinitssecondyear.photocourtesyofthe1854TreatyAuthorityPAGE7MAZINAIGANWINTER2014-20151854TreatyAuthoritystudiesrustycrayfshimpactonmanoominBySueEricksonStaffWriterDuluthMinn.Thenon-nativesubspeciesofPhragmitesPhragmitesaustralisssp.australisisanextremelyinvasiveperennialgrassnativetoEurasia.Phragmitesthrivesinwetlandsandshallowwatersuptoonemeterdeepestablishingdenseclonalstandswhichdisplacenativeplantsandalterthephysicalstructureandecologicalfunctionsoftheseimportanthabitats.FreshwaterestuariesalongtheshorelineofLakeSupe-riorandnearbymanoominwildricewatersfurtherinlandareespeciallythreatenedbecausetheycontainidealgrowingconditionsfornon-nativePhragmites.In2013GLIFWCconductedrapidresponsecontroleffortson30smallpioneerstandsofnon-nativePhragmiteswhichweredetectedalongthewesternshoreofChequamegonBay.Thesesiteswereallwithin1.5milesofawastewatertreatmentplantpermittedtousePhragmitestode-watersewagesludge.In2014GLIFWCsaquaticinva-sivespeciesAISsurveyeffortsfocusedonPhragmitesdetectionwithintheLakeSuperiorwatershedandverificationofpriorPhragmitesreportsinthecededterritoryespeciallythoseinornearmanoominwaters.Atotalof72non-nativePhrag-mitesoccurrenceswerefoundintheLakeSuperiorwatershedduring2014primarilyalongtheshorelineoftheSt.LouisRiverintheDuluth-Superiorharbor.Fortunatelyonlyoneoutofthe38unverifiedreportswasconfirmedasnon-nativePhragmites.Therestwereeithernative27orcouldnotbelocated10.Non-nativePhragmitesisacommonandwidespreadinvasivespeciesalongtheshorelinesofthelowerGreatLakeswherethousandsofacreshavebeenimpactedandcontrolcostsrunintothemillions.Incontrastfewerthan125smallsiteshavebeendetectedwithintheLakeSuperiorwatershedinMinnesotaWisconsinandMichigancomprisinglessthan25acresintotal.AtimelymanagementresponseandcontinuedvigilancewillpreventthenegativeimpactsPhragmiteshashadonmanylowerGreatLakesecosystems.GLIFWCisworkingwithmembertribeslocalagenciesandorganizationstocoordinateanappropriateresponsetocontrolPhragmitesintheLakeSuperiorwatershedbeforeitbecomesunmanageable.FollowinguponPhragmitesEarlydetectionthekeyByMilesFalckGLIFWCWildlifeBiologistSamQuagonGLIFWCBiologicalServicesLTEexaminesaPhragmitesliguletoconrmitisthenativesubspecies.photobyDaraOlsonDistributionofnon-nativePhragmitesinSt.LouisRiverDuluth-Superiorharbor.mapbyMilesFalck MARTENBLACKASHBASKETSSharinginfoaboutwaabizheshiByJonathanGilbertPh.D.GLIFWCWildlifeBiologistLaPointeWis.Thisbasketmakingishealing.Ikeepdoingthisbecauseittouchespeopleindifferentways.Itshealingandempoweringandsoitisimportanttocarryonthiswork.ThesearethewordsofcraftswomanAprilStone-DahlaBadRivertribalmember.Aprilisawifeamotheroffourwonderfulchildrenandabasketmaker...perhapsbylineage.Sheholdsupanoldpicturewithtwoofherrela-tivesstandinginfrontofahouseandinthebackgroundsitsablackashbasket.Maybetherewerebasketmakersinmyfamily...IdontknowImayneverknow...butmaybeitsinmyfamily.Aprillearnedaboutthiscraftinthespringof1998withherhusbandJarrodwhenthecoupletookclassesattheNorthHouseFolkSchoolinGrandMaraisMinnesota.Atthisclassshelearnedhowtofeltwoolwhileherhusbandlearnedtomakeanashbasket.Althoughveryhappywithherwarmfeltedbootiesshebegantonoticehowmuchthebasketherhusbandhadcreatedwasbeingputtouse.Overthefollowingyearshewatchedasthebasketheldupandmaintaineditscomposureformanyseasons.Thissparkedaninitialinterestunderstandingandreverenceinthematerialaswellasthehistoryofash.Aprilspentthegreaterpartof2000simplylearningaboutashsplintbasketrythethicknessesandwidthsandratiosthatappealedtoherassheattemptedmak-ingherfirstbasketcreations.Attimesitprovedveryfrustratingandshelongedforsomebodytoaskquestionsof.Sinceshecouldnotfindanybodytoteachherhowtomakethemsheperseveredandsoismostlyself-taught.Astheyearsprogressedherworkbecamemoreandmorerefined.Theprocessofbasketmakingisverylaboriousandelaborate.TheStone-Dahlsdoeverythingfromharvestingtheashtreesfromtheswampswheretheygrowtopoundingthelogsfortherawmaterialstoweavingthebasketstolife.Thesimpleprocessofharvestingandprocessingthelogteachesussomeofthosesacredteachingssuchaspatiencehumilityandrespect...fortheworkthatwedofornatureandforcreation.Basketryinthebroadsenseisolderthananyspokenlanguageintheworldtoday.AsforthehistoryofashsplintbasketryinparticularandinNorthAmericathereseemstobetwomaintheories.OnetheoryisthattheEuropeansbroughtitwhiletheothertheorystatesthatthenativesalreadyhadit.TheEuropeansbroughtatypeofoaksplintworkwiththemwhentheyarrivedandthentaughtittothenativesofthelandscape.Ashsplintworkbasketrywasalwayshere.WhentheEuropeanscameandtherewasaninterminglingofrelationshipsandlifestylesasharingtookplaceonmanylevelsandsharingsplintbasketrywasoneofthem.TheavailabilityofashinthenativelandscapecoupledwiththetechniquesoftraditionaloaksplintEuropeanbasketmakingmadefornewperspectivesonashsplintbasketsandwhatwasmade.Aprilconsidersthesetheoriesbutremarksitisveryhardformetobelievethatthefirstpeoplesofthisplaceaswellasthosethatmigratedandmovedlongdistancesandhavingsuchanintimateconnectionwiththelandscapeandnaturewouldnothaveknownthequalitiesoftheashtree.Mohawkoraltraditionsrelatingtoashsplintbasketrydatesbackwellover2000yearsmakingthispre-contact.Aprilspecializesinutilitarianbas-ketsbasketsthataregoingtobeusedandserveapurpose.ShemakesitclearthatthestyleofbasketshecreatesdoesntnecessarilyreflectancientAnishinaabebasketstheysimplyreflectherownpersonalstyle.Thereareonlyafewbasketsleftfromourancestorsafewspecimenshereandthereonthereserva-tion.ImalwayslookingforstoriesaboutashsplintbasketsandattempttorelatethembacktoBadRiver.Thosestoriesarefarandfew.AfterspendingoverfifteenyearsmasteringthecraftofashsplintbasketryAprilsworkandexpertiseisinconstantdemand.ShetravelsaroundtheGreatLakesregionrunningworkshopsandteaching.TothosethataspiretolearnthetradesheinsistsItsareallyempower-ingfeelingtomakesomethingwithyourhandsnomatterwhatitis.Whetheritscarvingaspoonortanningahidewevereallygottenawayfromempoweringourownselveswiththiskindofknowledge.Theressomuchtolearn.BasketsfromthehandsofourancestorsByDylanJenningsGLIFWCPIOLTEAprilStone-DahlBadRivertribalmemberandherhusbandJarrodhavebeenengaginginthecraftofblackashbasketryforover15years.TheStone-DahlsshownherewithdaughterRenatravelextensivelysharingtheirexpertiseandloveforthecraftandthenaturalresourcesassociatedwithit.DJInsetBlackashbasketmadebyAprilStone-Dahl.CORKrakowPolandTheMartesWorkGroupwasfoundedin1993andconsistsofwildliferesearcherswhostudyanimalsbelongingtothegenusMartessuchasfishersAmericanmartenspinemartensandsables.TheWorkGroupobjectiveistofacilitatecom-municationamongpeoplewithacommoninterestinMartesresearchconservationandmanagementprograms.Oneofthesignificantaccomplishmentsofthisworkinggroupisthebringingtogetherofmembersofthegroupandotherinterestedpeopleforinternationalsymposia.Overtheyearstherehavebeenfivesuchsymposiaandeachhasresultedinthepublicationofaproceedingswhichhascontributedinasignificantman-nertothepublishedknowledgeofspeciesbelongingtotheMartesgenus.ThelocationoftheInternationalMartesSymposiumrotatesamongthecountriesofthemembers.PastsymposiahavebeeninWyomingAlbertaNewfoundlandPortugalandWashington.TheSixthInternationalSymposiumoftheMartesWorkGroupwasheldinKrakowPolandJuly202420014andbroughttogether45participantsfrom13countries.Presentationsrangedfromnon-invasiveDNAstudiesofpinemartensinIrelandFranceandNetherlandstoGPScollaringintheUSAtothepara-sitesofmartensinLithuania.IfoundthepresentationonwolverinesinChinatobeinteresting.Solittleisknownoftheseanimalsthatjustthebasictechniquesiesnowtrackingwereusedtogathermuchofthedatapresented.Apresentationoftheyellow-throatedmarteninKoreashowedthesemartenspeciestobecommunalandfrugivoresthatislivingtogetherinlargegroupsandfeedingmostlyonfruits.ThiswasaninterestingtwistasmartenspecieshereinnorthAmericaaresoli-taryandcarnivorous.PresentationsontheEuropeanpinemartenshowedhowtheseanimalsliveincitiesandareconsideredpestsdoingdamagetohousesandvehicles.Againsuchadifferentstoryascomparedtothemartensherewhichliveinthedeepwoodsandarerelativelyrare.IwasafoundingmemberoftheMartesWorkGroupatthe1993symposiumandIwasfortunatetoattendthissymposiummarkingthefourthofthesixsymposiathisgrouphasheldwhichIhaveattended.Igaveapresentationonhowourunderstandingofmartenandfisherhabitathaschangedovertheyearsofresearch.Weunderstandnowhowimportantsomeofthefeaturesofournorthernforestsaretomartensandfishers.Especiallywecannowseethatsmallpocketsofhemlocksandcedarsareusedextensivelybymartensandfishersforrestingandforhunting.Thiswasanewdevelopmentandwaswellreceivedattheconference.AlsoDylanJenningsandIdevelopedaposteraboutthewaabizheshidoodemanormartenclan.ThiswasanunusualposterforthisgroupasnotmanypeopleatthesymposiumwereawareofOjibweIndiansletalonetheirclansystem.ButatthepostersessionmanypeoplecommentedonthisculturalperspectiveandhowmuchtheyappreciatedthenewtwistonMartesresearch.ThelastdayoftheconferenceincludedafieldtriptotheTatraMountainsNationalParkPoland.ThiswasabeautifulmountainousareaontheborderwithSlovakia.ManyoftheissuesfacingnationalparksintheUSAwerethesameissuesfacingTatraMountains.Therewereissuesofover-browsingbyreddeercausingvegetationdamage.Windthrowdamagecausedlargeareasoftreestobeblowndownandparkpersonnelwereworkingtorestoretheforesttotheareabutwonderedaboutplantingtreesversusnaturalregeneration.Andofcoursetoomanypeoplewhowanttovisitcausetheirownsetofissues.Atthebusinessmeetingattheendofthesym-posiumthegroupselectedthelocationofthenextInternationalSymposium.WeintheLakeSuperiorregionhavebeenhonoredtohostthenextsymposium.ItwillbeheldinAugust2018mostlikelyinDuluthMinnesota.MartenposterexcerptpresentedattheSixthInternationalSymposiuminKrakowPoland.MAZINAIGANPAGE8WINTER2014-2015 