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DEM For the Anishinaabe in the Great Lakes territories the clan system provided both strength and stability in light of previous times of chaos and hardship. The doodem system comes directly from the Creator and every clan was assigned a different role in the Midewin Lodge and associated ceremonies. In addition there existed a system of checks and balance. Clans would communicate with each other to help make decisions and solve problems. As Basil Johnston remarks in his book Ojibway Heritage the feeling and sense of oneness among people who occupied a vast territory was based not on political considerations or national aspirations or economic advantages not even uponreligionorsimilarityofvieworceremonybutuponthetotemicsymbolswhich made those born under the signs doodem one in function birth and purpose. As stated by Sean Farlander Mille Lacs Boozhoo Nisoasin indigo makwa indoodem. Hi my English name is Sean Fahrlander my Ojibwe name is Three Stone. I belong to the Bear Clan. It is important for me to always remember that I belong to my clan and not my clan belonging to me. Clans are a source of identity a source of spiritual strength a source of cultural understanding. I work hard to remember that I belong to the human race I belong to my tribe I belong to my clan I belong to my family and nothing can change this. Its who I am and whom I identify with. Boozhoo Makwa indoodemin. Brotherhood of clans doodemag In his book Ojibway Heritage Ojibwe author and scholar Basil Johnston gives a graphic presentation of Ojibwe totems as follows Leadership Defense Sustenance Learning Medicine Chiefs Warriors Hunters Teachers Healers Johnston says there were originally five totems representing the five needs of the people and the five elementary functions of society. Later others were added. He depicts totems as follows Johnstons language represents a Canadian dialect so we elected to use Ojibwe terms as found in the Nichols and Nyholm Concise Dictionary of Minnesota Ojibwe with the exception of italicized words. Leadership Learning Defense Ajijaak Crane Maanameg Catfish Makwa Bear Nika Goose Ginoozhe Pike Maiingan Wolf Maang Loon Namebin Sucker Bizhiw Lynx Gekek Hawk Name Sturgeon Peepeegizaence Hawk Adikameg Whitefish Sustenance Migizi Bald Eagle Waabizheshi Marten Giniw Golden Eagle Medicine Amik Beaver Makataezheeb Brant Mikinaak Turtle Mooz Moose Gayashka Seagull Nigig Otter Adik Caribou Zhiishiigwe Rattlesnake Waawaashkeshi Deer Muzundumo Black Snake Wazhashk Muskrat Omakakii Frog Nebaunaubekwe Merman or mermaid Reproduced from Ojibway Heritage by Basil Johnston University of Nebraska Press 1990. For the Great Lakes Ojibwe the bullhead rather than the catfish is a lead doodem. Dynamics of clansMany tribal nations still adhere to their traditional clan teachings before making decisions for the people. Certain types of clans are known for their leadership and expertise in making effective decisions for their people. Some communities rely heavily upon this advice from spiritual leaders and ancestral chiefs. Typically clans are symbolized or embodied by shapesanimalsorspecificteachings.Ojibweclansinthe Great Lakes region are characterized by animals called doodemag. Just as every animal has an important role in the function of our living environment clans operate in a similar manner. Clans such as ajijaak crane maang loonmakwabearwaawaashkeshideerwaabizheshi marten giigoonh fish bineshiinh bird are seven common clans that Anishinaabe were given. Originally there were five. In addition there are several sub clans that exist in various Ojibwe communities. Other tribes use different symbols or regionsareas for their clans. For instance some Dine Navajo members belong to the near the mountain clan. Other cultures also have embraced clan systems but more typically the clans indicate a line of descent as in the Scottish clans which are noted for their clan tartans and clan shields. However the clans are not strictly family lineage because many clansmen although not related to the chief took the chiefs surname as their own to either show solidarity or to receive protection or muchneededsustenanceinthe16thand 17th centuries. Many of the clansmen were actually tenants who took on the clannameandordinaryclansmenrarely had any blood ties with the clan chiefs. In Ireland clans played a signifi- cant role in the socialpolitical struc- ture through the 17th century. While originally based on descent clans also included people who were adopted into the clan and those who joined the clan for reasons such as safety or combining of lands and resources. Clans based on lineage are also strong in Japan and across continental Africa. Clans can also denote a group united by an idea or objective. In com- mon usage today clan often simply refers to a family i.e. the Johnson clan or the Smith clan. Clans in other cultures the near the mountain clan. Reproduced from For the Great Lakes Ojibwe the bullhead rather than the catfish is a lead doodem. anig gidoodeminaanig n about the clans mikinaak turtle clan e clan waabizheshi marten clan maiingan wolf clan For the Anishinaabe in the Great Lakes territories the clan system provided both strength and stability in light of previous times of chaos and hardship. The doodem system comes directly from the Creator and every clan was assigned a different role in the Midewin Lodge and associated ceremonies. In addition Brotherhood of clans PAGE 13 MAZINAIGAN