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WILD PLANTSENFORCEMENT Interest in wild ginseng grows GLIFWC tribes seeking regulatory authority By Charlie Otto Rasmussen Staff Writer Odanah Wis.The medicinal root is known as little person or mamace- qtasaeh in the Menominee language said Conservation Officer William Cox at the Jiisens Tribal Harvesting Meeting August 11. Often called shang ginseng roots bulging with fleshy appendages are a venerable home remedy for woodland Indians and a popular market export to Asian countries. OfficerCoxjoinedtheGLIFWC-sponsoredgatheringtosharetheMenominee Tribes experience regulating ginseng under the federal CITES program. Three years ago the Menominee became the first tribe in the United States with inter- national export authority for ginsengsomething GLIFWC member tribes are now looking to achieve. Because of its commercial value Cox noted ginseng is a native plant vulnerable to harmful harvesting practices. Weve seen some enforcement issues over the past three years Cox said. Sometimes people are tempted to harvest younger plants. Menominee harvest codes require ginseng plants to be at least 10 years old which can be determined first by the presence of red berries then by counting the number of leaf clusterstypically 3-4 prongs. Another more thorough aging method involves adding up the number of stem scars on the rhizome the link between the root and above-ground stem. Both the harvester and certifying officer are responsible for correctly aging roots. Will Hsu a second-generation commercial ginseng dealer from Wisconsin said the 10-year-rule is important. Plants under 10 years old are just not prime. The older plants are much more potent he explained to the gathering of nearly thirty tribal representatives. Inexperienced harvesters however sometimes dig out a root and find it is too younga situation Hsu likens to catch-and-release fishing. If handled with care Hsu said immature ginseng can be replanted with success rates upwards toward 80-percent. GLIFWC organized the meeting to gatherTEK traditional ecological knowl- edge about ginseng known as jiisens in Ojibwemowin and to gauge member tribes interest in pursuing CITES authority. The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora CITES is designed to promote resource sustainability through harvest regulation and verification of spe- cies susceptible to becoming endangered. After a thoughtful discussion between representatives from Fond du Lac St. Croix Mole Lake Keweenaw Bay and Lac du Flambeau tribal representatives determined to move forward with CITES authorization through GLIFWC. The Voigt Intertribal Task Force further endorsed theideawhichwouldaddginsengtoashortlistofresourcesthatcurrentlyincludes CITES powers for bobcat and river otter pelts. While the CITES application is a time-intensive process GLIFWC staff is working closely with member tribes and US Fish Wildlife Service officials to ideally complete an agreement prior to the next harvest season. Scattered populations of jiisens grow in rich woodlands across the Great Lakes region including Lower Michiganhome of the Saginaw Chippewa Tribe who also sent a representative to GLIFWCs meeting convened at the Bad River Housing Authority auditorium. In Ojibwe Country jiisens can be an important part of medicinal preparations for native healers. Across the Pacific Ocean on the Asian mainland Will Hsu said that ginseng is used as a tonic especially by men. People aged 50 and older use it everyday for vitality Hsu explained. FormoreinformationonginsengandCITESseewww.fws.govinternational citescop16ginseng.html Ginseng for the future Treaty and state harvesters are required to carefully sew all of the seeds from picked ginseng plants back in the vicinity of the parent plants. Ginseng. Arthur Haines New England Wild Flower Society GLIFWC officers hone situation response skills Simulated real-life situations related to drug control measures and emergencysituationscomprisedthetwo- day training for six GLIFWC wardens at the Wisconsin National Guards Volk Field Combat Readiness Center Camp Douglas this fall.The facility was avail- able to GLIFWC through theWisconsin Counter Drug Program. Historically GLIFWCs Enforce- ment Division has assisted other enforcement agencies in drug busts and responding to incidents working closely with federal state and county lawenforcementagencies.Thistraining provided GLIFWC wardens with the opportunitytoimprovetheirknowledge andskillstoeffectivelyhandlesituations related to the illegal drugs shootings or other emergency situations. Trainer Brian Kastelic Wisconsin Division of Criminal Investigation DCI provided a session on the first day reviewing potential scenarios and methods to approach those scenarios. KastelicisDCIsliaisonwiththeNative American Drug and Gang Initiative. GLIFWC wardens had the use of VolkFieldsshoothousewhichiscom- prisedoflargebanquettyperoomsapart- ment size rooms and hotel rooms. The different settings allow officers to prac- tice entering and clearing rooms where an incident may be occurring whether a domesticdisputeorashootingsaysFred Maulson GLIFWC enforcement chief. One technique that was rehearsed is called covering the patch.Two offi- cers enter a room with slightly touching shouldersbutatananglesoeachcansee in a different direction. The angle and proximity to each other helps protect a vulnerableunderarmareaoneachofficer which is not covered by a Kevlar vest. Othertrainingintendedtohelpoffi- cers reach a target were also practiced including mapping landmarking with a compass and reviewing GPS readings markingandsystementry.GPSreadings can be complicated Maulson explains because there is a military system and a publicsystem.Ifforexampleyouwere calling a medic copter they would be using the military system so you must send them the military coordinates. GLIFWC officers who attended plan on sharing the training with the entire Enforcement Division. By Sue Erickson Staff Writer GLIFWC Enforcement Officers practice land navigation skills at the Wisconsin National Guards Volk Field Combat Readiness Center Camp Douglas Wisconsin. Above Officers attending the training were from the left Riley Brooks Steven Amsler and Dan North. Inset Offi- cer Daniel Perrault. photos by Fred Maulson MAZINAIGAN PAGE 8 WINTER 2015-16