GICHIGAMIKBICreceivesbinationalstewardshipawardforSandPointrestorationLAnseMich.TheKeweenawBayIndianCommunityNaturalResourcesDepartmentKBICNRDreceivedabinationalawardfortheirmulti-yearprojectrestoringwildlifehabitatatSandPoint.ApanelofU.S.andCanadianjudgeswiththeBinationalForumselectedthestampsandsrestorationprojectasarecipientofits11thAnnualEnvironmentalStewardshipAwardintheU.S.Tribalcategory.ThejudgeswereveryimpressedwiththeambitiousgoalsoftheprojectandtheuseofnativeplantsmanygrownintheKBICNRDgreenhousetorestorethenaturallandscapeandenhancewildlifehabitatandhumanrecreationopportunities.FundedthroughcompetitivegrantsinpartnershipwithfederalagenciesregionalorganizationsandlocalbusinessestheKBICNRDspreadatopsoilcaptocoverthetoxicstampsands.Thecapwasthenplantedwiththousandsofnativegrassesflowerstreesandshrubstofilterthecontaminantsandstabilizeanerodingshoreline.WalkingtrailswereestablishedatSandPointcompletewithexercisestationsandinformativesignageforvisitors.Asofthesummerof2014thereisnowa3.3miletrailloopintheSandPointarea.AcceptingtheawardinfrontoftheKeweenawBayIndianCommunityNaturalResourcesDepartmentKBICNRDgeodesicdomegreenhousearefromtheleftLoriShermanKBICNRDdirectorElizabethChizMatthewsKBICTribalCouncilLissaRadkeLakeSuperiorBinationalForumandPamNankervisKBICwildlifebiologist.photobyErinJohnstonByErinJohnstonLakeSuperiorProgramCoordinatorKeweenawBayIndianCommunityTaggingcriticaltolaketroutandwhitefshassessmentBiologistsurgereportingoftaggedshGichigamiAutumnbringscoolcrispweatherbeautifulcolorsandfrequentgale-forcewindsonLakeSuperior.DespitethesehighwindstheGreatLakesSectionsfallassessmentcrewalwaysfindsawaytosuccessfullycompletetheirchinamekoslaketroutandadikameglakewhitefishsurveyeachyear.Since1986GLIFWCsGreatLakesSectionwiththehelpofBadRiverpersonnelhasconductedfallgillnetsamplingwithinMichiganwatersofLakeSuperiorwiththepurposetomonitorthegrowthabundanceandmovementofadultlaketroutandlakewhitefish.ObtainingdataforthesespeciesisespeciallyimportantbecausetheycontinuetosupportathrivingtribalcommercialfisherythroughoutthecededterritoriesofLakeSuperior.Fisharecapturedwith6x750footgillnetswhicharedeployedfromGLIF-WCssurveyvesselMizhakwadmeaningfairweather.Thesenetsaresetonshallowreefswherelaketroutandwhitefishareknowntospawn.Typicallythesoaktimeforagillnetisapproximately1214hours.Fishthatarepickedoutofthegillnetsaremeasuredsexedexaminedforlampreywoundsandtaggedwithtinyspaghetti-shapedtagsknownasfloytagspriortobeingreleasedbackintothewater.ThefutureforataggedfishisuncertainataggedfishmayneverbeseenagainorfishermenmayrecaptureataggedfishandsubmitthefishsinformationtoGLIFWCbiologists.Therecaptureoftaggedfishprovidesbiologistswithuse-fulinformationregardingthegrowthmovementpatternsandabundanceoflaketroutandwhitefishpopulations.Sofarthisseason2014GLIFWCandBadRiverpersonnelhavecompletedtwoweeksofsamplingwithfourweeksremainingandhavetaggedapproximately200laketroutandwhitefishfromsitesnearSilverCityMichiganandEagleHar-borMich.TheassessmentcrewplansonsamplingmoresitesnearGayMich.andMarquetteMich.throughoutthefinalfourweeksofthesurvey.IfyoucatchafishwithanorangeGLIFWCfloytagpleasesendthetaginformationtoGLIFWCP.O.Box9OdanahWI54861oruseouronlinesystemtoentertaginformationatwww.glifwc.orgtag.html.ByBenMichaelsGLIFWCFisheriesBiologistHaulinginanetduringfalllaketroutandwhiteshassessmentsintheMichiganwatersofLakeSuperiorareJoseEstradaGLIFWCsheriesLTEleftandEdLeosoBadRiversheriestechnician.CrewinthebackgroundincludeSamQuagonGLIFWCLTEandatthewheelisMikePlucinskiGLIFWCGreatLakessheriestechnician.photobyBenMichaelsPAGE9MAZINAIGANWINTER2014-2015AnaccomplishedadvocateforLakeSuperiortribalcommercialshermenandtheirfamiliesGLIFWCsNaturalResourcesDevelopmentSpecialistJimThannumhasoverseenon-reservationfoodsafetyworkshopsandservedasacreativeadvisorhelpingpromotethecatchatregionalmarkets.InrecognitionofhiseffortsandleadershipMichiganSeaGrantMSGawardedThannumthe2014VanSniderPartnershipAwardlastSeptember.AlongwithMichiganStateUniversityExtensionThannumandMSGhavecollaboratedtoimprovethequalityandsafetyoftheGreatLakescommercialsheryfor17yearsincludingHazardAnalysisCriticalControlPointtrainingforsome550commercialshersprocessorsandaquaculturists.AboveJimThannumleftacceptstheawardfromMSGsRonKinnunen.CORThannumrecognizedasadvocatefortribalcommercialfshermen TRIBALISSUESSenatorsvisitmidwesttribesSenatorTammyBaldwincentertakesinanhonorsongofferedbytheGLIFWCDrumtobeginthereceptionandwelcomethesenatorsinagoodway.ThesenatorswereonatourofMidwesttribesstoppingatanumberofreservationstoconversewithtriballeadershipaboutissuescurrentlyaffectingindividualtribes.DrummersincludefromtheleftDanPowlessBadRiverJoeDanRoseGLIFWCMikeWigginsBadRivertribalchairmanandDylanJenningsGLIFWC.PicturedinthebackgroundarePeterDavidGLIFWCwildlifebiologistLisaDavidGLIFWCmanoominbiologistSenatorTammyBaldwinandSaraMosesGLIFWCenvironmentalbiologist.CORKeshenaWis.TheSustainableDevelopmentInstituteattheCollegeofMenomineeNationinvitedtribesaca-demicsandstateandfederalagenciesfromacrosstheUnitedStatestotheShiftingSeasonsSummittotalkaboutvariousissuesofclimatechangeadapta-tion.Thesummitfocusedonbuildingtribalcapacitytoplanandimplementastrategyplanforclimatechangeanditseffectsonnaturalresources.Manyresourcesthattribesrelyonforculturalpurposesareespeciallyvulnerabletothepredictedchangesintemperaturerainfalleventsinvasivespeciesintroductionandotherenviron-mentalfactors.Theseresourcesmaynolongerbeavailabletotribesifapar-ticularspeciesrangemovesoutofthetribesreservationsorcededterritories.Thereforeimplementingplansthatensureclimatechangeeffectshaveminimalimpactisimportantsincetribescannotmovefromtheirlands.Thesummitofferedanopportunityfortribestosharetheirchallengesandsuccessesthattheyhavehadwithclimatechangeadaptation.Manytribesareindifferentstagesofplanningclimatechangeadaptionstrategieswhileothershavealreadybeguntoimplementwaystolesseneffects.Otheragenciesandacademiacanhelptribesandseveralmodelsservedascasestudiesfortribestoconsider.TheGrandPortageBandofLakeSuperiorChippewasharedsomehighlightsoftheiradaptationstrategiestocopewiththepredictedchangessuchaswarmerwinterswithincreasedprecipitationfallingasraininsteadofsnowintheLakeSuperiorbasinwhileGLIFWCsMemorandumofUnderstandingwiththeU.S.ForestServicewasshowcasedasasuccessfulmodelofcooperationbetweentribalandnon-tribalagencies.TribeswrestlewithclimatechangeadaptationGLIFWCwastrulysaddenedtohearofWis-consinPublicRadiosWPRMikeSimonsonssuddenpassingonOctober52014Mikecoveredmanystoriesoftencontro-versialregardingGLIFWCmembertribesandtreatyrights.Asareporterandinvestigativejournalisthewasalwaysfairthoroughandaccurateanddidnotconfinehisinteresttonegativestories.Anaward-winningjournalistheservedasWPRnorthernbureaucorrespondentatKUWS-FMinSuperior.MikewasespeciallynotedforhisFinalEditionapublicaffairsprogramaswellasforhistalenttoturnoutwell-equippedstudentstoserveinthejournalistworld.WearesurehetaughtthemwellWedeeplyappreciateMikescontinuousefforttoworkwithGLIFWCandthetribesinordertorelaybalancedunbiasednewstoadeservingpublic.SEMikeSimonsonWPRreporterpassesRememberedforhiscommitmenttothetruthSavetheDate2014WomenWaterBenefitWhenNovember292014900am1030pmWhereLCOCasinoConventionCenterWhatGuestspeakerspanelsrafesandvendorsWhyBenetfortheWomenandWaterComingTogetherSymposiumAugust2015RegistrationFeesEldersChildrenYouth17andunderFreeCollegeStudentsAdults25.00donationNon-GovernmentalOrganizations75.00GovernmentalOrganizations125.00GoodsTribalVendorFreeEducationalInformationalVendor50SponsorshipphotoreprintedfromWPRByJenBurnettGLIFWCOutreachSpecialistFormoreinformationcontactmbaker5806charter.netMAZINAIGANPAGE10WINTER2014-2015sisterwhoissaidtohavethehighestconcernforherfamilyandrelatives.Itissaidthatwhenwalkinginthewoodsthefragranceofnimissebalsamindicatesthetreeisgivingupprayersforthosethatcannotpraywhichisrelatedinthefollowingstory.Therewasamanwhohadseverallittlechildrenandtheywerestarving.Hewentoutonthelakefishing.Whenhecaughtabigfishthebiggesthehadeverseenhewasdeeplygratefulbutifhestoppedtogivethankshemightlosethisimportantfishandhislittlechildrenwouldgohungryyetanotherday.SoasheworkedtobringinthefishhecalledoutNimisseandthebalsamfirmadehisthanksgivingforhim.ManypeopletendtorecognizethecontemporaryusesofbalsamfirhoweverthetraditionalusessomeofwhichhavebeendocumentedinGLIFWCsinterac-tiveCD-ROMentitledOnjiakiingarealostknowledge.TheCDhighlightspurposesforseveralindigenousplantsthatdatebackseveralgenerations.ForinstanceeldersonthetopicofbalsamrelatethatthepitchfromthebarkwasgoodforchewinggumsealantandevenburnsaccordingtoKeewaydinoquay.Alsosaplingsweregoodlodgepolesandfenceposts.Duringthemaplesyrupseasonabranchofbalsamcouldbeplacedinboilingsaptocutdownthefoam.WhetheritsaChristmastreeafewhundreddollarsinboughsoraprayerbyfragrancenomatterwhatthecontextbalsamfirnimissecontinuestogiftitswonderfulresourcestothepeople.Aslongasharvestersandstewardsofnaturalresourcescontinuetoprotectandrespecttheforesttheresourcesmaystillthrive.Continuedfrompage1BalsamcontinuedTriballeaderstooktheopportunitytovisitwithtravelingsenatorsSenatorJonTesterMontanaChairmanoftheSenateCommitteeonIndianAffairsandWisconsinsSenatorTammyBaldwin.AnOctober21receptionanddinnersponsoredbyGLIFWCattheBadRiverLodgeandCasinoprovidedopportunityformeaningfuldialogueaswellasachancetoshowcasesomeofGLIFWCsprograms.PicturedaboveareBadRiverTribalChairmanMikeWigginsLacCourteOreillesTribalChairmanMicIshamSenatorJonTesterSenatorTammyBaldwinandSt.CroixTribalChairmanLewisTaylor.COR NAFWSLeadersinnaturalresourcemanagementandlawenforcementGreatLakestribescelebrateatregionalNAFWSgatheringLacduFlambeauWis.DrawingnaturalresourcesprofessionalsfromacrosstheUpperMidwestthe27thGreatLakesRegionalNativeAmericanFishWildlifeSocietyNAFWSCelebrationspotlightedanimpressivecross-sectionofworkunderwayinIndianCountrySeptember15-18.AlltheareasthatarecoveredthelevelofthepresenterstheprofessionalismitseemsliketheconferencegetsbettereveryyearsaidWilliamBaileyNAFWSregionaldirectorandchiefconservationofficerwiththeGrandPortageBand.BiologistsdetailedresearchonsubsistenceresourcesfromwalleyetowildricetomoosealongwithkeystonespecieslikewolvesenvironmentalresearchershighlightedstudiesonpollutionandclimatechangeinthenearbyLacduFlam-beauforestconservationofficersrefinedtheirskillswithweaponsandemergencyvehiclesandalsotrainedtotakeonillegalmarijuanagrowingoperations.RedLakewalleyestewardshipinthe21stCenturySeventeenyearsafterRedLaketribalfishersvotedtoclosetheircommercialfisheryduetolowwalleyenumbersanewheydayoffantasticfishingisunder-wayintheUnitedStatessixthlargestlake.FromthesurfaceoftwohugebasinsinnorthernMinnesotaUpperRedLakeandLowerRedLaketribalmembersangleunderan830000-poundannualwalleyequotaandtheirstate-licensedcounterpartsareallottedafour-fishdailybaglimit.Everyoneiscatchingfishonthe285000-acrejewelwhichincludes237000acrestreaty-reservedsince1889forBandmembers.RedLakeishometoahealthywalleyepopulationsaidPatBrownRedLakeBandfisheriesbiologist.TheBandandthestatesampleforwalleyeeveryyear.Weusethesamesurveymethodsandallthatdataisshared.BrownsaidthewalleyecrashanddramaticrecoveryhelpedstakeholdersbetterunderstandRedLakestremendouspotential.Withoutthemarkeddown-turndecision-makersmayhaveremainedmoreorlesssatisfiedwithanunder-performingfishery.IthinkweneededtohitbottomtobewhereweareattodayBrownsaid.TheBandMinnesotaDepartmentofNaturalResourcesandBureauofIndianAffairscollaboratedtorebuildthefisheryfrom1999-2006.Underpressurefromtribalandstatelawenforcementofficerspublicattitudesaboutthewalleyeresourcealsoexperiencedasignificantshift.Onthereserva-tionsidetherewasablackmarketforsellingwalleyestorestaurantsandotherplacesandonthestatesidetherewasthepracticeoftrippingcatchingalimitoffishtakingthembacktothecabinthengoingbackoutformoresaidBrown.Increasedlawenforcementhasreallyhelpedcombatthatillegalfishing.TodaythetribalfisheryprovidessupplementalincomeforRedLakemembersinadditiontofull