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Published by the Great Lakes Indian Fish Wildlife Commission Winter 2015-16 By Dylan Jennings Staff Writer Waaswaaganingike wiigwaasi mazinibiiigan Torch hunting birchbark drawing. The old style birch shining torch was attached to a long stick. When the hunter saw the torch light refracting off the waawaashkeshis deers eyes the torch was then quickly stabbed down into the snow or ground freeing both hands for a good quick shot. Various dry materials as well as zhingwaak bigiw pine pitch were added to the torch in layers for a slow steady burn. A very effective old way to hunt deer at night. Waaswaagoning is the name for the Lac du Flambeau Reservation where we Ojibwe still today practice various forms of torch hunting at night. artwork by Biskakone PAGE 1 MAZINAIGANWINTER 2015-16 Manoomini-ogimaag gather at Mashkiiziibing Manoomin Chiefs come together to talk about environmental issues Odanah Wis.Nibi water hits the cherry red rocks and sends steam swirl- ing throughout the lodge. One of the many good ways to start a gathering the madoodiswan cleanses the individual heals communities and sends up prayers for everything in creation including the plant and animal beings that Anishinaabeg depend upon. On Friday and Saturday October 23rd-24th manoomini-ogimaag wild rice chiefs and various resource management experts gathered at Bad River to partake in a sweat lodge ceremony and to talk about manoomin. Historically when there were issues at hand that Anishinaabeg needed to address it was done in the form of a gathering. Hereditary and designated leaders would come together and smoke their opwaaganag pipes and talk. Sometimes the talking would last hours other times the talking would last days. The phrase running on Indian time encompasses this old way of thinking.The conversations will last as long as they need to last. Just as this old practice manoomini-ogimaag and others gathered with no set agenda and began to talk about a resource that has been crucial to the Anishinaabe lifeway for thousands of years. After the circle was smudged and the pipes were lit Bad River community elder Joe Rose Sr. began with a welcome address and talked of the Anishinaabe migration story. In this story Anishinaabeg started on the east coast and through a prophecy traveled westward until they found the food that grows on water. Our elders tell us that back then the Bad River sloughs used to be filled with manoo- min everywhere. Those red-winged black birds would gather in great numbers in the rice and when they took off they sounded like a jet. Nowadays the rice isnt as plentiful and those birds have almost disappeared. Joe also made mention of the CAFOs Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations and mining efforts that are constantly threatening this area and the resource at stake. This unique opportunity allowed the manoomini-ogimaag and other tribal resourcemanagementstafftovoiceconcernstalkaboutfuturecollaborationamong bands and to convey their dedication to preserving manoomin and the way of life that surrounds this beautiful seed. Food and laughter were also shared along with tribal histories. Many spoke of their teachers and the experiences they have had over the years. Others talked about the positive work already underway in the communities. Tribal members growing up in this time period have seen many changes changes that have not only affected the environment but changes that have adversely affected culture and language. When youth are not taught to appreci- Manoomin Chiefs GLIFWC staff and other tribal resource management staff gathered on a Saturday in October at Bad River to talk about manoomin. Many of these well-respected individuals carry traditional ecological knowledge TEK which is vital to the Anishinaabe lifeway. photo by Dylan Jennings See Manoomin Chiefs page 15 Tribal night hunt underway Safety measures in place The off-reservation treaty night hunt opened Sunday November 1 2015 in Wisconsin Ceded Territories providing an additional opportunity for treaty hunters to secure venison. Night hunting is a traditional Ojibwe practice. The Tribes sought a night hunt opportunity during the 1991 Deer Phase of the LCO v. Voigt litigation. The Tribes lost that part of the case in 1991 because there was not enough data to show that night hunting could beconductedsafely.Howeversincethe 1991rulingtheStatehaspermittednight hunting during the state wolf season and CWD-related hunts. This changed circumstance provided a platform for the Tribes to request reconsideration of the original ruling. In 2012 the Tribes requested that the court reconsider the1991 ruling that prevented tribal members from hunting deer at night off reservation. Since that time the Tribes motion has worked its way through federal courts.After Judge CrabbsinitialrulingdenyingtheTribes motiontheU.S.CircuitCourtofAppeals reversed the decision and remanded the motion back to the district court for reconsideration. In her October 13 2015 decision Judge Crabb accepted the Tribes pro- posedregulationswithonemodification revising the definition of an adequate backstoptorequireanearthenbackstop. The judge ultimately decided that the tribal night hunting regulations address public safety concerns as they require completion of an advanced hunter safety class passing a marksmanship test completing a shooting plan and hunters are only allowed to shoot from a stationary position. While there was only a short space of time after the October decision to prepare for the November 1 opening this year tribal members are qualifying andtakingadvantageofthisopportunity. Seven sessions of the advanced hunter safety class have been offered this fall. New classes are posted on GLIFWCs Facebook and website. The night hunt will be closed during the States firearm season but will resume after the States traditional nine-day season and continue throughthefirstweekendinJanuary.SE