-timeemploymentattheBandsRedLakeNationFisheriespro-cessingplant.Tribalanglersmaysellupto100walleyedailytotheplantwhichmarketsthecatchtorestaurantsandretailoutlets.Fewifanyfishermenareabletoachievethatkindofhook-and-linesuccessBrownsaid.On-reservationfishingpressureissolightBrownsaid.Peopleareonlynowlearninghowtoeffectivelycatchfishbyangling.TohelpkeeptheFisheriesplantwalleyefilletersbusyBandofficialsretainthreefishingcrewsthattargetmultipleyear-classesofwalleyewithgillnets.AsforthecrappiepopulationboomthatfilledthewalleyevoidaroundtheturnofthecenturyBrownsaidonlyalimitednumberoftheopportunisticpanfishliveon.ThosethatremainareexceptionalBrownsaidmeasuringaround16long.Formoreinformationseewww.redlakednr.orgFisheries.htmlTrainingtechnologyenhanceslawenforcementWith34yearsofexperiencetuckedunderhisdutybeltGrandPortageBandChiefWardenWilliamBaileyhaswitnessedagreatmanyadvancesinIndianCountrylawenforcement.Frominnovativeequipmenttospecializedtraining21stCenturywardenspatrolnorthernwoodsandwaterswithamodernedge.Theimprovementsfromjust5-10yearsagoareprettysignificantBaileysaid.Itwasntlongagowardenswerehaulingcarbatteriesbackintothewoodstopowersurveillanceequipment.Batterylifeissomuchbetternowcamerasaresmalleryoucanjustwalkinaquickset-upandwalkout.Motion-activatedcamerasareacustomarychoiceforinvestigatingillegalhuntingandbaiting.Todayscameraswhicharethesizeofalipsticktubeareincreasinglyusedtoinvestigateillegalmarijuanagrowingoperationsinremoteruralareas.Theseso-calledgrowsoftentimesappearinNationalForestsdamag-ingwoodlandsandcreeksandinvariablyresultinpollutionfromanassortmentofagriculturalwasteandtrashleftbehindbymenwholiveon-site.InjustthepastfewyearstribalstateandfederallawenforcementteamshaveraidedseveralgrowsinnorthernWisconsin.NinetypercentofthesuspectsatthesegrowsitesarearmedwithhandgunssomewithautomaticweaponssaidFredMaulsonGLIFWCChiefWarden.AsillegalmarijuanaoperationsmoveintoIndianCountryitsimportantfortribalofficerstoknowwhattolookforandbepreparediftheyencounteragrowsite.AfterNAFWSGreatLakeswardensfinishedacompetitiveshootattheLacduFlambeaugunrangeGLIFWCinstructorssetupabackwoodstrainingscenarioonhowtodealwithagrow.Followingclueslikeunusualroadsidemarkingstribalofficerstookonsuspectsarmedwithblank-shootingweaponsandusedtrackingskillsinfugitiveapprehension.AccordingtotheveteranwardenBaileyinformationsharingisoneofthehallmarksofsuccessfultriballawenforcementprograms.Ittakesparticipationfromdifferentdepartmentstogetallthoseideasouttheretogetpeoplethinkingaboutwhattypeofequipmentisreallynecessaryandwhatequipmentismoreforawishlist.ThanksgoesouttoGLIFWC.Helpingcreatethiskindofawarenesscanreallymakeadifference.Triballawenforcementdepartmentswhoparticipatedintheshootandorillegalmarijuanagrowtraininginclude1854TreatyAuthorityBadRiverBandBayMillsIndianCommunityGrandTraverseBandGLIFWCLacduFlambeauBandOneidaTribeLittleRiverBandLittleTraverseBandandWhiteEarthBand.ByCharlieOttoRasmussenStaffwriterNAFWSEducationCoordinatorSallyCarufel-WilliamsandhusbandRickWilliamsenjoyedbeautifulweatherandalunchfeaturingRedLakewalleyeonSeptember17alongtheLacduFlambeauChainofLakes.Carufel-WilliamsisanenrolledLacduFlambeauOjibweandWilliamsanOglalaLakotaandNorthernCheyenneisformerPresidentoftheAmericanIndianCollegeFund.photobyCharlieOttoRasmussenPAGE11MAZINAIGANWINTER2014-2015Illegalmarijuanagrowingoperationsareontheriseinnorthernforests.TohelptackletheupswingGLIFWCinstructorsofferedatrainingprogramfortribalofcersdetailingactivityassociatedwithgrowsandhowtodealwitharmedsuspects.INSETSimunitionsroundssoundlikerealammunitionbutonlydischargeanon-toxicpaintbullet.Eyeprotectionisamustinalltrainingsituations.photosbyCOR 2014MANOO2014ManoRicingthoughtsthegiveandthetake2014seasongoodinsomelakesnotsoinothersGivingbackAdamOjaGLIFWCwildlifetechnicianreseedsmanoominbedsinWhiteSandLakeVilasCountyWisconsin.photobyLisaDavidManoominSurveyPleasebelookingforGLIFWCswildriceharvestsurveyinthemailforthoseofyouwhopurchasedastatericinglicenseortakeourcalltotribalmembersasweaskaboutyourricingexperiencesagainthisyear.GLIFWCWildlifeTechni-cianAdamOjawillbeaskingaboutthenumberoftripsandthenumberofpoundsyouroff-reservationharvestingnettedaswellasyouropinionsabouttheseason.Whilethesesurveysmayseemcoldandscientificcomparedtothewarmrelationshipofreciprocitywehavewithmanoominthedatacanhelpusgivebacktotheplant.BrennanCorbineBadRivertribalmemberage14knocksriceforthersttimeatWisconsinsIslandLakeduringthe2014manoominharvestingseason.photobyDylanJenningsNeartheshoreofPacwawongLakeLacCourteOreillesSchoolstudentRavenheartQuagonspreadsoutfreshlyharvestedmanoomintodry.Quagonandherclassmatesalsodiscoveredricewormsintheharvestwhichtheypromptlyickedoffintothegrass.photobyCharlieOttoRasmussenMAZINAIGANPAGE12ByLisaDavidGLIFWCManoominBiologistOdanahWis.RobinWallKimmererswonderfulbookBraidingSweetgrassisfueledbytheauthorsinsightintothelifeandteachingpoweroftheplantworld.Woventhroughouthermanypersonalstoriesandeducationalessaysistheideaofreciprocitytheconceptofgivingback.Thisgotmethinkingabouthowthiscouldberelatedtoourmanoominrestora-tioneffortsatGLIFWC.AgainparaphrasingKimmererbyrestoringthewildricebedswerestoreourselves.Onewaywegivebackisbyreseeding.IthoughtbacktothedaythisfallwhenWildlifeTechnicianAdamOjaandIluggedacanoeloadedwith300poundsofgreenriceoverabeaverdamintoalakethatlookedreadytosupportitsownricebed.Thebottomwassoftandflocculentthewaterwasclearcoldandnottoodeep.AlongtheshorelineAdamandIspottedanadultmigiziperchedinatallsprucetree.Itappearedtobepatientlyurgingitsyoungsterinthenexttreetodomorethanstretchitswingswhilesecurelyclingingtoabranch.Wethoughtthattheeagleswereagoodsignforasuccessfulseedingeffort.Justbeingtherethatdaydoingwhatweweredoingseemedtobeagift.Itisalsosaidwegivebackasweharvestrice.Thepersonwhopolesguidesthecanoeandtheknockerperhapsabettertitlewouldbecoaxerbendstheripenedheadsovertheopenboat.Inevitablythosetotallyripenedgrainstheonesyoumostcovetspringbackwardsofftheplantandgentlyfallintothewatertowaitoutthewinterinthesedimentstofuelanothercycleofabundancethefollowingspring.Reciprocity.Thericebenefitstheharvestertheharvesterbenefitstherice.Andnowanotherricingseasonhascometoaconclusion.Likeothersinthenorthmyfamilywasabletoreplenishourmanoominsupplywithacouplericingtrips.IngeneralitseemeditwasmoreofaspottycropthisyearinnorthernWisconsinwithstormsunevenlyimpactingbedsthroughoutthegrowingseasonyetthericewaswillingtoshareallitcould.Wethinkthatthefallsurveysofricerswillshowthatthe2014harvestwasntabanneryearnorwasitabustformanoomin.Thosewhogotoutsawsomebedsexpandingfromlastyearandalsosawotherbedslookingalittlethinner.Thosesitesknownaslate-to-ripendidwellwhilehighwaterimpactedsomewatersespeciallythosewatersinthewesternpartofthestate.Butsogoesthestoryoftheannualgrassweknowandloveasmanoomin.Nomatterwhatthesurveyresultsshowitwasstillpleasanttospendtimewithfriendsaswefinishedourricetogethersharingamealeatinginshiftstoaccommo-datetheconstantattentiontheparchingrequired.Forthiswethanktheplantsforalltheygivetousandhopeweareasconsiderateinreturn.BesidestheseedingeffortmentionedaboveGLIFWCalsopurchasedgreenriceonbehalfofseveralmembertribesincludingKeweenawBayLacduFlambeauLacVieuxDesertRedCliffandStCroixaswellasfrequentseedingpartnertheUSForestService.HopefullytheseeffortswillberewardedwiththeappearanceofthedelicatefloatingleafstageplantsnextJuneandperhapsthesoundofripegraindroppingintocanoesandlakesnextSeptember. INSEASONminseasonNoboundariesmanoominikeSeeleyWis.NearthelowrapidswheretheNamekagonRiverspillsoutofPacwawongLakeLacCourteOreillesLCOSchoolsetupmanoomincampunderacanopyofmaturepines.NowinitssecondseasonthegatheringisaremarkablethrowbacktowhenOjibwekidsroutinelybypassedtheclassroomjoiningfamiliesandfriendsduringpeakdaysontheseasonalharvestcycle.Whenitstimeforricingcamporsugarbushyougoanddoit.ThatsthemostimportantthinghappeningthatswhatyoudosaidJasonBisonetteOjibweCultureCoordinatorforLCOSchool.Whatweredoinghereisdemonstratingthatcurriculumandculturalidentitycanbeintegrated.ScienceengineeringandtraditionalOjibweknowledgearetogethernotcompartmentalized.OnthisstunninglateSeptemberdayaround75studentsaccompaniedschoolteachersandsupportstafftoharvestandprocesswildricearesourceprofoundlyimportanttoOjibwepeople.ConsideredagiftfromtheCreatormanoomininhabitsacentralroleintheAnishinaabeMigrationstorytheaquaticgrainmoreoverprovidedcenturiesofnutritionalsustenancetonativepeopleduringharshnorthernwinters.Manooministhereasonwerehere.ItsoneoftheoriginalfoodsthathasallowedOjibwepeopletoflourishBisonettesaid.Thetriumphofclearingoutanentireschooltogathermanoo-minwasmadebetterbyanefforttolift-upafellowstudentwhohadnevercanoedletaloneknockedwildrice.WithguidancefromLCOinstructorsandsomecreativeengineeringagroupofupperclassmenfiguredouthowtogetschoolmateArthurFlemingsafelyinacanoeandharvestingwildricemanoominikefortheveryfirsttime.ItsimportantthateverychildatLCOSchoolspre-Kthroughgrade12hastheopportunitytogoricingsaidBisonette.Bornwithspinabifidanearly13yearsagoFleminggrewuparoundwildricelakesbutlimitedmobilitykepthimoffthewater.EnterLCOteacherTammyMoncelsProjectLeadtheWayclass.ProjectLeadtheWayisaSTEM-basedsciencetechnologyengineeringmathcurriculumdesignedtoencouragelearningandcommunityengagementamongK-12students.MoncelandBisonettechallengedtheclasstodesignandconstructaplatformthatwouldallowFlemingtoharvestmanoominrightalongwiththeentireLCOSchool.SomeofourbestideascamefromsomeofthecraziestplacessaidLCOseniorBillyJackParent.Therewasalotofbrainstorming.Weconsideredeverythingrightupuntilthelastday.Burstingfallcolorandmid-daysunshinebathedtheLCOcampSeptember22.EarlyreportsfromstudentricersaffirmedthatPacwawongmanoominwasripefall-ingintocanoeswithgentleencouragementfromcedarknockers.FlemingandhismotherMaureenQuagonwatchedastheyoungmenofProjectLeadtheWayfittedacustomwoodenbracketintoa17-footcanoefromFlemingswheelchairtheyunboltedandremovedtherubbercastors.Justaboutreadytolaunch.OnthecountofthreestudentsandteachershoistedFlemingandthewheel-lesschairintothecanoefixturelockingtheapparatusinplace.IthinktheseboysareprettyspecialsaidaheartenedMaureenQuagon.Theyhavesuchtalent.FleminggrinnedasvolunteerscarriedthefiberglasscanoetothewatersedgewherehejoinedhisadultricingpartnersBisonetteandBudmanMorrow.UnderwatchfulescortfromotherboatersincludingtheLCOstudentengineersandGLIFWCOfficerBradKacizakthe7th-graderscanoecrossedastretchofopenwaterthendisappearedintoadensesweepoftawnymanoominplants.BisonettesencouragingwordsandthesoftdrumofwildricesticksfloatedabovethemanoominstandmixingwiththenearbyvoicesofLCOstudents.Flemingandhisclassmateswerefullyengagedharvestingwildrice.Backonshoreatcampstudentsspreadouttheirharvestonabluetarpoccasion-allythrowinghandfulsintoasteeldrumparchingthericeoverawoodfire.ItsimportantforusasaschoolcommunitytodothisBisonettesaid.Wereallinthistogetherandweallhavearoletoplay.ByCharlieOttoRasmussenStaffwriterInacanoepoweredbyBudmanMorrowfrontandJasonBisonetteLCOSchool7thgraderArthurFlemingjoinedhisclassmatesonPacwawongLakeinnorthernWisconsin.CORStudentsandLCOteacherscarryagrinningArthurFlemingdowntothePacwawongLakeshorelineSeptember22.AgroupofstudentsinTammyMoncelsProjectLeadtheWayclassengineeredacustomseatallowingFlemingtorideinacanoeandharvestwildricefortheveryrsttime.CORLCOSchool9th-graderAnthonyCongertakesaturnparchingwildrice.CORCurriculumandculturalidentitycanbeintegrated.ScienceengineeringandtraditionalOjibweknowledgearetogethernotcompartmentalized.JasonBisonetteLCOSchoolAttentionTribalRicersWanttobelistedasaretailoutletforfinishedmanoominGLIFWCwouldbehappytoaddyourcontactinformationinourwildricebrochure.Contactusat715-685-2150ore-mailpioglifwc.orgwithyourinformation.PAGE13MAZINAIGAN ENFORCEMENTOdanahWis.FundedthroughtheNationalOceanicandAtmosphericAdministrationsNOAASeaGrantprogramaneducationalprogramtargetingbothgillnettersandrec-reationalboatersanglershasbeenlaunchedwiththehopesofdiminishingthenumberofdamagedorlostnetsinLakeSuperior.WorkingwithpartnersSeaGrantandtheApostleIslandsSportFisher-mensAssociationGLIFWCwardensHeatherNaigusandDanNortharedevel-opingeducationalmaterialsincludingtwo5-minutevideostobetterinformbothnettersandsportanglersaboutnetsettingandsituationsinvolvingnets.Onevideostresseshowtosetnetssafelyandincludesalltheregulationssurroundingcommercialnetsforbothtribalandnon-tribalgillnetters.Thesecondvideoisdesignedfortheanglerwhomaycomeincontactwithasetnet.Itwilldiscusshowtobestextractequipmentfromanetwheretoreportthenetandhowtomarkthenetifithastobecuttoextractequipmentandthusleavingadriftingnetorsegmentofnet.DownriggersbeingcaughtinsetnetsisonefairlycommonproblemaccordingtoNaigus.Thesevideoswillbeavailableonthewebandwillbeshownatvarioussportclubmeetingsandtribalprograms.AnotheraspectofthegrantwillfeaturenetmakingwithNorthdemonstratinghowtoproperlymakeagillnet.Theoverallgoalistoreducethenumberoflostorghostnetsoftenaresultofeitherimpropermarkingoranincidentwherethenethasbeencutandlefttodrift.In2014Northreportsretrievingabout70008000feetoflostnetintheMichiganwatersofLakeSuperiorthroughSeptember.Thoseretrievalsarelargelyaresultofreportsfromboaterswhocanprovidecoordinatesofthenetslocation.Sometimeslostnetsarenotreportedbecausepeopledontknowwhotoreportthemto.ItishopedthatthisoutreacheffortwillhelpgetthewordoutsofolksknowwhotocontactifalostnetissightedsaysNorth.ReportnetstoGLIFWCat715-685-2114.PreventionisthekeyinSeaGrantGLIFWCpartnershipEducationfocusesongillnetissuesBySueEricksonStaffWriterNorthis2014OfceroftheYearFromtheleftNorthispicturedwithNativeAmericanFishandWildlifeSocietyGreatLakesRegionalDirectorsBillBaileyandDonReiter.CORAgrantfundedbytheNationalOceanicandAtmosphericAdministrationsSeaGrantProgramaimsatdiminishingthenumberofdamagedorlostnetsinLakeSuperior.AboveGLIFWCWardenHeatherNaigusispicturedwithaghostnetmarker.GhostnetscanbereportedtoGLIFWCathttpglifwc.orgghostnet.htmlorbyphone715685-2114.photobyDanNorthLacduFlambeauWis.TheNativeAmericanFishWildlifeSocietyNAFWShasnamedGLIFWCOfficerDanNorththePatriciaM.ZakovecMemorialConservationOfficeroftheYear.Withhiswifeandparentsinatten-danceNorthreceivedtheawardSeptember17atLacduFlambeauduringtheGreatLakesRegionalNAFWSannualconference.NorthhasworkedatGLIFWCsincethelate1990soccupyingarangeoflimitedtermpositionsincludingsealampreycontrolandLakeSuperiorfisher-iesaide.From2000totheendof2007Northservedasawildlifetechnician.In2008hemovedtotheGLIFWCEnforcementDivisionaswardenpatrollingbothLakeSuperiorandtheinlandcededterritoriesofUpperMichiganandnorthernWisconsin.NorthisaBadRivermemberandlivesnearOdanahWisconsin.TheawardsnamesakethelatePatriciaZakovecwasaGLIFWCdeputyadministratorinthe1980sandachampionofexpandingtheroleoftribalwardens.PatZakovecwasheroicinthepushfortribalconservationofficersrecog-nitionsaidWilliamBaileyGrandTraverseBandChiefWarden.ShesawthevitalrolecontributedbywardensthroughouttheGreatLakesregion.PastrecipientsoftheZakovecOfficeroftheYearawardincludeGLIFWCsKenRuskandFredMaulson.ByCharlieOttoRasmussenStaffWriter201415GLIFWCenforcementyouthactivitieseducationAlldatesaretentativeandsubjecttochange.Forupdatedinformationontheseeventsandotherspleasebesuretocheckourwebsiteatwww.glifwc.orgvisitusonFacebookorcallyournearestGLIFWCwarden.ClipSaveClassDatePlaceContactATVSnowmobileDecember6-7LacCourteOreillesMikePopovich715.292.7535LaurenTuori715.292.8343SnowmobileDecember14-17MilleLacsRobinArunagiri715.889.0734SnowmobileJanuary14-16St.CroixBradKacizak715.562.0030TrapperEd.March14-15LacCourteOreillesMikePopovich715.292.7535LaurenTuori715.292.8343GLIFWCWardenDanielPerraultassistedwithahuntersafetyclassattheKeweenawBayOjibwaCommunityCollegeinJuly.Followingclassroominstructionstudentsheadedtotheeldtohandlenon-ringsafegunsandthenmadetheirwaytotheshootingrangetore.22caliberlongries.410shotgunscompoundbowsandcrossbows.staffphotoMAZINAIGANPAGE14WINTER2014-2015 ENFORCEMENTServingasawardenduringGLIFWCsforma-tiveyearsMaynardR.PlugWhitebirdaBadRivertribalmemberwalkedonAugust122014.MaynardjoinedGLIFWCsEnforcementDivisionin1984andservedasChiefWardenfrom1986through1988.Heencounteredmuchoftheviolentprotestsatspringspearfishinglandingsthatcharacterizedthoseyears.GLIFWCenforcementandbiologicalstaffmonitoredopenspearfishinglandingsnightlyandhadthesometimesdifficulttaskofdevelopingrela-tionshipswithlocalenforcementagenciesmanywhoopposedtreatyrights.Hehelpedlayimportantfoundations.Ina2004interviewwithGLIFWCInternBrooksBauerMaynardsharedhismemoriesofthoseyears.AshortsegmentfromthatinterviewfollowsThebiggestthingwasourfishingseason.Spear-ingwasnotrealpopular...Itwasntfunitwasscaryveryintense.ButIhavetogiveourtribalmemberscredittheyhadalotgutsforstillgoingoutthereeventhoughtheywerebeingthreatenedandIhavetogivethemalotofcreditforactuallyexercisingtheirrightswhentherewasarealchanceofgettingseriouslyhurt.Itwasgrowingpainsandgrowingexperience.ItwasnewtothepeopleofWisconsinandeverybodywasknockingonourdoorasfarasourreservationandallofsuddenweareintheirbackdoor.TherewasalotofcontroversyalotofthingstodealwithIguess.Wemetwithsomeofthecountiesandeventhoughtheysaidtheywouldntsupportustheysaidtheyweregoingtoenforcethelawandallowustoprotectourpeoplewhentheyareoutfishing.Theyrealizedtheyhadaresponsibilityeventhoughtheydidnotlikeit.TheDNRwouldnegotiatewithyouandturnaroundandlietotheirpeopleandthepaper.SoitmadeitrealdifficultforourpeopletoexerciseourrightsinthecededterritoryIwasrealhappyattheprofessionalismofthepeoplethatworkedformeatthetimeandthepeoplethatsupportedthetreatyrightsandthepeopleforexerciseingourtreatyrights.Ittookrealcourage.MaynardwasbornApril91952inMilwaukeetheoldestsonofMaynardE.andJoyceMadayWhitebird.HegraduatedfromAshlandHighSchoolin1970.HebeganhisenforcementcareerwithAshlandCountySheriffsDepartmentpriortojoiningGLIFWCsstaff.FollowinghisyearswithGLIFWCheworkedfortheBadRiverHousingAuthority.MaynardwasmarriedtoJudyDunlapBrownfrom1972-1989.HehadtwodaughtersMarcyWhitebirdMichaelFlandersandBetsyChrisFauerbach.HemovedtoMadisonin2007tobeclosetohisdaughtersandgrandsonHenryFauerbach.MaynardslifewascelebratedattheBadRiverCommunityCenterinOdanahonAugust22withanothercelebrationslatedlaterintheMadisonarea.OneofGLIFWCsoriginalwardenswalksonGLIFWCwardengetshighscoreatDuckSchoolTheWis-consinWater-fowlAssocia-tionWWArecentlyrecog-nizedGLIFWCWardenJordanMcKellipsforattainingthehighestscoreontheDuckSchoolfinalexamination.DuckSchoolisactuallytheWisconsinDepartmentofNaturalResourcesfallWaterfowlEnforcementTrainingafive-dayintensivesessiononwater-fowlregulationsandidentificationfornewrecruits.AshighscorerMcKellipsreceivedahardcoversetofDucksGeeseSwansofNorthAmericafromWWA.GLIFWCrecruitDanielPerraultalsoattendedthetrainingwhichtookplaceinLaCrosseWisconsin.Ondutyduringthecontroversialspearshingseasoninthelate1980sMaynardWhitebirdservedasaGLIFWCwardenandalsoaschiefwarden.AboveheisseenonthelefttalkingwithamemberoftheAshlandCountySheriffsDepartment.staffphotoTheU.S.DepartmentofJusticerecentlyawardedGLIFWCsEnforcementDivisiona301000CommunityOrientedPolicingSystemsCOPSgrant.ThegrantgivesthedivisionaboostinprovidingtrainingequipmentofficersafetysuppliesandbasicissueitemsforGLIFWCsconservationofficers.TrainingsessionsinthegrantincluderuraldruggangTaserhumantrack-ingfirearmssimunitionsandemergencyvehicleoperatortraining.TwonewtrucksonesnowmobilethreeATVsandtwoboatmotorandtrailerunitsarealsocoveredinthegrant.TasersmarinesurvivalsuitsandnightvisionequipmentareamongsupplyitemstobeacquiredwiththeCOPSfundsalongwiththereplacementofseveralradiosandbasicsupplies.GLIFWCsEnforcementDivisionhasbenefittedfromanumberofCOPSgrantsovertheyearsstatesGLIFWCChiefWardenFredMaulsonandthosedollarshavecontributedsignificantlytowardssafetyforourofficersaswellasprovidingthetrainingnecessarytoservenotonlyourmembertribesbutalsothegreatercommunity.GLIFWCofficersroutinelyenforceoff-reservationtreatyseasonsandalsohaveworkedwithlocallawenforcementonnumerousoccasionsinclud-ingdrugbustsicerescuemissionsandcommunityoutreachprograms.SEGLIFWCEnforcementgetsboostfromCOPSgrantBySueEricksonStaffWriterReminderRememberMazinaiganonlycomesoutthreetimesayearnow.OurnextissuewillbeinearlyMay2015.WewishyouallawonderfulholidayseasonandagreatnewyearMoleLakeReservationWis.ForthefifthconsecutiveyeartheTrapperEducationcourseatMoleLakebroughttogethertribalmembersandnon-mem-berstolearnaboutfurbearerspeciestrappingtechniquesandhandlingoffur.Studentslearnedmanyhands-onskillsthatwillaidintheirfuturetrappingendeavors.StudentswalkedaquartermilestretchofSwampCreekinchestwadersasinstructorspointedoutavarietyofwatersetsusedfortrappingmuskratandraccoon.Laterstudentspracticedmakingtheirowndirtholesetsacommontypeofdrylandsetutilizedprimarilyfortrappingfoxandcoyote.Ademonstrationoffleshingoutandstretchingaraccoonhidetaughtstudentshowtocareforandhandlefuraftertrappingananimal.Throughoutthecoursetheinstruc-torsstressedtheimportanceofethicalandresponsibletrapping.TheleadinstructorGLIFWCWardenRogerTrappereducationcoursestressesethicsresponsibilityByLaurenTuoriGLIFWCWardenMcGeshickrepeatedlyemphasizedthattrappersshouldonlysettrapsiftheycouldcheckthemdailyorasfrequentlyasrequiredbylaw.McGeshickunder-scoredtheresponsibilitythatthetrapperhastotheanimalheorshehastrappedtoshowrespecttothatanimaltotreatithumanelyandtoutilizeasmuchoftheanimalaspossible.Atotalofnineteenstudentscom-pletedthecoursewhichisrequiredtoobtainaWisconsinstatetrappinglicense.ThoughTrapperEducationisnotrequiredfortribalmemberstotraponpubliclandinthecededterritorymanytribalmemberschoosetotakethecoursetofurthertheirtrappingknowledgeandincasetheyopttotraponprivatelandunderstateregulations.TheTrapperEducationcourseisoneofthemostpopularcoursesofferedbyGLIFWCgamewardens.Studentstravelledfromasfarawayasfourhourstoattendtheclass.MoleLakeSokaogonChippewatribeandthePotawatomitribewererepresentedaswellasmanynon-members.McGeshickteachestheclasseachyearonthefirstweekendoftheStateofWisconsintrappingseasonaddingtoitspopularity.Thisyearthecoursefilledupwithinacoupleofdaysfromthetimeitwasfirstlistedonline.TheTrapperEducationcoursewastaughtbyMcGeshickwithassistancefromGLIFWCWardenLaurenTuoriandDNRWardenBradDahlquist.GLIFWCWardenDanielPerraultalsoattendedthecourseasastudent.PAGE15MAZINAIGANWINTER2014-2015GLIFWCWardenRogerMcGeshickdemonstratesscrapingahideaspartofhispopularTrappingEducationclasswhichtakesparticipantsthroughthetrappingexperiencefromstarttonish.photobyLaurenTuori ACT31SANDYLAKEOgichidaagWarriorsintheclassroomByDylanJenningsGLIFWCPIOLTEMadisonWis.ThesoundsofMishomisDeweiganGrandfatherDrumandtheminglingofacademicprofessionalsblendedwelltheeveningofAugust19th.Agrandentrysongfollowedbyaflagandveteranssongbegantheeveningsceremony.Itsbeen25yearssincethebeginningofAct31alawsetintoplaceforWisconsinschooldistrictsmandatingtheimplementationofAmericanIndiancultureandhistoryintoclassroomcurriculumagiantleapforwardincounteringracismandmisunderstanding.BuckMartinstategovernmentrelationsspecialistandtriballiaisonservedasthemasterofceremoniesfortheeveningsession.InvitedguestspeakersincludedSuperintendentTonyEversWisconsinDepartmentofPublicInstructionDPIAlanCaldwellretirededucatorDr.JPLearyUniversityofWisconsin-GreenBayPriscillaClevelandTomahSchoolDistrictDr.PattyLoewUniversityofWisconsin-MadisonFinnRyanWisconsinMediaLabAaronBirdBearUniversityofWisconsin-MadisonandMikDerksWisconsinPublicTelevision.Act31passedinresponsetoaracistbacklashfollowingthe1983LCODeci-sionalsoknownastheVoigtDecisionaffirmingOjibwetreatyrightstohuntfishandgather.Thebacklashledtoprostestsandthreateningdemonstrationsinthemid-80sandearly90s.Theseactsofviolencetowardstribalpeoplecreatedtensionfeltacrossthecountry.Tribalharvestersfoundthemselvesamongsthun-dredsofprotestorseachnightattheboatlandingswhiletryingtoprovideogaawalleyefortheirfamilies.Unfortunatelymanychildrenbecomemirrorimagesoftheirparents.NativeAmericanstudentsinWisconsinschoolsbecamesubjecttotheveryracismtheirparentshadfeltatboatlandings.Nativechildrenofthiserahadtocopewithinsur-mountableracismandprejudice.Thiscourseofeventssparkedthemovementtohelpchangethesituationandattentionwasturnedtotheeducationsystemrealizingsomeofthebacklashwasaresultofignoranceabouttribesandtreaties.EducatorsweregenuinelyworriedaboutwhatwasbeingtaughtornotbeingtaughtintheschoolsregardingAmericanIndianhistoryandculture.RecognizingtheformidablechallengestoeducatorsAllenCaldwellelderveteranandretirededucatortoldtheaudienceIamproudtobeaveteranandtohaveservedmycountryasanogichidaawarrior.HoweverIhavealwaysconsideredtheteachersandeducatorsthatworkwithouryouthonadailybasistoalsobeogichidaa.Onechallengeisrecognizingandincorporatingculturalknowledgeintothecurriculumknowledgethatissometimesnotgivenrecognitionbecausethosewhocarryitmaynothavetheacademiccredentialsdemandedbysocietytoday.RobinCarufelconsultantwasoneoftheinvitedguestspeakersfortheeveningwhorecalledthestruggletomakeothersrealizetheimportanceoftheeldersandtheknowledgethattheycarry.CarufelexplainedthataPhDdoesntnecessarilymakesomebodyanexpertaswearealwayslearning.Hestressedthatthetraditionalknowledgethatislearnedfromoureldersisjustasvaluableasthethingstaughtinschoolsanduniversities.OureldersneverhadPhDsinwigwammakinghesaidbuttheknowledgewasthere.Theworkofteachersandeducatorsisnoeasytask.ThestruggletokeepAmericanIndianhistoryandculturewithintheschoolswillcontinuehoweverthenextgenerationofeducatorsandleadersseemreadyandmoreequippedtopickuptheslackandacceptthechallengeaheadofthem.Act31hasprovidedavaluableimpetustocarrythischallengeforward.Chi-miigwechtoBrianJacksonWisconsinIndianEducationAssociationandDavidOConnorDPIandallwhohelpedtoputonthewonderfulevent.Justasawarrioratrueogichidaaknowsthattheworkisneverfinished.AlanCaldwellretirededucatoralongwithDr.JPLearyUWGreenBayandDavidOConnorDepartmentofPublicInstructionpresentsuperintendentTonyEverswithabeadedmedallionforhisyearsofserviceandcommitmenttoAct31.photobyDylanJenningsCelebrating25yearsofAct31SandyLakeceremoniesdrawrecordnumbersMcGregorMinn.SandyLakeceremoniesdrewrecordnumberstotheSandyLakeRecreationSitenearMcGregorMinnesotatorememberthe1850-1851SandyLakeTragedyandtheOjibweancestorswhoperishedthereorontheirreturnhome.About350peopleparticipatedintheJuly14rememberance.AnannualGLIFWC-sponsoredeventtheSandyLakeCeremoniesbeganwithamorningceremonyandasymbolicpaddleacrossSandyLaketotheArmyCorpsofEngineersRecreationSitewheretheMik-wendaagoziwagTheyarerememberedMemorialstands.Constructedin2001themonumentisasacredmemorialtothesufferingsenduredbythousandsofOjibwewhowereluredtoSandyLakelateinthefallforanannuitypaymentthatwaslatetoarrive.HopingitwouldbetoolateinthewinterseasonfortheOjibwetoreturnthosewhoarrangedthepaymentwantedtoforcetheOjibwetopermanentlyrelocatetoMinnesota.Whilehundredsdiedonthesiteduetodeplorableconditionsandlackoffoodastheywaitedfortheannuityhundredsalsoperishedasthoseancestorsresolutelymadetheirwayhomeonfootthroughtheiceandsnow.About400stonesareembeddedinthemonumentasatributetothosewhodied.DuringSandyLakeCeremoniesoncethepaddlershavelandednoonceremoniesareheldatthemonumentsitealongwithdrummingbytheMoleLakeDrum.Afeastandsocialtimefollows.SueEricksonAmorningceremonyprecedesthepaddleacrossSandyLaketotheArmyCorpsofEngineersRecreationsitewheretheMikwendaagoziwagMemorialstands.CORAfterthepaddleceremoniesandafeastareheldattheMikwendaagoziwagMemorial.ThememorialstandsasatributetoOjibweancestorswhoperishedthereorontheirreturnhome.photobyCharlieOttoRasmussenMAZINAIGANPAGE16WINTER2014-2015 NATHPOCONFERENCEDeweigandrumsoundsasthe2014NationalAssociationforTribalHistoricPreservationOfcersbeginswithagrandentryandpostingofeaglestaffs.photobyDylanJenningsPAGE17MAZINAIGANWINTER2014-2015Nationalconf.highlightstribalchallengestoprotectNativelandssacredsitesByDylanJenningsGLIFWCPIOLTEMilwaukeeWis.Putover170tribalhistoricpreservationofficersTHPOfederalrepsandcommunityleaderstogetherandwhatdoyougetThe2014con-ventionofNationalAssociationofTribalHistoricPreservationOfficersNATHPOofcourse.ThisyearsnationalconferencewasheldatthePotawatomiCasinoinMilwaukeeWisconsin.SoundsofMishomisDeweiganGrandfatherDrumrangthroughoutthecasinoasthe2014conferencewasunderwaywithagrandentryflagsongandaprayer.NATHPOwasfoundedin1998asanon-profitmembershipassociationforTHPO.NATHPOspurposeistosupportpreservationmaintenanceandrevitaliza-tionofthecultureandtraditionsofNativepeoplesoftheUnitedStates.Theneces-sityforthisorganizationcamefromtheincreasingpressuretobuildandexpandinareasofspiritualandculturalvaluetoNativeAmericangroupsthroughouttheUnitedStates.NATHPOconsistsofalltheTHPOswhoworknonstoptopreservelanguagecultureandheritage.Formanytribesthenaturalresourcesandlandscapeinwhichtheyresideallowforthepracticeofinvaluabletraditionsandceremonies.Thisinherenttietothelandmakesitabsolutelynecessarytoquestionminingprojectsrailwayconstructionandforeignenergyintrusionsintotheearth.BadRiverTHPOEdithLeosooutlinesonecommonissue.ThisyearanoverallconcernfromTHPOsnationwidedealtwithminingandminingprocessingimpactsonenvironmentandhistoricpropertiesandsitesshestates.ByconsensusminingseemstobenegativelyimpactingindigenousgroupsthroughoutIndianCountry.OneoftheissuesthatconcernedLeosothemostdealtwiththeAdvisoryCouncilonHistoricPreservationACHPandtheirdesignationtodevelopastreamlineprocesstoreviewlandscapes.Sheisconcernedthatthisattempttohastentheprocessforindustrialdevelopmentonlandscapescouldbeextremelydetrimentaltotribesandthehistoricpreservationcurrentlytakingplace.OnFridayoftheconferenceapowerpointdisplayed50verbsdescribingTHPOresponsibilities.HowevermosttribesonlymaintainfundingforaTHPOstaffofone.Inmanycasesthisonepersonhandlesconsultationsmeetingswithdevelopersconferencesandavastarrayofotherresponsibilities.Sometimestheseindividualsareleftwithnootherchoicethantoprioritizeaprojectoverotherprojectsduetolimitedassistance.HoweveraftermanyyearsofunderfundingandexhaustingresponsibilitiesACHPannounceditsproposaltoincreasefundingwhichcurrentlycomesfromoffshoreoilleases.Theideastemsfromthenecessitytogivebacktoenvironmentalandculturalprogramsasatradeoffforoildrilling.TheNATHPOconferencesarealwaysinspiringandtheyalwaysoffermanyteachingstobringbacktoyourowncommunitysaysLeoso.Hearingover50differentlanguagesandintroductionswastrulyempower-ing.Everyrepresentativestoodandintroducedhimorherselfaccordingtowheretheycamefrom.Itsnoteverydaythatsomanywonderfuldedicatedpeopleareabletositdowntogetherandsharethoughtprogressandagoodlaughortwo.GLIFWCwashonoredtohaveapresenceatsuchagroundbreakingconferenceandrecognizestheseriouschallengestothepreservationofcultureandtribalsites.GLIFWCsANAforestpestprojectTheprojectOnahappiernotethehighlightoftheyearwasthemeetingsheldwitheldersgatherersandnaturalresourcestafffromallelevenGLIFWCmembertribes.Participantsbravedearlyspringrainsleetandsnowtosharetheirknowledgeandconcerns.Theytoldusabouttheiruseofashoakmaplebirchbalsamfirhemlockcedarandothertreesaswell.Theytalkedaboutthequalityofmaterialstheyneedhowthesematerialsareharvestedandhowthisharvestrelatestoandstrength-ensOjibwetraditions.Theytalkedaboutthecriticalrolethesetreesplayintheenvironmentandhowtheymustbecaredforandrespected.Theyalsoshoweduswheretheyandtheirfamiliesharvestedthesetrees.Thisinformationwillbeinvaluableaswedevelopriskmodelstotryandpredictwherethesepestsaremostlikelytoshowupwithinthecededterritoryandwheretheymaydothemostdamage.Therecordingsofthesemeetingshavebeencarefullytranscribedbyourtwopersistentprojectsecretariesandwillberetainedbythetribesforfuturereference.Chi-migwechtoallwhoparticipatedStilltocomeDuringthethirdandfinalyearofthisprojectamodelcodewillbedraftedtoregu-latetheharvestandtransportofforestproductswithinthe18361837and1842cededterritories.Bestmanagementpracticesandresponseplanswillbedevelopedinordertotryandpreventtheintroduc-tionandlimitthespreadofforestpestswithinthecededterritories.Theseplansandregulationswillbereviewedbymembertribesandrevisedasneededbeforebeingenacted.Publicoutreachduringthisstageoftheprojectwillbecriticalininformingtribalcom-munitiesandothersabouttheseregulationsandhowtheycanavoidspreadingthesedestruc-tivepests.AcknowledgmentsWewouldliketothanktheAdministrationforNativeAmericansACFUSDepartmentofHealthandHumanServicesforfundingthisproject.Andwecantthankthetribaleldersandotherparticipantsenoughforsharingtheirknowledgestoriesandadvice.Ateverymeetingwelearnedthingswehadntknownbeforeandthatopenedoureyestonewwaysofdealingwiththeseseriousthreatstotheforest.ThisfamiliarbumperstickersaysitallphotobyInternationalSocietyofArboricultureBugwood.orgContinuedfrompage6DontletforestharveststraditionsandincomebecomeathingofthepastphotobyCORThegrandopeningofthenewculturalcenteratLacduFlambeaumarkedapositivechangeinhistory.Thebuildingwaspreviouslyusedasofcesandstoragehoweverpriortothisitwasusedasaboysdormitoryduringtheboardingschoolandassimilationera.photobyDylanJennings CULTURALPerseverancebringsprotectiontoPentogaParkburialsiteCrystalFallsMich.BrightyellowleavesformedasoftmataroundtheSpiritHousesrestingonthecrestofahillthatdescendstoChicaugonLakeinCrystalFallsMichigan.ThescenewasonceofavibrantOjibwecommunitywhosevillagespreadoverthehillsideborderingthelake.Tuckeddeeplyinthewoodstodayitisacounty-ownedparkcalledPentogaParkmanagedbyIronCounty.IfeelsafeheretodaystatesgiiwegiizhigookwayMartinLacVieuxDesertsLVDtribalhistoricpreservationofficerTHPObutwhenIfirstcameherein2007IfeltsadverysadandtroubledThestoryofLVDsstruggleoverPentogaParkbeganin2006whenatribalmemberwhohadcampedattheextensiveparkcalledMartinsatten-tiontotheSpiritHousesthereandthefactthatcampingwasallowedinverycloseproximitytothem.ThisledMartintoaninvestigativevisitin2007toseeforherselftheconditionsurroundingthisoldOjibweburialsite.Therewasapathrightthroughthemiddleofthesite.Kidswereridingtheirbicyclesthroughthere.Campersandhook-upsabuttedSpiritHouses.Someoneevenhadasun-showerstrungonatreeover-hangingonetheoldburialhousesshestates.ThescenewasdeeplytroublingforMartinwhoalsowonderedwhatotherburialsmightbebeneaththesurfaceofthisnowpopularplayground.ThusbeganherjourneytorestorehonorandrespecttothoselaidtoresttheresomecenturiesagoandtoprotectatleastthesiteofthoseSpiritHousesthatstillgavewitnesstoaonceflourishingOjibwecommunitythehomeofancestorstoLVDmembersaswellasLacduFlambeauandKeweenawBaymembers.MartinsfirststepwastocontacttheIronCountyBoardBoard.IronCountypurchasedthelandinthe1920swiththepurposeofpreservingtheburialsitesandrecognizingtheseearlyinhabitantswiththeestab-lishmentofapark.ThenamePentogarecognizesthewifeofChiefEdwardsthelastchiefoftheChicaugonLakecommunitywhoreceivedapatentforthelandandsolditin1891.PentogaalsoliesburiedintheparkseparatefromtheexistingSpiritHousesandadjacenttoareadesignatedforchildrensburials.MartinapproachedtheBoardin2007hopefultoestablishacooperativecareagreementbywhichtheLVDTribethroughtheTHPOwouldassistwiththeprotectionandmaintenanceofthesiteparticularlyaroundtheSpiritHouses.Amonganumberofprovi-sionstheagreementcalledforfencingthatwouldencompasstheentiresiteandafifty-footbufferfromcampingsitesandhook-upsaswellascontinuedcoordinationwiththeTribesTHPO.ItalsoindicatedtheTribewouldbewillingtosharewithsomeoftheexpensesandrequestedsignageRespecttheseSacredGroundsthatwouldremindvisitorsthattheareaisafterallacemetery.AlthoughtheBoardlistenedtoherproposalataDecember2007meetingshewasultimatelyunsuc-cessfulingainingcooperationfromtheBoardtomoveforward.FurtheroverturesincomingyearsalsofaileddespitedeterminedeffortsbyLVDtribalmem-bersKevinandCarolWhiteandAshleyWhitewhoexpressedconcernsaboutthedisarrayinthecemetery.MartinattributesthereluctancetopossibleexpensesthepossibilityofloosingfivecampgroundsitesandtheprospectofsharingsomecontrolwiththeTribe.DisappointedbutundeterredMartinkeptlook-ingforsupportandinvestigatedpossibleavenuestogainprotectionforthesite.Becausenofederaldollarswereinvestedintheparkfederalinterventionwasnotpossible.Itwasntuntilthisyear2014whennewfacesappearedontheIronCountyBoardthatcooperativeactionbegan.MartincreditstheBoardandespeciallyCountyAdministratorSueClischfortheeffortanddedicationthataftereightyearsfinallyledtopassingaCooperativeCareAgreementbetweentheLVDTribeandtheIronCountyBoardinJuly2014.InherlettertotheBoardthankingthemfortheircooperationMartinstatesExecutionoftheCoopera-tiveCareAgreementbythepartiessolidifiestheTribeandCountysgovernment-to-governmentrelationshipandmarksthebeginningofaneweraasthepartiesjointlycoordinateandmanagethecareandpreser-vationoftheBurialGroundsatPentogaParkwheretheTribesancestorswerelaidtorestmorethanacenturyago.ThiscooperativeagreementhasledtothenewfencingthatnowencompassestheSpiritHouseswithfundsprovidedbytheTribe.Arowoflargebouldersontheoutsideofthefencingformsanadditionalbarrierfromintrudersintothearea.Abufferzonethatrequiredmovinghook-upsandcampsitesfurtherawayfromtheburialgroundspreventscampinggearandcampersfrominterminglingwiththeSpiritHouses.Deadtreesanddebrishavebeenclearedfromenclosureandfinallytheancestorswererecognizedwithaceremonyandtheburialsitemeticulouslysmudged.TribalmemberswhowishtovisitandhonortheirancestorscanbeadmittedtothesitewithpermissionthroughtheTHPO.ForMartinshewalksthegroundsrespectfullyfullyawarethatmoreburialsitesmaylieunidenti-fiedbeneathherfeet.LookingoutoverChicaugonLakeshecanimaginethesprawlofaoncebustlingvillageherewhoseownancestorsmayverywellalsoliebeneathourfeetatPentogaPark.ButIfeelgoodherenow.Ifeelsafeshestates.BySueEricksonStaffWriterGiiwegiizhigookwayMartinLacVieuxDeserttribalhistoricpreservationofcerhasfocusedherattentiononprotectingthetribalburialgroundsatIronCountysPentogaParkinMichigananeffortwhichshebeganin2006andwhichcametofruitionin2014.OneofherancestorsHelenKorneisshowninthePentogaParksign.photobySueEricksonDevelopingabarrierbetweencrowdedcampsitesandtheSpiritHouseswasaprimarygoalinprotectingtheburialsites.FollowingaCareAgreementwithIronCountynewfencingandabarrierofboulderswereputinplacetopreventfurtherdisturbanceatthesite.photobySueEricksonAnhistoricalmarkernearthePentogaParkSpiritHousestellsthestoryoftheparksacquisitionfromthelastChicaugonLakeleaderChiefEdwards.TheparkisnamedafterChiefEdwardswife.photobySueEricksonTheSpiritHousesandburialgroundsatPentogaParkCrystalFallsMichiganwereopentothepublic.Peoplewalkedthroughtheareachildrenevenbikedthroughandcampsitesabuttedsomeofthedelicateburialstructures.ThankstoacooperativeagreementbetweentheLacVieuxDesertBandandtheIronCountyBoardtheburialgroundshavebeencleanedofdebrisandarenowprotectedbyafenceandboulderbarrier.photosubmittedMAZINAIGANPAGE18WINTER2014-2015 GLIFWCNEWSPhilomenaKebecone-timeGLIFWCinterntakesuppostaspolicyanalystIIPhilomenaPhoebeKebecBadRivertribalmembersteppedintothepositionofpolicyanalystIIwithGLIFWCinAugusttakingonthesometimesdauntinglegalresponsibilitiesofprotectingandimplementingthetreatyrightsofGLIFWCselevenmembertribes.Thepositionandworkflowsrathernaturallyfromherhistoryofinvolvementintherightsofindigenouspeople.RaisedinMinneapolisKebecgraduatedfromSouthHighSchoolsAllNationsProgramin1996havingbeenexposedtoOjibwemowinandnativestudiesthroughtheIndianmagnetprogramthere.SheenrolledattheUniversityofMinnesotaUofMwhereshecontinuedstudyingthelanguageunderDen-nisJonesandproceededtoobtainabachelorofartsdegreeinNativeAmericanStudiesin2002.WhileattendingtheUniversityshealsoservedasaninternwithGLIFWCsDivisionofIntergovernmentalAffairs.TakingtimeofffromherstudiessheworkedforafewyearsinavarietyofcapacitiesincludingslingingbooksatBirchBarkBookstutoringnativestudentswiththeSt.PaulIndianEducationProgramandwritingarticlesforTheCircleandtheNewsfromtheSloughs.ShewasalsoemployedinanattorneysofficeforseveralyearspriortoenteringlawschoolatheralmamatertheUofMwhereshereceivedherjurisdoctoratein2008.InthefollowingyearssheclerkedforaMinnesotaStateCourtjudgeandthenmovedeasttotheIndianLawResourceCenterWashingtonDCworkinglargelyonpolicywithafocusonhumanrightslaw.Inparticularshemonitoredinternationalprogramsastheyrelatedtoclimatechangeandtherightsofindigenouspeople.Butin2011herconcernoverissuesbeingfacedbyherowntribalcommunitybroughthertoBadRiverfeelingthatasahumanrightsattorneyshewasneededathomeasthetribeconfrontedissuesrelatedtotheproposedG-TACmine.ShewasattractedtothepositionofpolicyanalystIIwithGLIFWCforseveralreasons.Foronesheenjoysworkingonpolicy.ShealsofeltmotivatedtohelpGLIFWCcontinuethegoodworkandpositivechangethatshesawoverthepastyears.IwasamazedhowthetribesandGLIFWCevolvedsoquicklyoutoftheprotestandstruggleatspearfishinglandingsinthemid-1980sandtoseeallthatpositivegrowth.Shewantstoseethatcontinueandbepartofit.WhileworkconsumesasignificantportionofKebecstimeshealsoenjoystimewithherseven-year-olddaughterBeatrizwhoseIndiannameisNenasobi-naisiiktrinityofthunderbirds.Sheandherdaughterdancejingledressandspendalotoftimeontheroadvisitingfriendsfarandwide.BySueEricksonStaffWriterGLIFWCsBoardofCommissionersBoardmetattheBlackBearCasinoResortlastJuly.TheBoardiscomposedofthetribalchairmanortheirdesigneefromeachofGLIFWCselevenmembertribes.TheBoardtakesrecommendationsfromGLIFWCstwostandingcommitteestheVoigtIntertribalTaskForceandtheGreatLakesIndianFisheriesLakesCommitteesetspolicyandprovidesdirectionforGLIFWCstaff.StandingfromtheleftWilliamGeneEmeryKeweenawBayJasonKekekStarkLacCourteOreillesSusanKlapelMilleLacsChairmanMicIshamBoardChairmanLacCourteOreillesChairpersonKarenDiverFondduLacBradleyKalkBoardSecretaryMilleLacsChairmanMikeWigginsBadRiverReginaldDefoeFondduLacChairmanChrisMcGeshickBoardVice-chairmanSokaogonMoleLakeCarmenButlerSt.CroixBrianBainbridgeRedCliffChairmanJimWilliamsLacVieuxDesert.SittingAnthonyLeBlancBayMillsFerdinandMartineauFondduLacChairmanTomMaulsonLacduFlambeauChairmanLewisTaylorSt.Croix.SEGLIFWCsBoardprovidesdirectionPAGE19MAZINAIGANWINTER2014-2015MadisonWis.Forthosethathaveneverbeentothispar-ticularGLIFWCofficelocatedinthebasementofUW-MadisonsSteenbecklibraryitmayseemsmallanddesolatehoweverthesamecheeryandfriendlyGLIFWCatmosphereisfeltuponenteringthepremises.ImmediatelyIwaswelcomedwithafriendlysmileandhandshakebyagentlemannamedScottCardiff.ScottisaPhDcandidateandresearchassistantwithGLIFWCsEnvironmentalSection.Cardiffsresearchprimarilyfocusesonmappingsurfacewaterrelativetominingactivity.Cur-rentlyheworksoninterpretingcumulativeeffectsofminingonsurfacewaterbycompilingdataandnumbercrunchinginconjunc-tionwithmapping.ThesethingsneedtobedocumentedsothatupcomingprojectproposalsareunderstoodincontextCardoffsays.TheMadisoncrewworkshardtoeducateboththepublicandstudentpopulationsandconductsresearchrelatedtotheenvironment.Mostrecentlyminingandwaterqualityhavebeenhugeissues.StaffutilizesadvancedsoftwaresuchasArchGIStoaideinthemappinganddepictionofvariousphenomena.WhileCardoffisprettysteadilycrunchingnumbersintheofficeotherstaffhavebeenoutandaboutcollectingdataatvariouslocationsofconcern.EstebanChiribogaGISspecialistandJohnColemanEnvironmentalSectionleaderhavebeenreviewingthePolymetEISinMinnesotaworkingonvariousissuesrelatedtotheproposedGTACmineinthePenokeeHillsinWisconsinaswellasissuesrelatedtotheEaglemineinMichigan.ChiribogareportsWehavebeentryingtoassessthedamagefromsedimentationattheroadconstruc-tionsitebytheEaglemineinMichiganSeearticleinMazinaigansfalledition.WehavealsobeenworkingwithBillMattesGLIFWCsGreatLakesFisheriesSectionleaderonthereviewofstampsandremovalandstabilizationprojectontheKeweenawpeninsula.Chiribogaindicatesthatupcomingprojectswillincludemoreminingtaskslocatedinallthreestatesandotherpotentialpipelineissuesclimatechangeissuesandothermiscellaneousmappingtasks.Itshardtokeepupsomedayshesays.AfteralongdayofnumbercrunchingandcomputerworkCardoffhasonelastmessageforfolksComeandvisit.Itgetslonelydownhere.WiththatsaidwedliketoextendaproperwelcometoourGLIFWCPhDresearchassistantandabigchi-miigwechtotheentirecrewdowninMadisonforalloftheirhardwork.WhatsthenewsinMadtownUpdateonGLIFWCssatelliteofceByDylanJenningsGLIFWCPIOLTESteveCardoffPhDcandidateandGLIFWCresearchassistantwiththeEnvironmentalSectionlocatedontheUW-Madisoncampus.photobyDylanJennings KIDSPAGEDeweiganikedaaLetsmakeadrumOurframewasputtogetherfromgizhikcedarboards.MishomisandIsandeveryroughspotondeweigan.Wethenpainttheframe.Mishomissaysthatdeweiganlikestolooknicetoo.IpainthimwithafloraldesigntorepresenttheAnishinaabeOjibwestyle.Thedeweiganthatmymishomisuseshasthecolorsofourmedicinewheelyel-lowredblackandwhite.Yellowisthecoloroftheeastredisforthesouthblackisforthewestandwhiteisthecolorforthenorth.CanyouhelpmepaintthedrumframeItstimetolacethedrumMishomisusesaknifetocutholesafewinchesapartonbothsidesofthehide.Ifollowmishomisandbegintolacedeweigan.Wegofrombottomtotopinadiagonalway.Canyoulacethedrumbyfollowingthenumbersinorder.MishomiswarnsmetonotpullthelacesverytightsoIlisten.Oncewefinishwegoaroundfourmoretimesandtightenthelacingondeweigan.Wesmudgedeweigandownwithsageandsweetgrassandlethimdryforawholemonth.Smudgingiswhenweburnsageandsweetgrassandcreatesmoke.Thesmokefromthesemashkiikiwagmedicineshelpstocleanseourdeweiganandcleanseusfromanybadfeelings.Theslowerdeweigandriesthebetter.OncedeweigandrieswewillhaveafeastforhimandsoonwewillbeabletodrumandsingBoozhooindinawemaganidogHelloallmyrelatives.TodayisaspecialdayWegettomakeadeweigandrum.Icomefromalonglineofsingersandmyunclesandmishomisgrandfathershareadrumgroup.Todayitstimetomakemyfirstdeweigan.Wewentoutacoupledaysagoandexercisedourtreatyrightsbyhuntingawaawashkeshii.Thatsourwordfordeer.Thehideshavebeensoakingintheriverandtodaywemustscrapethemandgetallthehairoff.Oncethehidesareallscrapedwereturnthemtoabucketofriverwatertosoak.Mishomissaysweshouldneverletthehidesdryout.BezhigoneNiizhtwoNiswithreeNiiwinfourNaananfiveMatchingConnecttheOjibwewordswiththecorrectEnglishwordBoozhooDeerMishomisMedicineDeweiganHelloWaawashkeshiiDrumGizhikCedarMashkiikiGrandfatherCuttinglacingSoakingthehideStartLacingdeweigan1163145127109172154136118ConnectthenumbersColordeweiganNextwecutthelacingwithapairofheavyscissors.Thelacingholdsbothhidestogetherandmakesthemniceandtight.HolysmokescuttingdeerhidesistoughworkWecutouttwocirclesforthedrumheadsandusetheresttocutlacing.DangIdroppedmyscissors.CanyouhelpmefindmyscissorsinthemazeoflacingMAZINAIGANPAGE20WINTER2014-2015 OJIBWEMOWINPAGE21MAZINAIGANWINTER2014-2015Down1.snow2.Sheiseatingsnow.3.Shetellsasacredstory.6.Itstartstosnow.7.Youcutwood.Across4.Sheworks.5.toomuchexcessive8.2ndwordquestionmarker9.Itstopssnowing.IKIDOWINODAMINOWINwordplayTranslationsNiizh2A.Sheplaysthemoccasingame.Iplaythemoccasingameandyouplaythemoccasingame.B.Theyaredancingoverthere.ThatisthemoccasingamesongIhearit.C.Theywillplaythemoccasingametogether.HowdotheyplaythemoccasingameD.QuietlistentomeListentoitE.Youwilllearnbyobservingwhiletheyplaythemoccasingame.F.ThiswinterpleaseyouwanttoseektolearnOjibwewords.G.OjibwelanguagealwaysitisfunItishighlyvaluedandimportantNiswi3Down1.Goon2.Amwaagone3.Aadizooke.6.Maajipon7.Gimanise.Across4.Anokii.5.Onzaam8.na9.Boonipon.Niiwin-41.Theyhelpmealwaysmyauntsmotherssisters.-wag2.InthewoodsyouworkthereYoucutwoodgid-Gid-3.EverydayatthetableIxthings.Ni-4.YesterdayatthetableIdidxthings.gii-5.Itisfreezingover.Iwillbe-cold.Iwanttobuildare.HurrySoonpleaseyouallcutrewoodThanks.ga-wii-TherearevariousOjibwedialectscheckforcorrectusageinyourarea.NotethattheEnglishtranslationwillloseitsnaturalflowasinanyworldlanguagetranslation.Thismaybereproducedforclassroomuseonly.Allotherusesbyauthorswrittenpermission.SomespellingsandtranslationsfromTheConciseDictionaryofMinnesotaOjibwebyJohnD.NicholsandEarlNyholm.AllinquiriescanbemadetoMAZINAIGANP.O.Box9OdanahWI54861lynnglifwc.org.Niswi3DoublevowelsystemofwritingOjibwemowin.LongvowelsAAEIIOOWaaboozasinfatherMiigwechasinjayAaniinasinseenMoozasinmoonShortVowelsAIODashasinaboutIngiwasintinNiizhoasinonlyAglottalstopisavoicelessnasalsoundasinAaw.Respectfullyenlistanelderforhelpinpronunciationanddialectdierences.Ni-Gid--wagGii-wii-da-ga-Anokii.Sheworks.Nindanokii.Gidanokii.Anokiiwag.Manise.Shecutswood.Nimanise.Gimanise.Manisewag.Gii-manise.Gii-pasttensedid.Wii-futurewillNanaaige.Shefixesthings.Ninanaaige.Ginanaaige.Ginanaaige.Wii-nanaaige.Bamoozhe.Shebabysits.Nimbamoozhe.Gibamoozhe.Bamoozhewag.HowahMiiiw.Niizh2Bezhig1OJIBWEMOWINOjibweLanguageNiiwin4521BiboonAnishinaabewakiing.ItisWinterinIndianCountry.Circlethe10underlinedOjibwewordsinthelettermaze.TranslationsbelowBiijipon.Noongomzoogipon.Biijinaagogii-maajipon.Onizhishigoon.Biboongmaajipon.Agwajiinggoonikaa.AaniinminikzoogipongOnzaam.Amwaagone.Wiinaagonagaa.GegoamwaagonekenBekaaMiikanaangozaazhaagonaagaa.Gibichipon.Waaseyaa.Bagakaagonagaa.InashkeMamaangadepon.Gigooniw.Nookaagonagaa.Waawaashkeshiwagbiidaagonewagidashbabaamaagonewag.Boonipon.Ishkwaase.MiigwechSnowitiscoming.Todayitsnows.Yesterdayitdidstarttosnow.Sheisprettybeautifulsnow.Whenitiswinteritbeginstosnow.Outsidethereisalotofsnow.HowmuchisitsnowingToomuch.Sheiseatingsnow.Itisdirtysnow.DonteatsnowSlowdownOntheroadthereisaslipperysnow.Thesnowletsup.Itissunny.Thereisbrightsnow.BeholdlookItissnowingbigfakes.Youhavesnowonyou.Itisasoftsnow.Thedeertheycomethroughthesnowandtheywalkaroundinthesnow.Itstopssnowing.Itcomestoanend.Thank-youJNMOAIWEDAKNBIKAWGOINSBNOSOZIBHAONIIMIWAGWODAGANNIEGOBAOIHIZDYZEBIANGMEGWAAGGBNAPANEJNZOIKIDOWINANIA.Makizinataage.Nimakizinataagedashgimakizinataage.B.Niimiwagiwidi.Makizinataage-nagamoniiwninoondaan.C.Wii-makizinataadiwag.Aaniinwaa-makizinataagewaadD.BizaanbizindawishinBizindanE.Giwii-kikinawaabmegwaa-makizinataagewag.Eya.F.Biboongdagagiwii-nandagikendaananOjibwewi-ikidowinan.G.OjibwemowinapaneminwendaagwadApiitendaagwad741.Gii-wiidookaage_____apaneNinosheyag.2.Megwaayaakina_____anokiiimaa_____manisena3.Endaso-giizhikadoopowining_____-nanaaige.4.Bijiinaagoadoopowiningnin_____-nanaaige.5.Gashkadin.Nin_____-giikaj.Ni_____Ni_____-poodawe.WewiibWayiibadagamanisegMiigwech.6VerbactionAnimatelivingIntransitivenoobjectLearntheSheorHe..rootverbaddprefixesforIni-nin-nim-nind-Yougi-gid-inflections.Theysuffix-wag-oogGiikaji.Shefeelscold.Ningiikaj.Ifeelcold.Gigiikaj.droptheendingshortvowelsaioin1st2ndpersonAadizooke.Shetellsasacredstory.Nindaadizooke.Itellalegend.Gidaadizooke.Youtellalegend.Boodawe.Shemakesafire.Nimboodawe.Imakeafire.Giboodawe.Youmakeafire.Boodawewag.Theybuildafire.8OnlineResourcesojibwe.lib.umn.eduwww.umich.eduojibwewww.glifwc.orgVAIActionRootsInfections39 ANAPROJECTSTadgersontoassistwithK-5languagebookletsLeviTadgersonBayMillsSaultSte.MarieandWikwemikongOntariocameaboardGLIFWCaspartofthenewAdministrationforNativeAmericansANAlanguagegrant.TadgersonhiredasalanguagespecialistassistantforthreeyearswillbehelpingdevelopaseriesoffourlanguagebookletsgearedtoK-5learners.Themonolingualbook-letswillbeaccompaniedbyabilingualteachersedition.TadgersonaMichiganresidentgraduatedfromNorthernMichiganUniversityNMUwithabachelorsdegreeinNativeAmericanstudiesandOjibwelanguage.HeiscurrentlypursuingamastersdegreeinNativeAmericaneducationadministrationalsoatNMU.LeviisnotentirelynewtotheGLIFWCstaff.Heworkedpart-timeassistingwiththecompilationofDibaajimowinanAnishinaabeStoriesofCultureandRespectfrom2010-2013abilingualpublicationthatrecordsstoriesfromOjibweelders.WhilecollegestudieshaveconsumedmuchofhistimefollowinggraduationfromNegauneeHighSchoolin2005heisalsoinvolvedinotherdiversepursuits.OneistheGitigaanProjectbeguninJune2014agardeningventurewithhisfatherproducingandmarketingnon-GMOnaturallygrownfoods.Hesalsoworkingwiththestart-upofBoloProductionsavideoproductioncompanycurrentlyinthefledglingstagewiththehopesofpromotingandproducingNativeAmericanfilms.WithtimeofffromworkandstudyTadgersonspendsasmuchtimeaspos-siblewithfianceAmberShouldersandtheirdaughterLexiwhocurrentlyresideinMarquetteMichiganwhileAmbercompletesherdegreeinphysicaltherapyatNMU.OdanahWis.GLIFWCsMinoWiisinidaaLetsEatGoodTradi-tionalFoodsforHealthyLivingthree-yeargrantendedinSeptemberwiththedistributionofcookbooksandDVDstoGLIFWCmembertribesandprojectpartners.ThecookbookfeatureshealthyrecipeswithtraditionalAnishinaabefoods.ThisprojectwasfundedundertheAdministrationforNativeAmericans.The210-pagecookbookexploresmanydifferenttechniquesandmethodsforincorporatingtraditionalAnishinaabefoodsintoaneverydaylifestyle.ThecookbookfeaturessixculinaryareasBasicsStaplesSaladsSoupsStewsMainDishesSideDishesDessertsBeveragesandBreadBreakfast.Firstandforemostthecookbookbreaksdownkitchensafetyfromavoidingcross-contaminationinthekitchentotheproperwaytodefrostfoods.Alsotheprojectstaffincludetipswhileharvestingforexampletellingmorethanonepersonyourharvestingplanincaseofanemergency.OnehighlightoftheMinoWiisini-daacookbookistheindex.Thisindexistailoredtoharvesterswhoarelookingforrecipesforaspecificfood.HarvesterscanlookupacertaintraditionalfoodsuchasCootMudHenandseewhatrecipeswithinthecookbookfeaturethatfood.ForCootMudHenthereisarecipeforMudHenandVegetableSouponpage88.EachGLIFWCmembertribereceived300cookbookswithDVDstohelptheirtribalmembersincorporatetraditionalAnishinaabefoodsintoaneverydaydiet.ForexampletheLacduFlambeauAbinoojiiyagYouthCenterreceivedcookbookstodistributetotheiryouth.TheprojectstaffpreviouslyhostedacookingdemonstrationwiththeAbinoojiiyagCenterwhereLacduFlambeauyouthpreparedprojectreci-pessuchasMoleLakelobstermixedgreensaladwildriceflourbannockwildriceberrysaladandsumacade.CommunityDietitianOwenHollyMaroneyenjoyedinteractingwithtribalmembersduringthedistributionoftheMinoWiisinidaacookbooksItwasreallyupliftingtoseetheexcitementtribalmembershadwhenwebroughtthecookbookstothecommunity.Wearehappytoprovidethemmaterialswithhealthyrecipesthatremindthemofmealstheirgrandmothersmadeforthemwhentheywerekids.Tribalmem-berswereeagerandenthusiastictogetintotheirownkitchenstotryoutsomeoftherecipes.WhenaskedwhatrecipewouldbegoodforanamateurinthekitchenMaroneysaidMoleLakelobsterisagreatbeginnerrecipe.Ahomecookcansautbakeorevenmicrowavethewhitefish.Soifyouhaveonlytwomin-utestocookdinnerMoleLakelobsterisyourwinnerFinditonpage102intheMinoWiisinidaacookbook.Cookbooksareavailableforpur-chasethroughGLIFWCswebsitewww.glifwc.organdmailorderfor14.00plusshipping2.75foronetwobooks4.75forthreefourbooks6.75forfivesixbooksetc..AdditionalkitchensafetyvideoscanbeviewedonGLIFWCsYouTubechannelwww.youtube.comuserglifwc.BringinghealthyeatingtotribesByLaTishaCoffinANAProjectCoordinatorMinoWiisinidaacookbooksdistributedfarandwideOdanahWis.GLIFWCispleasedtoannounceourlanguagerevitaliza-tionprojecthasbeenfundedbytheAdministrationforNativeAmericansANA.TheprojectNenda-GikendamangBiboonagakWeseektolearnthroughouttheyearofficiallystartedinAugust2014.Thisprojectwillrunforthreeyearsandhascreatedtwoadditionalfulltimepositionsalanguagespecialistassistantandawebsitedesigner.ThroughthecourseofthegrantfourseasonalmonolingualOjibweactivitybookletsthatcanbeusedinK-5immersionclassroomswillbedeveloped.Forevery30languagemonolingualbookletsproducedinthisprojecttherewillbeanaccompanyingbilingualteachersedition.AthirdcomponentofthisprojectwillbetocreateacompanionwebsitethatutilizessimilaractivitiesasthebookletsandwillincorporatesimpleanimationsaudioandgamestoencouragelanguagelearnerstoutilizeAnishnaabemowin.IntalkingwithmultiplelanguageteachersandGAAGIGEGLIFWCsAdvisoryAndGuidanceInputGroupofEldersacommonthreadofconcernisthatthereisalackofculturallyrelevantlanguagematerialscurrentlyavailablefocusedonyoungschool-agedchildren.Asaresultthesefourbookletswillbecenteredaroundtheseasonsstartingwithbiboonwinterthenmovingtoziigwanspringthenniibinsummerandfinallydagwaaginautumn.Concentrationontheseasonsallowsustopromotethelanguagewhileencouragingtraditionalculturalactivities.Akwawaawinspearingthroughtheicenandokawechigewinanimaltrackidentificationiskigamizigewinsugarbushgiigoonyikewinharvestingfishmanoominikewinharvestingwildriceandgiiyosewinhuntingaresomeofthetopicsthatwillbeexploredinthisproject.AlthoughGLIFWCsterritorycoversmultiplecommunitiesanddialectswewillbefocusingonsouthernOjibwemowinasthemajorityoflanguageprogramsutilizesthisdialectwithinMinnesotaandWisconsin.AlsothisdialecthasbeenchosenbecausefluentspeakersofotherAnishnaabemowincommunitiescaneas-ilyunderstandit.Duringthisprojectwefinditimportanttoincludetheoversightofafirstspeakertoensureauthenticityinregardstothelanguageandculturallyorientedmaterialsproduced.Theintendedpurposeofthisprojectistoaddanothertoolforteachersandspeakerstoconductlanguagerevitalizationworkandallowlanguagelearningopportunitiestobeexploredwithinandoutsideofaclassroom.Notonlywillwebedevelopinglanguagematerialsthroughthisprojectbutwillalsoextensivelytestthesematerialsinaclassroomsettingwiththehelpofourprojectpartners.Miigwechgakinaawiiya.ANAlanguagegranttoproduceteachingtoolsByWesleyBallingerANALanguageSpecialistLeviTadgersonANALanguageSpecialistAssistantBySueEricksonStaffWriterCheckingthingsoutintheeldvisitorsfromtheAdministrationforNativeAmericansANAarrivedinGLIFWCshallsthisfallforanon-sitevisittotheMinoWiisinidaLetsEatGoodprojectfundedbyANA.Theprojectwascompletedthisfall.Thevisitprovidesthegrantorsarsthandlookattheproject.PicturedfromtheleftareOwenMaroneycommunitydieticianLaTishaCofnprojectcoordinatorJillKaneANAprogramspecialistandJoshuahMarshallprogramanalystII.photobyDylanJenningsMAZINAIGANPAGE22WINTER2014-2015 WALKINGONChi-miigwechtoChairmanAckleyadefenderoftreatyrightsGrandmaGennylifelonglearnerteacherandfriendwalksonOvermanyyearsGrandmaGennytypicallygreetedGLIFWCsHealingCirclerunnersastheyenteredtheRedCliffcommunity.Herselfalifelongwalkershebrisklyledthewayastheoldestresidentofthecommunityandbright-eyed-and-bushy-tailedshewouldoftenjointhegroupagainatearlymorningceremonies.SadlythisyearGrandmaGennywasntthereastherunwentthroughRedCliff.TherewasadeepemptinesswiththatbuteveryoneknewGrandmaGennyattheageof94wasweakandinWashburnsNorthernLightsNursingHomereceivingthecaresheneeded.ThenonAugust15GrandmaGennygentlywalkedonleavingatrailofinspirationandmemoriesofanogichidaakwetofillthatdeepholeleftwithherdeparture.SomehowweknowGrandmaGennysspiritwillcontinuetogreetandguideusasweenterRedCliff.HerobituaryasitappearedintheAshlandDailyPressgivesabeautifulaccountofhermanyaccom-plishments.ItappearsbelowinpartOnAug.152014ourlittlesweetheartGenevieveAnnaPetersonGoslinwhoseOjibwenameswereWaabijiigkweWhiteCraneWomanandMigiziOgimaakweHeadEagleWomanbeganherpeacefulspiritualjourneytobewithourrelativesinheaven.ShewasborninAshlandCountyonJuly121920thedaughterofMartinPetersonandAngelineGordonPeterson.GrandmaGennyalwaysbelievedinthepowerofeducationsheinstilledthatsameinherenttraitinherchildrenandgrandchildren.Herrelentlesspursuitofherowneducationalendeavorsoccurredthroughoutherlifeuntiltheageofsixty-three.Obstaclessuchasabrokenlegsnowstormsandoldagewereneverenoughtochallengeherperseverance.SheattendedHaskellIndianHighSchoolinLawrenceKansasintheearly1940s.In1974atagefifty-fourshewenttocollegeasapart-timeweekendstudentatMt.ScenarioCollegeinLadysmith.In1981shemovedtoSantaFeNewMexicotoattendtheAmericanIndianArtInstituteAIAIandin1983atagesixty-threeshegraduatedfromAIAIwitha4.0GPAandanassoci-atesofartsdegree.ShewasselectedastheWhosWhoinAmericanJuniorCollegesforheracademicachievementsatAIAI.GrandmaGennyhasworkedwithchildrenandyouthatalllevelsfromHeadStartagegradeschoolhighschoolandcollegeagedstudentsformostofherlife.NotonlydidsheworkasafostergrandmotherattheRedCliffEarlyChildhoodCenterwith0-5yearoldsbutfrom1987totheearly1990ssheworkedattheBayfieldPublicSchoolasateachersassistantwithstudentsinelementarythroughhighschoolinNativeAmericanhistoryandlanguageclasses.From19972004shetaughtartcoursesontheRedCliffChippewaReservationfortheLacOreillesOjibweCommunityCollegeoutreachextensionservice.Shetaughtcoursesinweavingbeadingmoccasinmakinganddrawingpainting.GrandmaGennywaswidelyknowninthesur-roundingcommunitiesandstatewideinWisconsinthroughvariousdocumentariessuchasthePBSdocumentaryGreatLakesForeveraGreatLakesConnectionSeries.Thisvideofocusedonherhealthylifestyleattheageofeighty-sixandherloveofwalk-ingalongtheshoresofGichigamiLakeSuperior.Herdeterminationandperseverancetowalkingwaswidelyrecognizedinthecommunityasshefrequentlytraveledatleast1mileadayrainorshine.Attheageofeighty-eightyearsoldGrandmaGennywaspresentedwiththe2008WisconsinFriendofEducationAwardattheWisconsinstaterotundainMadisonforhersignificantcontributionstoeducationandherlifelongloveforeducationandthechildrenofhercommunity.ThepreviousyearinMay2007shewashonoredforheroutstandingservicetoeducationbytheBayfieldSchoolDistrictsuperintendentduringtheirSesquicentennialCelebrationwiththefollowingdescriptionTomeetGrandmaGennyistobeinthepresenceofsomeonewhoremainsincrediblyhumbleinspiteofherextraordinaryaccomplishments.Herpersonaljourneyisaroadmapforanyoneatanyagewhowantstofulfilltheirpotentialthrougheducationandservice.GenevieveAnnaPetersonGoslinissurvivedbyherbeautifulandtalenteddaughterDianeBearDeFoewhoisalsoacurrentteacherinNativeAmericanStud-iesattheBayfieldPublicSchoolonesonRobertA.LaVonneGoslinSr.whoisadivisionaladministratorfortheRedCliffTribeninegrandchildrenthreegreatgranddaughtersonegreatgrandsonandoneadditionalsoon-to-begreatgranddaughter.BySueEricksonStaffWriterGrandmaGenny.photobyAgnesFlemmingArlynAckleySr.62recentlywalkedontothespiritworldhav-ingservedhistribetheMoleLakeSokaogonBandofChippewaoveraspanof35years.InhiscapacityastribalchairmanhealsoservedonGLIFWCsBoardofCommissionersBOC.OneofGLIFWCsoriginalBOCmembersAckleywasaleadercom-mittedtothepreservationandimple-mentationoftreatyrightsandhelpedstaythecoursethroughtheturbulenceengenderedbytheimplementationoftreatyrightsinthe1980s.HeservedontheBOCfromitsinceptionin1984through1988whenhewasalsoelectedBOCchairman.LaterheservedasaCommissionerbetween1993and1997andagainfrom2007-2009.ArlynwasatriballeadertotallycommittedtoGLIFWCandimplementingthetreatyrightsofmembertribes.AsacommissionerwhowastherefromthebeginninghewastotallyengagedinstrengtheningGLIFWCasanorganizationandprovidingstrongleadershipasGLIFWCgrewstatesMicIshamcurrentBOCchairandLacCourteOreillestribalchairman.IalsorememberhimasoneofthosepeoplewhocouldcrackajokejustattherighttimerelievingalotoftensionWearethankfulforthecommitmentofleaderslikeArlynwhohadthestrengthvisionandperseverancenecessarytoprotectourrightswhenundersiegeIshamsaid.ArlynsvoicewasalwaysastrongvoicenotonlyforhisowntribebutalsoforallNativepeople.InparthislegacyisoneoflengthyandcontinuedresistancetotheproposedExxonmineadjacenttohisreservation.ProtectingtheEarththetribesricingbedsandtheirwaterfromthepotentialthreatofcontaminationfromtheminewasalwaysparamount.WearethankfulforhislongandcommittedservicetoGLIFWCitsmembertribesandtothepreservationoftherightsofallNativepeopleHisobituaryreadsasfollowsAckleyArlynDavidSr.age62ofMoleLakeCrandonpassedawaySundaySeptember142014atAspirusWausauHospital.HewasborninMilwaukeeonNovember191951thesonofFredandNormaRandallAckley.ArlyngraduatedfromCusterHighSchoolinMilwaukee.HeownedandoperatedaroofingbusinessinMilwaukeeuntilmovingtoMoleLakewhereheservedintribalgovernment.Heenjoyedharvestingwildricemakingricesticksandmechanicalwork.ArlynissurvivedbyDaughtersNickolFeloWausauCarleneFeloWausauCrystalAckleyCrandon.SonsArlynAckleyJr.ChrissyWeberMoleLakeandJonathonAckleyAntigo.HeisalsosurvivedbysistersJudithPolarMoleLakeJoanneAntoneWatersmeetMichiganandbrothersFredAckleyMoleLakesTomLindaSmithMoleLakeandJamesSmithRhinelandersixgrandchildrenandfivegreatgrandchildren.HewasprecededindeathbyhisparentsFredNormaAckleyasisterAliceandabrotherGary.VisitationwasheldSeptember162014attheMoleLakeLodgeandConferenceCenter.NativeAmericanservicesbeganat1200noononSeptember17withMr.BillyDanielsofficiating.IntermentwasattheMoleLakeTribalCemetery.BySueEricksonStaffWriterphotobyDaleThomasPAGE23MAZINAIGANWINTER2014-2015 SusanErickson..............................EditorLynnPlucinski..............................AssistantEditorCharlieOttoRasmussen................WriterPhotographerMAZINAIGANTalkingPaperisapublicationoftheGreatLakesIndianFishWildlifeCommissionwhichrepresentselevenOjibwetribesinMichiganMinnesotaandWisconsin.SubscriptionstothepaperarefreetoUnitedStatesandCanadianresidents.Subscribeonlineatwww.glifwc.orgwriteMAZINAIGANP.O.Box9OdanahWI54861phone715682-6619ore-maillynnglifwc.org.Ifyouhavemovedorareplanningtomovepleasekeepusinformedsowecankeepourmailinglistcurrent.Ifyouplantobeawayforanextendedperiodoftimepleaseletusknowsowecansuspendyoursubscriptionuntilyoureturn.AlthoughMAZINAIGANenjoyshearingfromitsreadershipthereisnoLetterstotheEditorsectioninthepaperandopinionstobepublishedinthepaperarenotsolicited.Queriesastopotentialarticlesrelatingtooff-reservationtreatyrightsandorresourcemanagementorOjibweculturalinformationcanbedirectedtotheeditorattheaddressgivenabove.FormoreinformationseeGLIFWCswebsitewww.glifwc.organdourFacebookpage.MAZINAIGANSTAFFPronouncedMuhzinahigunNONPROFITORGPOSTAGEPAIDPERMIT203EAUCLAIREWIPrintedbyEAUCLAIREPRESSCOMPANYEAUCLAIREWI54701RETURNADDRESSGLIFWCP.O.BOX9ODANAHWI54861OjibweCededTerritoriesandMemberTribesofGLIFWCTreatyCededAreas1836183718421854CHANGESERVICEREQUESTEDBiboon20142015